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Wednesday, 19 November 2014

Universal Children's Day 2014, November 20th.





The one thing all children have in common is their rights.  Every child has the right to survive and thrive, to be educated, to be free from violence and abuse, to participate and to be heard. 
These are innate human rights, as inalienable as those held by adults.  But until 1989, these rights were not formally articulated in a legally binding instrument, nor were governments fully accountable to advance these rights for every child.
This all changed 25 years ago, on Universal Children’s Day, when the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.  It rapidly became the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history. 
To date, almost every nation in the world has ratified the Convention.  In every region of the world, it has inspired changes in laws, changes in policies, and changes in the way we perceive children as holders of their own rights and in the way we work to promote those rights. 
It is fitting that we celebrate a quarter century of the Convention.  But we must do more than celebrate.  We must recommit ourselves to advancing the rights of every child, especially those who have been left behind -- those who have the least and need us the most.
We cannot say that the rights of all children are fulfilled when, despite our progress, some 6.6 million children under 5 years of age died in 2012, mostly from preventable causes; when 168 million children aged 5 to 17 were engaged in child labour in 2012; when 11 per cent of girls are married before they turn 15.
To make the vision of the Convention a reality for every child will require innovative solutions, a major increase in resources, and political will to invest in children and put their wellbeing at the centre of the political, economic and social agenda.
While accountability for the rights enshrined in the Convention lies with governments, we all have a common responsibility to uphold and protect those rights, which are fundamental to the strength of our societies.  Together, let us stand up for the rights of children everywhere, for a more just and equitable world, and for a brighter future for all. 
 Ban Ki-moon.



 EU Children of Peace partners

Universal Children's Day 2014 - " Helping Children of war become Children of Peace."

Resources :
CRC@25 (Convention on the Rights of the Child turns 25 this year)
UNICEF 2014-17 Strategic Plan kicks off this year
UN Global Issues - Children
CyberSchoolBus
MDG Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
MDG Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality
20 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child
The State of the World’s Children 2009: Maternal and Newborn Health
Voices of Youth
UNICEF and Say Yes for children
UN Study on Violence against Children (UNICEF | OHCHR)
UN Special Session on Children
GA on Children
World Summit for Children
The UN Works for Children
Securing the future – advocating for children (UNAIDS)

World Philosophy Day 2014, November 20th.


World Philosophy Day, 20 November.
اليوم العالمي للفلسفة -20 نوفمبر





 Thème 2014: "La transformation sociale et le dialogue interculturel".

World Philosophy Day provides an opportunity to underline once more the importance of critical thinking to understanding changes in contemporary society. Change forces us to find new ways of living together and building fairer societies, but it can also erode trust and spark tension.
In these circumstances, philosophy is an invaluable ally that draws on reflexive reasoning and engagement in dialogue, to open our minds to a wide variety of opinions and views. Such a shift of focus is crucial in a world of rising diversity. This is both the foundation on which tolerance and peace rest and a means of releasing the creative energy that drives societies forward, while respecting human rights.

“ If, by speaking and expressing their view of the world, people change the world, then dialogue is the means by which people find significance in this ”.– this message by Paulo Freire is enshrined in the Philosophy Manual, a South-South perspective, which will be launched officially by UNESCO on World Philosophy Day, produced with the support of Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz International Programme for a Culture of Peace and Dialogue. There is no genuine
philosophy without dialogue and, in a globalized world, dialogue must embrace the diverse strands of wisdom that have influenced people throughout history and which are not always sufficiently detailed or documented in conventional textbooks.

It is this genuine intellectual and philosophical pluralism that will enable us to identify the best viewpoints for the future. By initiating pupils, teachers and the public in the diversity of these traditions, we can lay the foundations for a global community.
I hope that the manual will inspire younger generations of students and teachers and I call on all Member States and our partners to support this initiative and all others that help us to reflect on philosophy with others.

This is the spirit of the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures(2013-2022), and it is this wisdom that UNESCO will continue to promote in order to construct the defences of peace in the minds of men and women, in accordance with its Constitution.

Irina Bokova.









When, local time:  Wednesday, 19 November 2014 - 8:30am to Thursday, 20 November 2014 - 5:00pm
Where: Global.
Type of Event:  Special event.
Contact:  wpd@unesco.org

By celebrating World Philosophy Day each year, on the third Thursday of November, UNESCO underlines the enduring value of philosophy for the development of human thought, for each culture and for each individual. World Philosophy Day 2014 falls on 20 November. Events at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, on 19 and 20 November 2014, will contribute to the overarching question of “Social Transformations and Intercultural Dialogue” with a round table discussion to launch the “Philosophy Manual, A South-South Perspective”, developed with the support of the Abdullah bin Abdulaziz International Programme for a Culture of Peace and Dialogue.

Additional events will take place at UNESCO Headquarters, including in particular a conference on “New Philosophical Practices” and a roundtable on “The contribution of Ali ibn Abi Talib’s thought to a culture of peace and intercultural dialogue”. Events will also take place around the world throughout the month of November.

In establishing World Philosophy Day in 2005, UNESCO’s General Conference highlighted the importance of this discipline, especially for young people, underlining that “philosophy is a discipline that encourages critical and independent thought and is capable of working towards a better understanding of the world and promoting tolerance and peace”. UNESCO's General Conference was convinced that “the institutionalization of Philosophy Day at UNESCO as ‘World Philosophy Day’ would win recognition for and give strong impetus to philosophy and, in particular, to the teaching of philosophy in the world”.

UNESCO leads World Philosophy Day – but does not own it. It belongs to everyone, everywhere, who cares about philosophy. If you would like to have your WPD events mentioned on the UNESCO website, simply send brief details of them to: wpd@unesco.org.
 
Links:  
When, local time: 
Wednesday, 19 November 2014 - 8:30am to Thursday, 20 November 2014 - 5:00pm
Where: 
-
Type of Event: 
Special event
Contact: 
wpd@unesco.org
By celebrating World Philosophy Day each year, on the third Thursday of November, UNESCO underlines the enduring value of philosophy for the development of human thought, for each culture and for each individual. World Philosophy Day 2014 falls on 20 November. Events at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, on 19 and 20 November 2014, will contribute to the overarching question of “Social Transformations and Intercultural Dialogue” with a round table discussion to launch the “Philosophy Manual, A South-South Perspective”, developed with the support of the Abdullah bin Abdulaziz International Programme for a Culture of Peace and Dialogue.
Additional events will take place at UNESCO Headquarters, including in particular a conference on “New Philosophical Practices” and a roundtable on “The contribution of Ali ibn Abi Talib’s thought to a culture of peace and intercultural dialogue”. Events will also take place around the world throughout the month of November.
In establishing World Philosophy Day in 2005, UNESCO’s General Conference highlighted the importance of this discipline, especially for young people, underlining that “philosophy is a discipline that encourages critical and independent thought and is capable of working towards a better understanding of the world and promoting tolerance and peace”. UNESCO's General Conference was convinced that “the institutionalization of Philosophy Day at UNESCO as ‘World Philosophy Day’ would win recognition for and give strong impetus to philosophy and, in particular, to the teaching of philosophy in the world”.
UNESCO leads World Philosophy Day – but does not own it. It belongs to everyone, everywhere, who cares about philosophy. If you would like to have your WPD events mentioned on the UNESCO website, simply send brief details of them to: wpd@unesco.org.
- See more at: http://en.unesco.org/events/world-philosophy-day-2014#sthash.MV0gU6N8.dpuf
Key Documents

World Toilet Day 2014, November 19

 Всемирный день туалета, 19 ноября.
 Día Mundial del Retrete,19 de noviembre.


 Theme 2014 : “Equality, Dignity and the Link Between Gender-Based Violence and Sanitation” 
 «Равенство, достоинство и связь между гендерным насилием и санитарией»
 « Égalité et dignité et le lien entre violence sexiste et l'assainissement » 
 2014年主题:平等与尊严.
موضوع 2014: المساواة والكرامة والصلة بين العنف الجنساني والصرف الصحي


United Nations Secretary-General's Message for World Toilet Day 2014. 


One out of three women around the world lack access to safe toilets.  As a result they face disease, shame and potential violence when they seek a place to defecate.

A staggering 1.25 billion women and girls would enjoy greater health and increased safety with improved sanitation.  Evidence also shows safe and clean toilets encourage girls to stay in school.
We have a moral imperative to end open defecation and a duty to ensure women and girls are not at risk of assault and rape simply because they lack a sanitation facility.  That is why the theme for this year’s World Toilet Day focuses on “Equality, Dignity and the Link Between Gender-Based Violence and Sanitation.”

Addressing the sanitation challenge requires a global partnership.  This is especially crucial as countries work to formulate a sustainable development agenda for the period beyond the year 2015.  Meeting the goal of sanitation for all will involve targeted policies, increased financing, and comprehensive planning underpinned by strong political will.  Communities must be supported as they strive to become open defecation-free.  Advocacy efforts must step up and taboos must be broken.  These are the objectives of the UN Call to Action on Sanitation to mobilize global, national and community efforts to improve hygiene, change social norms and eliminate open defecation by 2025.

On World Toilet Day let us spare no effort to bring equality, dignity and safety to women and girls around the world.  
Ban Ki-moon



Sunday, 16 November 2014

World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims 2014, November 16th

 Theme for 2014 : "Speed kills - design out speeding"

From Global Remembrance to Global Action across the Decade

I am continually inspired by the potential of youth to transform society. The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims is a sobering reminder that crashes are the leading cause of death for people 15 to 29 years old.
Road traffic crashes also claim many younger victims, with more than 500 children killed each day as they travel to and from school, playgrounds and the homes of family and friends. Millions of other people of all ages are seriously injured.
This Day is about compassion and prevention. We mourn those who have perished on the roads. We console grieving families and friends. We raise awareness of the economic hardship so often faced by the bereaved.
Last year on this Day, I was in Lithuania, which is one of many countries seriously addressing this issue. I was deeply moved by the silent spectre of a candlelight vigil in Vilnius featuring one flame for each person who had died on the country’s roads since 1990. Such tributes are a powerful testimony to the need for action.

The focus of this year’s Day on the theme “Speed Kills” points the way forward. A number of governments have moved to address the problem of speeding in the context of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety, which is being observed through the year 2020. China, France, Kenya, the Russian Federation and Turkey are among a growing number of countries adopting new laws, enhancing enforcement and redesigning their roads with speed bumps, rumble strips and other steps to slow traffic.
As we aim to slow traffic, we are accelerating global action against road crashes. Working with partners, the United Nations is carrying out a number of initiatives, including preparing to convene the Second Global High-Level Conference on Road Safety to be hosted by Brazil in November 2015.
On this World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims, let us re-commit to making roads that are safe for all.
Ban Ki-moon
16 November 2014

 
Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020

 Magnitude of the problem, increasing trends,Each year nearly 1.3 million people die as a result of a road traffic collision—more than 3000 deaths each day—and more than half of these people are not travelling in a car. Twenty to fifty million more people sustain non-fatal injuries from a collision, and these injuries are an important cause of disability worldwide. Ninety percent of road traffic deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries, which claim less than half the world's registered vehicle fleet. Road traffic injuries are among the three leading causes of death for people between 5 and 44 yearsof age. Unless immediate and effective action is taken, road traffic injuries are predicted to become the fifth leading cause of death in the world, resulting in an estimated 2.4 million deaths each year. This is, in part, a result of rapid increases in motorization without sufficient improvement in road safety strategies and land use planning. The economic consequences of motor vehicle crashes have been estimated between 1% and 3% of the respective GNP of the world countries, reaching a total over $500 billion. Reducing road casualties and fatalities will reduce suffering, unlock growth and free resources for more productive use.





 Key Road Crash Factors

Speeding


Road speed limits are used in most countries to set the maximum (or minimum in some cases) speed at which road vehicles may legally travel on particular stretches of road. Speed limits may be variable and in some places speeds are unlimited. Speed limits are normally indicated on a traffic sign. Speed limits are commonly set by the legislative bodies of nations or provincial governments and enforced by national or regional police and / or judicial bodies. The first maximum speed limit was the 10 mph (16 km/h) limit introduced in the United Kingdom in 1861. The highest posted speed limit in the world is 140 km/h (87 mph), which applies to some roads in Poland and Bulgaria; similarly Texas posts 85 mph (137 km/h) on one 40-mile long toll road. However, some roads have no speed limit for certain classes of vehicles. Best known are Germany's less congested Autobahns, where automobile drivers have no mandated maximum speed; measurements from the German State of Brandenburg in 2006 showed average speeds of 142 km/h (88 mph) on a 6-lane section of autobahn in free-flowing conditions. Rural areas on the Isle of Man, the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh  and Maharashtra also lack speed limits, but speeds are lower when measured on those lower design roads. Speed limits are usually set to attempt to cap road traffic speed; there are several reasons for wanting to do this. It is often done with an intention to improve road traffic safety and reduce the number of road traffic casualties from traffic collisions.

In their World report on road traffic injury prevention report, the World Health Organization (WHO) identify speed control as one of various interventions likely to contribute to a reduction in road casualties. (The WHO estimated that some 1.2 million people were killed and 50 million injured on the roads around the world in 2004.) Speed limits may also be set in an attempt to reduce the environmental impact of road traffic (vehicle noise, vibration, emissions) and to satisfy local community wishes for streets usable by people out of cars. Some cities have reduced limits to as little as 30 km/h (19 mph) for both safety and efficiency reasons. In situations where the natural road speed is considered too high by governments, notably on urban areas where speed limits below 50 km/h (31 mph) are used then traffic calming is often also used. For some classes of vehicle, speed limiters may be mandated to enforce compliance. Since their introduction, speed limits have been opposed by some motoring advocacy groups.

Impaired Driving (alcohol/drugs/fatigue)


 Use of any psychoactive (mind-altering) drug makes it highly unsafe to drive a car and is illegal—just like driving after drinking alcohol. Drugged driving puts at risk not only the driver but also passengers and others who share the road. After alcohol, THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the active ingredient in marijuana, is the substance most commonly found in the blood of impaired drivers, fatally injured drivers, and motor vehicle crash victims. Studies in several localities have found that approximately 4 to 14 percent of drivers who sustained injury or died in traffic accidents tested positive for THC. Other drugs commonly implicated in accidents include opiates, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, and cocaine. For instance, in a 2003 study of seriously injured drivers admitted to a Maryland shock trauma center, drugs other than alcohol were present in more than half of the cases. These included marijuana (26.9 percent), cocaine (11.6 percent), benzodiazepines (11.2 percent), and opiates and other prescription drugs (10.2 percent). A quarter of the cases involved both alcohol and other drugs... The laws of driving under the influence vary between countries. One difference is the acceptable limit of blood alcohol content before a person is charged with a crime. Driving while either intoxicated or drunk is dangerous and drivers with high blood alcohol content or concentration (BAC) are at greatly increased risk of car accidents, highway injuries and vehicular deaths. Possible prevention measures examined here include establishing DWI courts, suspending or revoking driver licenses, impounding or confiscating vehicle plates, impounding or immobilizing vehicles, enforcing open container bans, increasing penalties such as fines or jail for drunk driving, and mandating alcohol education. Safety seat belts, air bags, designated drivers, and effective practical ways to stay sober are also discussed.

THE PROBLEM :
Every single injury and death caused by drunk driving is totally preventable. Although the proportion of crashes that are alcohol-related has dropped dramatically in recent decades, there are still far too many such preventable accidents. Unfortunately, in spite of great progress, alcohol-impaired driving remains a serious national problem that tragically effects many victims annually. It's easy to forget that dry statistics represent real people and real lives. Therefore, this page is dedicated to the memory of one randomly-selected victim of a drunk driver, young Holli Crockett.

THE FACTS : Most drivers who have had something to drink have low blood alcohol content or concentration (BAC) and few are involved in fatal crashes. On the other hand, while only a few drivers have BACs higher than , a much higher proportion of those drivers have fatal crashes.
 The relative risk of death for drivers in single-vehicle crashes with a high BAC is 385 times that of a zero-BAC driver and for male drivers the risk is 707 times that of a sober driver, according to estimates by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). High BAC drivers tend to be male, aged 25-35, and have a history of DWI convictions and polydrug abuse.

THE SOLUTION  : Drunk driving, like most other social problems, resists simple solutions. However, there are a number of actions, each of which can contribute toward a reduction of the problem: DWI courts, sometimes called DUI courts, sobriety courts, wellness courts or accountability courts have proven effective in reducing the crime of drunken driving (driving while intoxicated or while impaired). Such courts address the problem of hard-core repeat offenders by treating alcohol addiction or alcoholism. The recidivism or failure rate of DWI courts is very low. Automatic license revocation appears to be the single most effective measure to reduce drunk driving. Automatic license revocation along with a mandatory jail sentence appears to be even more effective than just automatic license revocation. Impounding or confiscating license plates.Mandating the installation of interlock devices that prevent intoxicated persons from starting a vehicle. Vehicle impoundment or immobilization. Expanding alcohol server training programs. Implementing social norms programs that correct the misperception that most people sometimes drive under the influence of alcohol. Passing mandatory alcohol and drug testing in fatal crashes would promote successful prosecution of drunk and drugged drivers.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has estimated that 18-20% of injured drivers are using drugs and although drinking is on the decline, drugging is on the increase. However, this figure appears to be much too low. For example: A study of drivers admitted to a Maryland trauma center found that 34% tested positive for drugs only, while 16% tested positive for alcohol only. Think When You Drink sign A study by the Addiction Research Foundation of vehicle crash victims who tested positive for either legal or illegal substances found that just 15% had consumed only alcohol. In a large study of almost 3,400 fatally injured drivers from three Australian states, drugs other than alcohol were present in 26.7% of the cases. Fewer than 10% of the cases involved both alcohol and drugs.NIDA’s Monitoring the Future survey indicated that in 2004, 12.7% of high school seniors in the U.S. reported driving under the influence of marijuana and .2% reported driving under the influence of alcohol in the two weeks prior to the survey. In the State of Maryland’s Adolescent Survey,.8% of the state’s licensed, 12th grade drivers reported driving under the influence of marijuana during the year before the survey. Intoxicated handwriting graphic MADD Canada is to be commended for recognizing this serious but generally unrecognized problem and including the reduction of drugged driving as a major goal. Of course, fighting drugged driving must not detract us from working to reduce drunken driving.

Promising but inadequately evaluated measures include: Marking the license plate to indicate ownership in the family of someone whose driver's license is suspended or revoked for alcohol offenses. Passing and enforcing bans on open containers would probably reduce drunk driving by deterring drinking while driving. Surprisingly, some states have vehicular no open container laws. Imposing graded or multi-tiered penalties based on BAC at the time of arrest. This policy is virtually universal with regard to speeding. Restricting nighttime driving by young people. This appears to be effective in those states with such restrictions. Electronically monitoring repeat DWI offenders.Involving drivers in identifying and reporting possibly drunken drivers to law enforcement authorities by dialing 911 on their cell phones. See Help Police Stop Drunken Drivers Requiring every state to provide adequate information on alcohol and driving to prospective drivers and adequately testing them on the subject in their driver's exams. In too many states, the subject is given only brief mention and do not include any information or testing in the process of obtaining a driver's license. Some actually provide factually incorrect information. All of these very promising measures should be rigorously evaluated scientifically to determine their potential contribution to improving safety.
Measures of little or no value: Incarceration. Jail or prison sentences for alcohol offenses, in spite of their great popularity, appear to be of little value in deterring high BAC drivers. In short, it appears that we can’t "jail our way out of the problem." The perception of swift and certain punishment is more important than severity. Large fines appear have little deterrent effect, according to research. Increasing the cost of alcohol with increased taxation would have virtually no impact on reducing drunk driving. Both research and common sense suggest that heavy drinkers are not deterred by cost and most minors who drink don’t pay for or purchase their beverages.

Improved roads and vehicles can contribute significantly to increased highway safety. Technological improvements include raised lane markers, which are easier to see and also emit a startling sound when a tire wanders over them. Similarly corrugations along the edges of roads emit a sound when driven over, thus alerting inattentive drivers to their inappropriate location. Wider roads, improved street and highway lighting, break-away sign posts, brake lights positioned at eye level, door crash bars, and many other improvements can save lives and be cost-effective.

PROTECT YOURSELF : While society has done much to improve highway safety, you can do much to protect yourself. Don't drink and drive and don't ride with anyone who has too much to drink. Remember, it is usually themselves and their passengers who are harmed by drunk drivers.The risk of collision for high BAC drivers is dramatically higher than for a non-drinking driver. Relative Risk of Fatal Crash graph Volunteer to be a designated driver. Always use a safety seat belt. Use four-lane highways whenever possible. Avoid rural roads. Avoid travel after midnight (especially on Fridays and Saturdays).
Drive defensively. Choose vehicles with airbags. Refer to safety ratings before selecting your next vehicle. "Buying A Safer Car" includes safety ratings of cars, vans, and sport utility vehicles by year, make, and model. Never use illegal drugs. Illicit drugs are involved in a large proportion of traffic fatalities. Never drive when fatigued. The dangers posed when fatigued are similar to those when intoxicated. A drunk or fatigued driver has slowed reactions and impaired judgement. And a driver who nods off at the wheel has no reactions and no judgement! Drivers who drift off cause about 72,500 injuries and deaths each and every year. Don't use a car phone, put on make-up, comb your hair, or eat while driving. Drivers using cellular phones are four times more likely to have an accident than other drivers. Steer clear of aggressive drivers. Aggressive drivers may be responsible for more deaths than drunk drivers. If you must drive after drinking, stay completely sober: Don't be fooled. The contents of the typical bottle or can of beer, glass of wine, or liquor drink (mixed drink or straight liquor) each contain virtually identical amounts of pure alcohol. When it comes to alcohol, a drink is a drink is a drink and are all the same to a breathalyzer.

For more, visit Standard Drinks. Drink Safely graphic

Know your limit. 

If you are not sure, experiment at home with your spouse or some other responsible individual. Explain what you are attempting to learn. Most people find that they can consume one drink per hour without any ill effects. Also, experiment with the Blood Alcohol Educator, which is very informative and useful. Eat food while you drink. Food, especially high protein food such as meat, cheese and peanuts, will help slow the absorption of alcohol into your body. Sip your drink. If you gulp a drink, you lose the pleasure of savoring its flavors and aromas. Don't participate in "chugging" contests or other drinking games. Accept a drink only when you really want one. If someone tries to force a drink on you, ask for a non-alcohol beverage instead. If that doesn't work, "lose" your drink by setting it down somewhere and leaving it. Skip a drink now and then. Having a non-alcoholic drink between alcoholic ones will help keep your blood alcohol content level down, as does spacing out your alcoholic drinks A good general guideline for most people is to limit consumption of alcohol beverages to one drink (beer, wine or spirits) per hour. Keep active; don't just sit around and drink. If you stay active you tend to drink less and to be more aware of any effects alcohol may be having on you. Beware of unfamiliar drinks. Some drinks, such as zombies and other fruit drinks, can be deceiving as the alcohol content is not detectable. Therefore, it is difficult to space them properly. Use alcohol carefully in connection with pharmaceuticals. Ask your physician or pharmacist about any precautions or prohibitions and follow any advice received.

PROTECT OTHERS : Designated Driver graphic Volunteer to be a designated driver. Never condone or approve of excessive alcohol consumption. Intoxicated behavior is potentially dangerous and never amusing. Don't ever let your friends drive drunk. Take their keys, have them stay the night, have them ride home with someone else, call a cab, or do whatever else is necessary - but don't let them drive! Be a good host: Create a setting conducive to easy, comfortable socializing: soft, gentle music; low levels of noise; comfortable seating. This encourages conversation and social interaction rather than heavy drinking. Serve food before beginning to serve drinks. This de-emphasizes the importance of alcohol and also sends the message that intoxication is not desirable. Have a responsible bartender. If you plan to ask a friend or relative to act as bartender, make sure that person is not a drink pusher who encourages excessive consumption. Don't have an "open bar." A responsible person needs to supervise consumption to ensure that no one drinks too much. You have both a moral and a legal responsibility to make sure that none of your guests drink too much. Pace the drinks. Serve drinks at regular reasonable intervals. A drink-an-hour schedule is a good guide. Push snacks. Make sure that people are eating.

Be sure to offer a diversity of attractive non-alcohol drinks. . Respect anyone's choice not to drink. Remember that about one-third of American adults choose not to drink and that a guest's reason for not drinking is the business of the guest only, not of the host. Never put anyone on the defence for not drinking. End your gathering properly. Decide when you want the party to end and stop serving drinks well before that time. Then begin serving coffee along with substantial snacks. This provides essential non-drinking time before your guests leave. Protect others and yourself by never driving if you think, or anyone else thinks, that you might have had too much to drink. It's always best to use a designated driver. Alcoho-Related Traffic Fatalities graphs

THE GOOD NEWS  : We can do it! While we must do even more to reduce drunk driving, we have already accomplished a great deal. Alcohol-related traffic fatalities have dropped from 60% of all traffic deaths in 1982 down to 31% in 2010. 34 Alcohol-related traffic fatalities per vehicle miles driven have also dropped dramatically -- from 1.64 deaths per 100 million miles traveled in 1982 down to 0.45 in 2006 (the latest year for which such statistics are available). 35 The proportion of alcohol-related crash fatalities has fallen 52% since 1982, but the proportion of traffic deaths NOT associated with alcohol has jumped 78% during the same time. We're clearly winning the battle against alcohol-related traffic deaths. 36 We can and must do even better Remember, don't ever, ever drive if you, or anyone else, thinks that you may have had too much to drink. And don't let anyone else. That includes reporting drivers who may be drunk. It's always safest not to drink and drive.

NOTE: The "Drink Safely" (thumb up) designs is a registered trademark of Coors Brewing Company and used with its permission. http://drowsydriving.org/about/facts-and-stats/ Facts and Stats According to the National Sleep Foundation’s 2005 Sleep in America poll, 60% of adult drivers – about 168 million people – say they have driven a vehicle while feeling drowsy in the past year, and more than one-third, (37% or 103 million people), have actually fallen asleep at the wheel! In fact, of those who have nodded off, 13% say they have done so at least once a month. Four percent – approximately eleven million drivers – admit they have had an accident or near accident because they dozed off or were too tired to drive. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration conservatively estimates that 100,000 police-reported crashes are the direct result of driver fatigue each year. This results in an estimated 1,550 deaths, 71,000 injuries, and $12.5 billion in monetary losses. These figures may be the tip of the iceberg, since currently it is difficult to attribute crashes to sleepiness.

 Driver Fatigue and Road Accidents: Driver fatigue is a serious problem resulting in many thousands of road accidents each year. It is not possible to calculate the exact number of sleep related accidents but research shows that driver fatigue may be a contributory factor in up to 20% of road accidents, and up to one quarter of fatal and serious accidents. These types of crashes are about 50% more likely to result in death or serious injury as they tend to be high speed impacts because a driver who has fallen asleep cannot brake or swerve to avoid or reduce the impact. http://www.optalert.com/news/driver-fatigue-symptoms-cause-and-effects Driver fatigue: symptoms, cause and effects Wednesday, July 31, 2013 by Dr Andrew Tucker Being fatigued significantly increases the risk of a crash. It makes us less aware of what is happening on the road and impairs our ability to respond quickly and safely if a dangerous situation arises. Driver fatigue is believed to contribute to more than 30% of road crashes.

Deficient Road Infrastructure


Road infrastructure safety plays a key role in influencing the likelihood and severity of a road crash. A footpath for a pedestrian, safe roadsides, separation of high speed oncoming traffic, cycle and motorcycle lanes, safe intersections and good speed management can all be the difference between life and death. The international Road Assessment Programme (www.irap.org) has found that more that 50% of roads assessed worldwide are in the lowest two 1-star and 2-star categories (where 5-star is the safest). As an example more than 80% of roads assessed where there are pedestrians have no footpath; half of all high speed roads with sharp curves have dangerous roadsides (trees, poles and embankments). More free information on the role of safer roads is available at http://toolkit.irap.org/

Non Use of Seat Belts
Seat belt legislation requires the fitting of seat belts to motor vehicles and the wearing of seat belts by motor vehicle occupants. Laws requiring the fitting of seat belts to cars have in some cases been followed by laws mandating their use, with the effect that thousands of deaths on the road have been prevented. Different laws apply in different countries to the wearing of seat belts.

Non Use of Child Restraints
Child Restraint Guidelines - Keeping children as safe as possible while travelling in motor vehicles The National Guidelines for the Safe Restraint of Children Travelling in Motor Vehicles have been developed by Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA) and Kidsafe - The Child Accident Prevention Foundation of Australia. The National Guidelines provide best practice recommendations that have been approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). NeuRA and Kidsafe want to see all children as safe as they can be when travelling in cars. Ensuring that parents receive straightforward, consistent advice from all sources on how to keep children safe in cars is an important step in making this happen.

Failing to Wear Motorcycle Helmets


A motorcycle helmet is a type of helmet (protective headgear) used by motorcycle riders. The primary goal of a motorcycle helmet is motorcycle safety - to protect the rider's head during impact, thus preventing or reducing head injury and saving the rider's life. Some helmets provide additional conveniences, such as ventilation, face shields, ear protection, intercom etc. Motorcyclists are at high risk in traffic crashes. A 2008 systematic review examined studies on motorcycle riders who had crashed and looked at helmet use as an intervention. The review concluded that helmets reduce the risk of head injury by around 69% and death by around 42%. Although it was once speculated that wearing a motorcycle helmet increased neck and spinal injuries in a crash, recent evidence has shown the opposite to be the case, that helmets protect against cervical spine injury, and that an often-cited small study dating to the mid-1980s, "used flawed statistical reasoning"

Cell-Phone Use/Texting


Texting and Driving Statistics Texting while driving is a growing trend, and a national epidemic, quickly becoming one of the country’s top killers. Drivers assume they can handle texting while driving and remain safe, but the numbers don’t lie.

Texting While Driving Causes:
1. 1,600,000 accidents per year – National Safety Council
2. 330,000 injuries per year – Harvard Center for Risk Analysis Study
3. 11 teen deaths EVERY DAY – Ins. Institute for Hwy Safety Fatality Facts
4. Nearly 25% of ALL car accidents

Texting While Driving Is:
1. About 6 times more likely to cause an accident than driving intoxicated
2. The same as driving after 4 beers – National Hwy Transportation Safety Admin.
3. The number one driving distraction reported by teen drivers Texting

 While Driving:
1. Makes you 23X more likely to crash – National Hwy Transportation Safety Admin.
2. Is the same as driving blind for 5 seconds at a time – VA. Tech Transportation Institute .
3.Takes place by 800,000 drivers at any given time across the country.
4.Slows your brake reaction speed by 18% – HumanFactors & Ergonomics Society
5. Leads to a 400% increase with eyes off the road



Join the forum : World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims - November 16


Resources : 
 The Global status report on road safety 2013
 Let’s make 2011-2020 a decade to remember! *based on Global Plan
EventsWorldwide Remembrance
Events around the globe by continent and year; View summary of 2014 events:here 

Saturday, 15 November 2014

International Day for Tolerance 2014, November 16th.


Día Internacional para la Tolerancia, 16 de noviembre.





We live in an era of rising and violent extremism, radicalism and widening conflicts that are characterized by a fundamental disregard for human life. There are more people displaced by fighting today than at any period since the end of the Second World War. Innocent lives are being lost in senseless clashes around the world. The youngest victims are robbed of their childhoods, conscripted and abused, or even kidnapped simply for wanting an education.
Democratic and peaceful societies are not immune from prejudice and violence. There is growing hostility and discrimination towards people crossing borders in search of asylum or opportunities denied to them at home. Hate crimes and other forms of intolerance mar too many communities, often stoked by irresponsible leaders seeking political gain.
I have strongly urged world leaders to protect people from persecution and to encourage tolerance for all regardless of nationality, religion, language, race, sexuality or any other distinction that obscures our common humanity.
The International Day of Tolerance is an opportunity to reaffirm our commitment to work for the recognition and protection of universal human rights and fundamental freedoms that is so essential to lasting peace.
The United Nations is committed to strengthening tolerance by fostering mutual understanding among cultures and peoples. This imperative lies at the core of the United Nations Charter as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Promoting tolerance is also a key objective of the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures being observed through 2022.  And the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations is paving the path to greater cross-cultural understanding.
On this International Day of Tolerance, I call on all people and governments to actively combat fear, hatred and extremism with dialogue, understanding and mutual respect. Let us advance against the forces of division and unite for our shared future.

Ban Ki-moon


Winners of our 2014 prize for tolerance & non-violence inspire us all in the quest for peace




Tolerance is a fundamental principle of life in society, stemming naturally from respect for human rights and human dignity. It is a principle that is more relevant now than ever and it is under serious threat. Cultural diversity is being targeted by extremist groups seeking to impose their sectarian vision on the world, and minorities are being persecuted, falling victim to attempts at “cultural cleansing”. Within societies, economic and social crises are sometimes used as a pretext for
blaming and rejecting others. In tackling these challenges, we must reaffirm with determination the need for tolerance by recalling that every culture is worthy of respect and that no belief deserves the hatred or scorn of others.
This message is central to all of UNESCO’s action, guided by the conviction that lasting peace must be constructed in the minds of men and women, by nurturing the principles of tolerance and mutual respect through education, the dialogue among cultures and intellectual cooperation. In a globalizing world, it is no longer enough to live side by side, in passive indifference – tolerance requires active vigilance, renewed each day, against xenophobia, discrimination and hatred. We
learn through tolerance to reconcile the universal rights that bind us together with the diversity that gives us so much, and to see that we need others, in all their diversity, so that we can be fully ourselves.
More than words, tolerance is behaviour that is also learnt in the classroom. It takes the form of openness to the diversity of cultures and beliefs and respect for freedom of expression and opinion, rooted in attachment to human rights. This is the spirit of the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022), for which UNESCO is lead agency in the United Nations system. It is also the objective of the UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence, awarded this year to two human rights activists – Mr Ibrahim Ag Idbaltanat (Mali) and M. Francisco Javier Estévez Valencia (Chile).
UNESCO is committed to promoting tolerance through its educational and cultural programmes, through the International Coalition of Cities against Racism and through the mobilization of young people and global citizenship education. On the occasion of this international day, I call on all of UNESCO’s Member States and partners to reassert the transformational power of tolerance as a force for dialogue and peace.

Irina Bokova




 UNESCO is committed to promoting tolerance through its educational and cultural programmes, through the International Coalition of Cities against Racism and through the mobilization of young people and global citizenship education. On the occasion of this international day, I call on all of UNESCO’s Member States and partners to reassert the transformational power of tolerance as a force for dialogue and peace.


 Events :


 Tolerance is a fundamental principle of life in society, stemming naturally from respect for human rights and human dignity. 
 
Resources :  

UNESCO 
 
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

World Diabetes Day 2014, November 14




Theme 2014 : Healthy eating begins with Breakfast.


World Diabetes Day 2014 will promote healthy breakfast activity under its theme Go Blue for Breakfast. World Diabetes Day was created in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation and World Health Organization (WHO).
The 2014 edition aims to highlight the importance of eating healthy to help prevent type 2 diabetes and avoid the serious complications of diabetes. The initiative promotes the benefits of starting the day with a healthy breakfast, which can help individuals manage their weight and, for people living with diabetes, keep blood glucose levels stable.

Join the Forum :  November 14 - World Diabetes Day.

Sunday, 9 November 2014

World Science Day for Peace and Development 2014, November 10.

Día Mundial de la Ciencia para la Paz y el Desarrollo, 10 de noviembre.
Journée Mondiale de la Science au service de la Paix et du développement, 10 novembre.
 World Science Day for Peace and Development , 10 november.
 Всемирный день науки в интересах мира и развития, 10 ноября.
.اليوم العالمي للعلوم من أجل السلام والتنمية لعام




“ Enseñanza científica de calidad para erigir un futuro sostenible para todos ’
"Quality Science Education: securing a sustainable future for all "
«Качественное научное образование в интересах обеспечения устойчивого будущего для всех»
"Enseignement scientifique de qualité : assurer un avenir durable pour tous."
"التعليم الجيد للعلوم: ضمان مستق "






 Message from Ms Irina Bokova,Director- General of UNESCO on the occasion of the World Science Day for Peace and Development,10 November 2014.


More than ever, in this new age of limited resources,we need to nurture the boundless energy and creativity of young women and men to tackle complex new challenges. Quality science education is vital for this, to lay the foundations for a more sustainable future for all.
We need concerted action today to halt the decline of enrolment of young people in science, startingatan early age. It is not enough to put science in the school curriculum--wemustbuild a supportive environment,by crafting educational policies that give equal access to girls and boys and by investing in laboratories and resources where they can take the lead. We must recognize the importance of traditional and indigenous knowledge, while also harnessing new information and communication technologies for innovation and creativity. All of this is essential to foster more equitable and inclusive growth and to improve employability and entrepreneurial opportunities, while strengthening social resilience and health.


To these ends, UNESCO is working to integrate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) into national development and education policies, in such countries as Tanzania, Kenya, Nigeria and Seychelles. In September, we launched the Global STEM Alliance with the New York Academy of Sciences, to connect the dots between government, the United Nations, the private sector and academia, on an issue at heart of all efforts to build a sustainable future. Girls and women are a special focus of UNESCO’s action-- through the L’Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science programme, to inspire and support girls and women into scientific careers, as well as through the UNESCO Global Partnership for Girls’ and Women’s Education. We need new alliances to take our vision forward–across the United Nations system, with Member States, within and between societies.


This is why, on this World Science Day for Peace and Development , UNESCO is launching with Roche and Nature Education the UNESCO World Library of Science--a free online resource for science learning, which contains hundreds of peer-reviewed articles, using text, pictures, illustrations and videos to make scientific concepts easy tounderstand. Quality science education is a pillar for a more sustainable future–
we must invest in it, to empower every woman and man, to catalyse the innovation and creativity we need for the century ahead.

This is UNESCO’s message today.
Irina Bokova

Established by UNESCO in 2001, the World Science Day for Peace and Development is celebrated worldwide on 10 November each year. The day offers an opportunity to mobilize various partners to highlight the important role of science in society and to engage the wider public in debates on emerging scientific issues and the relevance of science in their daily lives.

The theme for the 2014 World Science day for Peace and Development is promoting Quality Science Education: ensuring a sustainable future for all. 


Publications : Current Challenges in Basic Science Education - UNESCO






Forum :  World Science Day for Peace and Development - 10 November





Events : The main activity for WSDPD at UNESCO's headquarters will be the Launch of the UNESCO World Library of Science. A UNESCO – Nature Publishing – Roche initiative, The World Library of Science (WLoS) is a free online science resource for a global community of users. It contains hundreds of peer-reviewed articles that use text, pictures, illustrations and videos to make scientific concepts easy to understand. The online library will also provide supportive discussions spaces and classroom tools for both teachers and students.

 The ceremony will take place at UNESCO Headquarters (Room IV, Fontenoy Building) on Monday 10 November 2014 from 10:30 a.m. until noon.This activity is coordinated by Mr Osman Benchikh, Mr. Julio Sa Rego, and Mr. Alex Da Silva. For more information, please do not hesitate to contact Mr Julio Sa Rego ( j.sa-rego@unesco.org /+33145684132).









Ongoing activities for WSDPD at UNESCO's headquarters
1. The Exhibition on the history of genetics “60 years of DNA”, Miro 1 & 2, coordinated by Mr. Casimiro Vizzini
Identifying the components of the human genome and understanding their influence and effects on the human body have led to great medical advances and the beginning of a new era in medicine. In this framework, the exhibition aims to show the significant advances in the field of genetics that have been done over the last 61 years since the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA, the basic building block of life. The exhibition will cover the history of genetics with a series of images, explanatory texts and timeline representing the main milestones in the history of genetics.

2. Micro Science Demonstrations, Foyer Room I, coordinated by Mr. Osman Benchikh and Mr. Jean-Paul Ngome Abiaga and Ms. Amel Korishi
The Global Microscience Experiments Project is a hands-on science education project that gives secondary school students and university students the opportunity to conduct practical work in chemistry, physics and biology, using kits – veritable portative mini-laboratories made with low-cost material – that come with booklets describing all possible scientific experiments.

3. Crystal-growth Experiment and competition, Foyer Room I, coordinated by Mr Jean-Paul Ngome Abiaga

The Crystal-growth experiment and competition – a flagship activity of the United Nations International Year of Crystallography (IYCr2014) – aims to equip students aged between 7 and 16 years in crystallography using fun and rewarding scientific experimentations to grow large and regular-shaped crystals from saturated solution. During the activity the students work in consultation with their teachers to learn how to dissolve samples of different materials and to test the effects of changing temperature, water softness or other environmental conditions on the crystals. Students may post their results on the IYCr2014 website, and help in analyzing the growth in the data collected from all over the world to determine the best conditions for growing crystals.

4. Robotics Workshop, Foyer Room I, coordinated by Ms. Rovani Sigamoney

Robogals is an international, not-for-profit, student-run organization that aims to increase female participation in Engineering, Science and Technology through fun and educational initiatives aimed at girls in primary and secondary school. More specifically, Robogals UK will offer students the opportunity to learn basic principles of robotics through hands-on activities. The students will learn to program a CPU with a series of commands using a simple, visual interface, to use components such as light sensors, colour sensors, sound sensors, motors, sound outputs, etc. to make the robots pick up red or blue balls. In doing so, the students will understand how robots can ‘sense’ objects, and how they can be (and are) used in society. The workshop also includes a brief introduction to the different types of engineering, and how engineers impact our daily lives.

Kano kits will also be on display, a computer and coding kit suitable for all ages, all over the world to start coding and gain knowledge about electronics and the components of a computer. It is the perfect educational tool to introduce someone to electronics, programming, robotics and much more. The Kano programming language uses graphic code blocks to implement a simple but powerful language reminiscent of BASIC. Over 18,000 people from over 80 countries have preordered Kano in the last 9 months (including Steve Wozniak, Cofounder, Apple).

5. The geometry of crystals explained to pupils, Foyer Room I, coordinated by Mr Jean-Paul Ngome Abiaga
'Mon cailloux raconte une histoire : les minéraux font de la géométrie' is a hands-on interactive workshop where pupils can experience the geometry of crystals in a fun and educational environment. The aim is to use minerals as a multidisciplinary learning tool in mathematics and crystallography. The workshop uses observations and experiments that different civilizations used and which led to the current definition of a crystal – a solid body that has an orderly and repetitive internal atomic structure. From ancient Greece to modern times, the history of crystallography is punctuated by anecdotal or scientific discoveries. Through fun experiences featuring simple materials (sugar, salt, toothpick) participants are invited to explore the history of science.

6. Experiencing Mathematics, Foyer Room I, coordinated by Mr Jean-Paul Ngome Abiaga

The “Experiencing Mathematics” activity – a UNESCO/Centre Sciences/ICMI joint programme developed during the World Mathematical Year 2000 – is a hands-on educative tool based on active learning methodology. It exists in French, English, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic, and all the experiments are conceived so that they can be replicated easily. The main objectives of the Mathematics Exhibition “Experiencing Mathematics” are to: (i) raise public, especially young people, awareness and interest in mathematics concepts and applications; (ii) demonstrate that mathematics is within everyone’s reach, that, conversely to what is generally assumed, a good grasp of basic mathematical properties can be understood and achieved by the majority, and that important mathematical ideas can be made widely accessible; (iii) show that current curricula can be improved with the use of hands-on mathematics experiments, which develop scientific thinking as well as mathematical tools to solve problems concerning daily life experiences ; (iv) demonstrate not only that mathematics is indispensable and everywhere but that it is interesting, challenging and fun as well; (v) attract youth to mathematics-related careers. (For virtual experiences please follow: www.MathEx.org, www.ExperiencingMaths.org)