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Wednesday, 23 April 2014

World Malaria Day 2014, 25 April.

 



Global efforts to control and eliminate malaria have saved an estimated 3.3 million lives since 2000, reducing malaria mortality rates by 42% globally and 49% in Africa. Increased political commitment and expanded funding have helped to reduce malaria incidence by 25% globally, and 31% in Africa.

But we are not there yet. Malaria still kills an estimated 627 000 people every year, mainly children under 5 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2013, 97 countries had on-going malaria transmission.
Every year, more than 200 million cases occur; most of these cases are never tested or registered. Emerging drug and insecticide resistance threaten to reverse recent gains.
If the world is to maintain and accelerate progress against malaria, in line with Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 6, and to ensure attainment of MDGs 4 and 5, more funds are urgently required.

The theme for 2014 and 2015 is: Invest in the future. Defeat malaria

 

 

Goal: energize commitment to fight malaria

World Malaria Day was instituted by WHO Member States during the World Health Assembly of 2007. It is an occasion to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control. It is also an opportunity:
  • for countries in affected regions to learn from each other's experiences and support each other's efforts;
  • for new donors to join a global partnership against malaria;
  • for research and academic institutions to flag scientific advances to both experts and the general public; and
  • for international partners, companies and foundations to showcase their efforts and reflect on how to further scale up interventions.

World Malaria Day is a chance to shine a spotlight on the global effort to control malaria. Each year, Roll Back Malaria (RBM) partner organisations unite around a common World Malaria Day theme. Invest in the future: defeat malaria is a three-year theme partners chose for the period of 2013-2015 to call attention to the need to reach the 2015 Millennium Development Goals and defeat malaria in the future.

On the occasion of World Malaria Day 2014, we spoke with the Right Honourable Stephen O'Brien, MP, global advocate for the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, about his time in the Sahel collecting mosquitoes, the role of parliamentarians in this fight, the post 2015 agenda, and the importance of continuing to invest in the fight against malaria.
 

El tema para 2014 y 2015 es: Invertir en el futuro. Derrotar el paludismo.

Objetivo: potenciar el compromiso para luchar contra el paludismo

El Día Mundial del Paludismo se instituyó a instancias de los Estados Miembros de la OMS durante la Asamblea Mundial de la Salud de 2007. Es una ocasión para poner de relieve la necesidad de inversiones continuas y de un compromiso político duradero para la prevención y el control del paludismo. Es también una oportunidad para que:
  • los países de las regiones afectadas aprovechen las experiencias de los demás y se presten apoyo mutuo;
  • los nuevos donantes se adhieran a una alianza mundial contra el paludismo;
  • las instituciones de investigación y académicas expongan sus adelantos científicos a los expertos y el público en general: y
  • los asociados internacionales, las empresas y las fundaciones den a conocer sus actividades y reflexionen sobre el modo de intensificar las intervenciones. 

Тема Всемирного дня борьбы против малярии в 2014 и 2015 годах — Инвестировать в будущее. Победить малярию.

Цель: усилить приверженность делу борьбы против малярии

Всемирный день борьбы против малярии был учрежден государствами-членами ВОЗ на сессии Всемирной ассамблеи здравоохранения в 2007 году. В этот день предоставляется возможность подчеркнуть необходимость постоянных инвестиций и устойчивой политической приверженности для профилактики малярии и борьбы с ней, в том числе:
  • для стран в охваченных малярией регионах изучить опыт работы и оказать взаимную поддержку;
  • для новых доноров присоединиться к глобальному партнерству в области борьбы против малярии;
  • для научно-исследовательских и учебных институтов ознакомить с научными достижениями экспертов и широкую общественность; и
  • для международных партнеров, компаний и фондов продемонстрировать свою деятельность и задуматься о том, как расширить масштабы проводимых мероприятий.
 
Le thème pour 2014 et 2015 est: Investir dans l’avenir. Vaincre le paludisme

Objectif: dynamiser l’engagement à combattre le paludisme

La Journée mondiale de lutte contre le paludisme a été instituée par les États Membres de l’OMS lors l’Assemblée mondiale de la Santé de 2007. Elle est l’occasion de souligner la nécessité de poursuivre les investissements et de maintenir l’engagement politique en faveur de la lutte antipaludique. C’est également l’occasion:
  • pour les pays des régions touchées, d’apprendre de l’expérience des autres et de soutenir mutuellement leurs efforts;
  • pour de nouveaux donateurs, de rejoindre le partenariat mondial contre le paludisme;
  • pour les établissements universitaires et de recherche, de faire connaître les progrès scientifiques aussi bien aux experts qu’au grand public;
  • pour les partenaires internationaux, les entreprises et les fondations, de mettre en exergue leurs efforts et de réfléchir à la façon de développer encore les interventions.

2014年和2015年世界防治疟疾日的主题是:投资未来,击败疟疾。

目标:加强与疟疾作斗争的承诺

世卫组织会员国在2007年世界卫生大会期间设立世界防治疟疾日。在这一天,我们要强调有必要在预防和控制疟疾方面继续投资并保持政治承诺。这也是一个契机:
  • 受影响地区各国可以相互交流经验并相互支持;
  • 新的捐助方可以加入遏制疟疾的全球伙伴关系;
  • 研究和学术机构可以向专家和公众说明科学方面的进展;
  • 国际伙伴、公司和基金会可以展示自己的努力并反思如何进一步扩大干预措施。


والموضوع المعتمد لعامي 2014 و2015 هو التالي: الاستثمار في المستقبل هزيمة الملاريا.

الهدف المنشود: تنشيط الالتزام بمكافحة الملاريا

أنشأت الدول الأعضاء في المنظمة خلال جمعية الصحة العالمية المعقودة في عام 2007 يوم الملاريا العالمي الذي يتيح فرصة لتسليط الأضواء على ضرورة استمرار الاستثمار وتواصل الالتزام السياسي للوقاية من الملاريا ومكافحتها فضلاً عن فرصة لتحقيق ما يلي:
  • أن تستخلص البلدان في الأقاليم المتضررة الدروس بعضها من تجارب بعض ويدعم بعضها بعضاً؛
  • أن تنضم الجهات المانحة الجديدة إلى شراكة عالمية لمكافحة الملاريا؛
  • أن تُطلع مؤسسات البحث والمؤسسات الأكاديمية الخبراء وعامة الجمهور على التطورات العلمية؛
  • أن تعرض الجهات الشريكة والشركات والمؤسسات الدولية جهودها وتفكر في سبل مواصلة تكثيف التدخلات.



World Book and Copyright Day 2014, 23 April.

Message from Ms Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Book and Copyright Day - See more at: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/events/prizes-and-celebrations/celebrations/international-days/world-book-and-copyright-day-2014/#sthash.4lXNDQeh.dpuf
World Book and Copyright Day is on April 23. It pays a worldwide tribute to books and authors, encouraging everyone, and in particular young people, to discover the pleasure of reading.

Message from Ms Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Book and Copyright Day - See more at: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/events/prizes-and-celebrations/celebrations/international-days/world-book-and-copyright-day-2014/#sthash.4lXNDQeh.dpuf
Message from Ms Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Book and Copyright Day - See more at: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/events/prizes-and-celebrations/celebrations/international-days/world-book-and-copyright-day-2014/#sthash.4lXNDQeh.dpu

 
Message from UNESCO's Director-General on World Book and Copyright Day 2014.

The history of the written word is the history of humanity.
The power of books to advance individual fulfilment and to create social change is unequalled. Intimate and yet deeply social, books provide far-reaching forms of dialogue between individuals, within communities and across time.
As Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani schoolgirl who was shot by the Taliban for attending classes, said in her speech at the United Nations:
Let us pick up our books and our pens. They are our most powerful weapons.
On World Book and Copyright Day, UNESCO invites all women and men to rally around books and all those who write and produce books. This is a day to celebrate books as the embodiment of human creativity and the desire to share ideas and knowledge, to inspire understanding and tolerance.
Books are not immune from a world of change, embodied in the advent of digital formats and the transition to open licensing for knowledge-sharing. This means more uncertainty but also new opportunity -- including for innovative business models in the world of publishing. Change is raising sharp questions about the definition of the book and the meaning of authorship in the digital era. UNESCO is leading from the front in the new debates about the dematerialization of books and the rights of authors.
By championing copyright and open access, UNESCO stands up for creativity, diversity and equal access to knowledge. We work across the board – from the Creative Cities of Literature network to promoting literacy and mobile learning and advancing Open Access to scientific knowledge and educational resources. For instance, in partnership with Nokia and Worldreader, UNESCO is striving to harness mobile technology to support literacy. To this end, on 23 April, we will release two new publications -- Reading in the Mobile Era.
In the same spirit, Port Harcourt in Nigeria has been named as the 2014 World Book Capital, on account of the quality of its programme, in particular its focus on youth and the impact it will have on improving Nigeria’s culture of books, reading, writing and publishing to improve literacy rates. Taking effect on World Book and Copyright Day, this initiative is supported by UNESCO, along with the International Publishers Association, the International Booksellers Federation and the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions.
In all of this, our goal is clear – to encourage authors and artists and to ensure that more women and men benefit from literacy and accessible formats, because books are our most powerful forces of poverty eradication and peace building.

                                                                                                                   Irina Bokova





La historia de la palabra escrita es la historia de la humanidad.
El poder de los libros para fomentar la realización personal y generar cambios sociales no tiene parangón. Íntimos y a la vez profundamente sociales, los libros abren amplios caminos de diálogo entre las personas, dentro de las comunidades y a través del tiempo.
Como dijo en su discurso en las Naciones Unidas Malala Yousafzai, la alumna pakistaní a la que dispararon los talibanes por asistir a clase:
«Tomemos nuestros libros y nuestros bolígrafos, que son nuestras armas más poderosas».
En el Día Mundial del Libro y del Derecho de Autor, la UNESCO invita a todas las mujeres y a todos los hombres a mostrar su apoyo al libro y a todos aquellos que escriben y producen libros. Este es un día para celebrar el libro como la materialización de la creatividad humana y del deseo de compartir ideas y conocimientos, de inspirar entendimiento y tolerancia.
El libro no es inmune a un mundo cambiante, caracterizado por la llegada de los formatos digitales y la transición hacia las licencias abiertas para el intercambio de conocimientos. Esto supone mayor incertidumbre, pero también nuevas oportunidades, en particular para los modelos empresariales innovadores en el mundo editorial. Este cambio está planteando profundos interrogantes sobre la definición del libro y el significado de la autoría en la era digital. La UNESCO ha asumido un liderazgo activo en los nuevos debates sobre la desmaterialización del libro y los derechos de los autores.
Al abogar por el derecho de autor y el libre acceso, la UNESCO defiende la creatividad, la diversidad y la igualdad de acceso al conocimiento. Trabajamos en todos los frentes, desde las Ciudades de la Literatura de la Red de Ciudades Creativas hasta la promoción de la alfabetización y el aprendizaje móvil, pasando por el fomento del libre acceso al conocimiento científico y a los recursos educativos. Por ejemplo, en colaboración con Nokia y Worldreader, la UNESCO se está esforzando por utilizar la tecnología móvil para promover la alfabetización. Con este fin, el 23 de abril lanzaremos una nueva publicación: Reading in the Mobile Era.
En ese mismo espíritu, Port Harcourt (Nigeria) ha sido nombrada Capital Mundial del Libro 2014 debido a la calidad de su programa, especialmente por centrarse en los jóvenes y por su contribución a la mejora de la cultura del libro, la lectura, la escritura y la edición en Nigeria con vistas a incrementar los índices de alfabetización. Esta iniciativa, que dará comienzo el Día Mundial del Libro y del Derecho de Autor, está respaldada por la UNESCO, la Unión Internacional de Editores, la Federación Internacional de Libreros y la Federación Internacional de Asociaciones de Bibliotecarios y Bibliotecas.
En todos los casos, nuestra finalidad está clara: alentar a los autores y artistas y velar por que la alfabetización y los formatos accesibles lleguen a más mujeres y hombres, porque los libros son nuestras herramientas más poderosas para erradicar la pobreza y construir la paz.
Irina Bokova




L’histoire du mot écrit se confond avec celle de l’humanité.

La capacité des livres de contribuer à l’épanouissement personnel et de déclencher des changements sociaux est sans égale. Fusionnant ce qui relève de l’intime et un ancrage social profond, les livres ouvrent des possibilités de dialogue très diversifiées entre les individus, au sein des communautés et entre les époques.

Comme l’a déclaré Malala Yousafzai, l’écolière pakistanaise blessée par balle par les Taliban pour s’être rendue en classe, à la tribune des Nations Unies :

Saisissons-nous de nos livres et de nos stylos, ce sont nos armes les plus puissantes.

En cette Journée mondiale du livre et du droit d’auteur, l’UNESCO invite toutes les femmes et tous les hommes à se rallier à la cause du livre et de tous ceux qui en écrivent et en produisent. Cette journée est l’occasion de célébrer ces livres dans lesquels s’expriment la créativité humaine et le désir d’échanger idées et connaissances, mais aussi celui de promouvoir la compréhension et la tolérance.

Le monde est en pleine évolution et les livres n’y font pas exception
– développement des supports numériques, transition vers le partage de connaissance en libre accès... C’est une source d’incertitude supplémentaire, mais aussi une nouvelle chance à saisir : l’heure est venue d’adopter des pratiques commerciales novatrices dans le monde de l’édition. Cette mutation remet profondément en cause la définition même du livre et pose la question du statut de l’auteur à l’ère du numérique. L’UNESCO est à la pointe des nouveaux débats sur la dématérialisation des livres et les droits des auteurs.

En défendant le droit d’auteur et le libre accès, l’UNESCO prend position pour la créativité, la diversité et l’égalité d’accès au savoir. Nous œuvrons à tous les niveaux – qu’il s’agisse du Réseau de villes créatives dans la catégorie Littérature, ou de la promotion de l’alphabétisation, de l’apprentissage nomade ou encore du libre accès aux connaissances scientifiques et aux ressources éducatives. À titre d’exemple, en partenariat avec Nokia et Worldreader, l’UNESCO s’emploie à mettre les technologies mobiles au service de l’alphabétisation. À cette fin, le 23 avril, nous publierons un ouvrage : Reading in the Mobile Era (La lecture à l’ère de la mobilité).

Dans le même esprit, Port Harcourt, au Nigéria, a été nommé Capitale mondiale du livre 2014, en raison de la qualité de son programme d’activités en la matière – en particulier l’accent qui y est mis sur la jeunesse – qui aura pour conséquence le développement de la culture du livre au Nigéria, et ce sous tous ses aspects (lecture, écriture et publications), avec pour objectif ultime l’accroissement du taux d’alphabétisation. Prenant effet en cette Journée mondiale du livre et du droit d’auteur, l’initiative en question est appuyée par l’UNESCO, ainsi que par l’Union internationale des éditeurs, la Fédération internationale des libraires et la Fédération internationale des associations de bibliothécaires et des bibliothèques.

À tous ces égards, l’objectif qui nous anime est clair : il s’agit d’encourager les auteurs et les artistes, et de faire en sorte que davantage de femmes et d’hommes tirent avantage de l’alphabétisation et des supports de lecture accessibles, car les livres sont les outils les plus puissants qui soient à notre disposition pour éliminer la pauvreté et consolider la paix.

Mme Irina Bokova, Directrice générale de l’UNESCO.


2014年4月23日
文字的历史即是人类的历史。
  图书在促进个人成长和社会变革方面的力量是无可比拟的。书籍既属于私密范畴又具有深刻的社会意义,为个体之间、社区内部和跨越时空的对话提供了影响深远的方式。
  正如因上学而被塔利班枪击的巴基斯坦女学生马拉拉·尤素福扎伊在联合国发表的演讲中所说:
  “让我们拿起书和笔。这是我们最有力的武器。”
  在“世界图书和版权日”之际,教科文组织吁请所有人团结在图书和图书编写者和制造者周围。在这一天里,我们应该礼赞图书,礼赞体现着人类创造性和分享思想与知识之渴望的图书,从而弘扬理解与宽容精神。
  世界的变化也影响着图书的变化,我们正经历着数字格式到来以及向知识共享开放许可的转型。这意味着更多的不确定性,但也意味着新的机遇--包括 出版业的创新经营模式。这些变化也带来了究竟如何定义图书、如何定义数字时代的作者身份等尖锐问题。教科文组织站在前沿,领导着有关图书非实体化和著作权 方面的新辩论。
  教科文组织通过捍卫版权和开放许可来支持创造力、多样性和平等获取知识。我们的工作涉及方方面面,从文学创意城市网络到促进扫盲、移动学习并推 动科学知识和教育资源的开放获取。例如,教科文组织与诺基亚和致力于全球扫盲的非营利组织 Worldreader合作,利用移动技术为扫盲工作提供支持。为此,我们将在4月23日发布两份新的出版物--《移动时代的阅读》和《无纸阅读》。
  本着同一精神,尼日利亚的哈科特港被指定为“2014年世界图书之都”,其入选原因是该城市的高质量计划,特别是这一计划对青年的重点关注和在 提高尼日利亚的图书、读写和出版文化以提高识字率方面的影响。该倡议于“世界图书和版权日”生效,由教科文组织和国际出版商协会、国际书商联盟和国际图书 馆协会联盟提供支持。
  我们所有这些行动都有着明确的目标:鼓励并支持作家和艺术家的创作,确保更多人能够从识字和无障碍阅读中获益,因为图书是我们消除贫穷和建设和平的最有力的武器。




"وهدفنا واضح في كل هذه الجهود، ألا وهو تشجيع المؤلفين والفنانين على ضمان انتفاع المزيد من النساء والرجال بالقرائية وبالأشكال التي يتاح الانتفاع بها بطريقة ميسرة، لأن الكتب تمثل أقوى ما لدينا من أدوات للقضاء على الفقر وبناء السلام. "
من رسالة السيدة إيرينا بوكوفا، المديرة العامة لليونسكو
بمناسبة اليوم العالمي للكتاب وحقوق المؤلف لعام 2014


 

«Во всех этих начинаниях мы преследуем ясную цель — поощрение авторов и творческих работников, а также создание условий, которые позволят большему числу женщин и мужчин воспользоваться благами грамотности и доступными форматами, поскольку книги являются нашим самым мощным инструментом искоренения нищеты и укрепления мира».
                                                      Из послания Генерального директора ЮНЕСКО


Reading in the Mobile Era : A study of mobile reading in Developing countries - UNESCO / Nokia.

Book shortages continue to represent a significant obstacle to literacy, worldwide. Common in areas where books are scarce, inexpensive mobile phones can bring reading material to all. Let's ensure technology makes illiteracy a relic of the past.

Interview of Mark West about the Report "Reading in the Mobile Era" UNESCO.

Monday, 21 April 2014

International Mother Earth Day 2014, April 22




Each year, on Mother Earth Day, we reflect on our relationship with the planet that supports us.  The air we breathe, the water we drink and the soil that grows our food are part of a delicate global ecosystem that is increasingly under pressure from human activities. From tropical deforestation to depleted ocean fisheries, from growing freshwater shortages to the rapid decline of biodiversity and increasingly polluted skies and seas in many parts of the world, we see the heavy hand of humankind. 
As our population grows we have to recognize that our consumption of the planet’s resources is unsustainable.  We need a global transformation of attitude and practice. It is especially urgent to address how we generate the energy that drives our progress. Burning fossil fuels is the principal cause of climate change, which increasingly threatens prosperity and stability in all regions. That is why world leaders have pledged to reach a global legal climate agreement in 2015.
Action on climate change presents multiple opportunities to reset our relationship with Mother Earth and improve human well-being, especially for the poorest and most vulnerable. Sustainable energy for all can increase health, wealth and opportunity for billions of people, as can climate-smart agriculture, more efficient cities and better managed and protected forests. 
To generate ambitious action on the ground and raise momentum for a new climate treaty in 2015, I am convening a Climate Summit in New York on 23 September this year. I am inviting Heads of State and Government along with private sector and civil society leaders to showcase initiatives and forge alliances that can help launch a sustainable future. But they need support and encouragement, for change is never easy.  So today, on International Mother Earth Day, I appeal to all people everywhere to raise their voices. Speak out on behalf of this planet, our only home. Let us care for Mother Earth so she can continue to care for us as she has done for millennia. 
Ban Ki-moon

Each year on April 22, the global community comes together to celebrate the earth. This year on International Mother Earth Day, I call on the United Nations family to promote sustainable development and the use of renewable energy sources throughout our cities and communities.
As we look to promote the Post-2015 Development Agenda, I call on Member States, civil society and other stakeholders to answer the call put forth in the 2009 UN resolution by the General Assembly to invest more in sustainable technology and to promote our ecosystems through global environmental public policies.
In December 2013, the General Assembly made another positive step toward the achievement of this agenda and requested an interactive dialogue on the Harmony with Nature to be held on this day. I look forward to the discussions today and will encourage Member States to work toward promoting a new holistic paradigm, one that underscores the supreme importance of the natural world, while also acknowledging its limits.
As we confront the unique sustainable development challenges of our time; our understanding of the economic, social and environmental needs of present and future generations must be rooted in the most up to date scientific information. Our global strategy must promote sound environmental ethics, and continually emphasize humanity's interconnectedness with nature.


Earth Day 2014: Green Cities

Earth Day 2014 will focus on green cities, mobilizing a millions of people to create a sustainable, healthy environment by greening communities worldwide. Today, more than half of the world’s population lives in cities. As the urban population grows and the effects of climate change worsen, our cities have to evolve.
It’s time for us to invest in efficiency and renewable energy, rebuild our cities and towns, and begin to solve the climate crisis. Over the next two years, with a focus on Earth Day 2014, the Green Cities campaign will mobilize a global movement to accelerate this transition. Join us in calling for a new era of green cities.
Mother Earth is a common expression for the planet Earth in a number of countries and regions, which reflects the interdependence that exists among human beings, other living species and the planet. For instance, Bolivians call Mother Earth Pachamama and Nicaraguans refer to her as Tonantzin.
Recognizing that Mother Earth reflects the interdependence that exists among human beings, other living species and the planet we all inhabit, the General Assembly declared 22 April as International Mother Earth Day (A/RES/63/278).

Green Cities Campaign


The Green Cities Campaign
The Green Cities Campaign helps cities and communities around the world accelerate their transition to a more sustainable future. More information.

Get involved with Earth Day!

Every year on April 22, over a billion people in 190 countries take action for Earth Day. From San Francisco to San Juan, Beijing to Brussels, Moscow to Marrakesh, people plant trees, clean up their communities, contact their elected officials, and more—all on behalf of the environment.
Like Earth Days of the past, Earth Day 2014 will focus on the unique environmental challenges of our time. As the world’s population migrates to cities, and as the bleak reality of climate change becomes increasingly clear, the need to create sustainable communities is more important than ever. Earth Day 2014 will seek to do just that through its global theme: Green Cities. With smart investments in sustainable technology, forward-thinking public policy, and an educated and active public, we can transform our cities and forge a sustainable future. Nothing is more powerful than the collective action of a billion people.
As the global organizer behind Earth Day, Earth Day Network creates tools and resources for you to get involved with Earth Day in your community. Here’s how you can participate.



Join the Forum : International Mother Earth Day, April 22April 22nd is Earth Day. 


Improve Building Codes - Online Activism.
Ban New Coal Power Plants - Online Activism

Bring Bike Share to your city - Online Activism

Decouple Utility Profits - Online Activism
Demand Renewable Energy - Online Activism
Impove Emission Standards - Online Activism
Improve Solar Permitting Process - Online Activism
Increase MPG Standards - Online Activism
Support PACE Financing - Online Activism


 La campaña «Ciudades verdes» ayuda a las ciudades y las comunidades del mundo a acelerar su transición hacia un futuro más sostenible. 


 La campagne « Des villes vertes » aide les villes et les communautés à travers le monde à accélérer leur transition vers un avenir plus durable.

تساعد حملة المدن الخضراء المدن والمجتمعات المحلية في جميع أنحاء العالم على تسريع انتقالها إلى مستقبل أكثر استدامة.

 2014年世界地球日关注绿色城市,动员百万人绿化世界各地的社区,创造健康、可持续的环境。

 22 апреля жители всех стран мира проводят акции в поддержку Международного дня «Матери-Земли». В этом году в центре внимания — стремительная урбанизация планеты. По данным ООН, в ближайшие 20 лет 60% населения земного шара будут жить в городах. 

Earth Day 2014 T-Shirt

Friday, 11 April 2014

International Day of Human Space Flight 2014, April 12



In honour of The fiftieth anniversary of human space flight, the United Nations declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight.




To pay tribute to the extraordinary journey of the men and women who have flown into space, and to capture their unique perspectives and experiences in a distinctive collection, the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), is inviting past and present space explorers to sign an autograph sheet and to provide a message that might inspire future generations.
This autograph album contains a copy of the signed sheets received from 57 participating space explorers from 20 nations as well as their messages in the United Nations official languages.
The album also contains a copy of the autographs of Yuri Gagarin and Edward H. White on their visit to United Nations.

 

Messages from Space Explorers to Future Generations

 

Russian - Послания исследователей космоса будущим поколениям

English - Messages from Space Explorers to future generations.

French - Mensajes de los Exploradores del Espacio a las generaciones futuras

French - Messages des explorateurs de l'espace aux générations futures

arabic - رسائل من مستكشفي الفضاء لأجيال المستقبل

Chinese - 從空間探索者消息給後代




The General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/65/271 of 7 April 2011, declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight "to celebrate each year at the international level the beginning of the space era for mankind, reaffirming the important contribution of space science and technology in achieving sustainable development goals and increasing the well-being of States and peoples, as well as ensuring the realization of their aspiration to maintain outer space for peaceful purposes."



UNOOSA will mark the Day with a series of events:
  • Launch of the 2014 Update of the Messages from Space Explorers to future generations: On 11 April, UNOOSA will launch the third edition of collection of messages from men and women who have travelled into space serves as a tribute to their achievements and is an inspiration for future generations.
  • Exhibition at the Vienna International Centre, 7-18 April: An exciting and unique exhibition can be viewed in the VIC from 7 to 18 April as part of the regular tours organized by the UN Visitor's Service. The exhibition showcases examples of handwritten messages UNOOSA has received from the many men and women who have travelled into space after Gagarin's historic flight The exhibition can be viewed during these two weeks. For more information on the exhibition and tours, click here.
  • Twitter chat: Join astronaut and UN Expert on Space Applications Takao Doi in celebrating the International Day of Human Space Flight in a Twitter Chat on 11 April at 3pm CET. Participants can send questions to @UNOOSA using #OOSAChat
    For more information on UNOOSA's Human Space Technology Initiative, please click here.

Monday, 7 April 2014

World Health Day 2014, April 7th.

"April 7 is World Health Day "World Health Organization (WHO).






The theme World Health DAY - 7 April, 2014 is ‘Vector-borne diseases – small bite, big threat’ and one of the most common vector-borne diseases is dengue fever.

  


Following is UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World Health Day, to be observed on 7 April:

Every year more than 1 million people die from diseases carried by mosquitoes, flies, ticks and other insects, such as triatomine bugs.  These vector-borne diseases — which include malaria, dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Chagas disease and leishmaniasis — cause chronic illness and immense suffering for hundreds of millions more.

Climate change, altered habitats and increased international trade and travel are exposing more people to the vectors that transmit these diseases.  They present a risk in all regions, including countries where the threat had formerly been eradicated, but the most affected are the world’s poorest people, especially those who live in remote rural communities far from health services or in urban shanty towns.  By profoundly affecting people’s health, vector-borne diseases are a serious impediment to poverty reduction and sustainable development.

As we work to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and define a post-2015 development agenda, let us recognize that investing in vector control and disease prevention is a wise and necessary investment.  We have the scientific knowledge and have developed proven interventions to tackle these diseases.  In Africa, for example, more than 700 million insecticide-treated bed nets have already helped to cut malaria rates dramatically, particularly among children and pregnant women.

Sustained political commitment can save millions of lives and yield substantial social and economic returns.  But it is important to recognize that vector control goes beyond the health sector.  Poorly planned development initiatives such as forest clearance, dam construction or irrigation to boost food production may increase the disease burden.  Addressing this issue demands an integrated, coherent and united effort across many sectors, including environment, agriculture, water and sanitation, urban planning and education.

Everyone has a role to play in the fight against vector-borne diseases — international organizations, Governments, the private sector, civil society, community groups and individuals.  On this World Health Day, I urge countries and development partners to make vector control a priority.  Let us work together to tackle this serious but eminently preventable threat to human health and development. 
Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secretary-General

 Climate change and vector-borne diseases: a regional analysis.




On World Health Day 2014, WHO is calling for a renewed focus on vector control and better provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene – key strategies outlined in WHO’s 2011 Roadmap for the control, elimination and eradication of neglected tropical diseases, which sets targets for the period 2012–2020.  

Everyone has a role to play. We urge…

Governments to

- Ensure political commitment and public funding for vector-control programs based on an integrated approach.
- Invest in water and sanitation, waste collection, and urban drainage, especially in areas that are currently underserved.
- Share proven strategies and lessons learned through country-to-country cooperation initiatives.

Health authorities to

- Improve surveillance and monitoring of vector-borne diseases.
- Integrate prevention and control of vector-borne diseases with programs to control other diseases.
- Strengthen monitoring of insecticide and drug resistance, and ensure an effective response.
- Collaborate with other government agencies and sectors, especially the environment, tourism, and education, to strengthen action for prevention and control of vector-borne diseases.
- Work with local authorities to implement vector-control and elimination measures, including safe water supply, sanitation and drainage, control of breeding sites, healthy housing, and garbage collection.

Individuals and families to

- Clean up around their homes and offices to eliminate vegetation, rubbish, and standing water that can serve as breeding sites for mosquitoes and other vectors.
- Protect oneself by wearing long-sleeved clothing, applying insect repellent, and using window screens or bed nets as appropriate.
- Work with governments to improve social and environmental conditions, especially sanitation, waste management, and protection of water sources.

International partners and donors to

- Support the strengthening and sustainability of programs for control and elimination of vector-borne diseases.
- Where needed, provide donations or subsidies of medicines for the control of vector-borne diseases.
- Provide incentives for research and development of new, safer, and more environmentally adapted insecticides; next-generation vector-control tools; and innovative medicines and diagnostics.


 WORLD HEALTH DAY 2014 - Noon Briefing and guest: Dr. Jacob Kumaresan, Executive Director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Office in New York. UN Web TV.



  

A global brief on Vector-borne diseases. Dr Margaret Chan Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO)

Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases between humans or from
animals to humans.
Many of these vectors are bloodsucking insects that ingest disease-producing microorganisms during a blood meal from an infected host (human or animal) and later inject them into a new host during their next blood meal. Mosquitoes are the best known disease vector. Others include certain species of ticks, flies, sandflies, fleas, bugs and freshwater snails .


A global brief on Vector-borne diseases. Dr Margaret Chan Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO)













International Day of Reflection on the Genocide in Rwanda - April 7, 2014.


The start date of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, 7 April, has been designated by the UN General Assembly as the International Day of Reflection on the Genocide in Rwanda. On or around that date, the UN organizing or participating in commemorative events in many countries this year, including in Armenia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Colombia, Congo, Czech Republic, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Kenya, Madagascar, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Poland, Russia, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia.

The memorial ceremony at UN Headquarters in New York will take place on 16 April, at 6:15 p.m. It will be webcast live at webtv.un.org. The memorial ceremony will be followed by the opening of an exhibit organized by the Government of Rwanda in the UN Visitors Centre.



Kwibuka 20 - Commemoration ceremony at the Amahoro National Stadium (Kigali, Rwanda).
7 Apr 2014 - Kwibuka 20 - Commemoration ceremony marking the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide at the Kigali’s National Stadium Amahoro (“peace”) where, in 1994, thousands of Rwandans found refuge.

 

President Kagame to light flame in memory of victims of 1994 massacres amid fresh diplomatic row with France.


A torch commemorating the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide in which 800,000 died is to be lighted in the capital Kigali, amid renewed claims of France being complicit in the killings.
A flame of remembrance touring the small nation from village to village will arrive at the national genocide memorial on Monday.

President Paul Kagame will light the torch that will burn for 100 days, the length of time it took government soldiers and Hutu militia to kill hundreds of thousands of people, largely Tutsis, in 1994.

People everywhere should place themselves in the shoes of the vulnerable, and ask themselves what more they can do to build a world of human rights and dignity for all.
Ban Ki-Moon, UN Secretary General 

Custodians of the memorial said it contains the bones of a quarter of a million people killed in massacres of brutal intensity, now carefully stored in vast concrete tombs.

Wreathes will also be laid, before ceremonies in Kigali's football stadium, where UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and several African leaders are due to attend.

But the commemorations have been overshadowed by a furious diplomatic row with France, which is now sending its ambassador in Kigali to attend the ceremonies, instead of a top level delegation.
The French government initially announced that it was pulling out of the events after Kagame again accused France, an ally of the Hutu nationalist government prior to the 1994 killings, of aiding the murder of 800,000 ethnic Tutsis.

Speaking to the weekly Jeune Afrique, Kagame denounced the "direct role of Belgium and France in the political preparation for the genocide", and said French soldiers were both accomplices and "actors" in the bloodbath.
Paris has repeatedly denied the accusations and insisted that French forces had striven to protect civilians.
Former colonial power Belgium, which unlike France has apologised to Rwanda for failing to prevent the genocide, has sent a senior delegation for the commemorations.

Ban Ki-moon, Commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide (Kigali, Rwanda)
7 Apr 2014 - Remarks by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at the commemoration ceremony marking the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide (Kwibuka 20), Kigali, Rwanda




10,000 killed everyday

The UN chief has said the commemorations were a chance to remind the world to do all it can to ensure such crimes never happen again. The UN was heavily criticised in 1994 for not doing more to stop the killings.
"The scale of the brutality in Rwanda still shocks: an average of 10,000 deaths per day, day after day, for three months," Ban said in a statement ahead of commemorations.



He said the impact of the massacres are still being felt across an "arc of uncertainty in Africa's Great Lakes region - and in the collective conscience of the international community".
"People everywhere should place themselves in the shoes of the vulnerable, from Syria to the Central African Republic, and ask themselves what more they can do to build a world of human rights and dignity for all," Ban added.

US President Barack Obama also paid tribute to the victims, saying that the genocide was "neither an accident nor unavoidable".

"It was a deliberate and systematic effort by human beings to destroy other human beings," Obama said in a statement.
Many in Rwanda are remembering the victims in their own deeply personal and reflective way.
Rwanda's Red Cross has boosted its support staff for those hit hard by the memory of trauma.
The official "Kwibuka" mourning - meaning "remember" in Kinyarwanda - ends on July 4, Rwanda's liberation day.



7 billion Others - Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Rwanda Genocide (07 April).
'They said that the Tutsis were bad, this is why we killed them'. Let’s commit to remember the more than 800,000 innocent people so brutally murdered, as we pay tribute to the bravery and resilience of the survivors.


Video portraits from Rwanda to celebrate the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Rwanda Genocide 2014. On selected days the United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe, in partnership with the Good Planet Foundation, posts video clips from the 7 billion Others project to communicate the fears, dreams, ordeals and hopes of citizens from all over world.
Rwanda, 20 Years Later.

 April 7, 1994 marked the beginning of the Rwandan genocide. This massacre took place over the course of 100 days, killing almost 20% of the population. 20 years on from this brutal tragedy, Rwanda has transformed itself into a thriving nation with significant development gains. With the support of the UN, Rwanda is on track to achieving nearly all the Millennium Development Goals. Over a million people have been lifted out of extreme poverty. Economic growth has averaged 8% a year. Infant mortality is down 61%, while three quarters of the population now have access to drinking water. Following parliamentary elections last year, women make up 64% of MPs, the highest proportion in the world. So, while we must never forget and continue to honor the lives lost and the bravery of so many survivors. We can also use this commemoration to be inspired. A country, once consumed with violence, has shown the world that it can rebuild and reunite. (Photos: UNDP, UNICEF)

Thursday, 3 April 2014

International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2014, April 6


This year we celebrate the first-ever International Day of Sport for Development and Peace.
We at the United Nations know that sport is a universal language, uniting groups and nations across divides.
Sport empowers youth, promotes good health and deepens UN values such as equality, mutual respect and fair play.
Sport helps us in spreading messages of peace, driving social change and meeting the Millennium Development Goals.
This International Day will highlight the potential of sport to advance human rights, eliminate barriers and promote global solidarity.
To reach our goals, we need all players on the field:  governments, international organizations, the sport sector, civil society, and many others.
I urge all global citizens to join this growing movement and become part of our  team to harness the power of sport to build a better world for all.
Ban Ki-moon




Sport for Development and Peace - From Practices to Policy.
 EVENTS : Expert High-level Panel Discussion and Symbolic Run/Walk at the Palais des Nations in Geneva

On 4 April 2014, UNOSDP together with the UN Office at Geneva and the Group of Friends of Sport for Development and Peace is hosting a high-level panel discussion, inviting key stakeholders to share their views about the value and use of sport for social change. The roundtable discussion will be followed by a symbolic run/walk around the Palais des Nations, where all participants are encouraged to join the panellists in raising awareness of this celebratory day.

 Five key messages will be promoted for the occasion of the International Day celebrations at the Palais des Nations.



 Statement by Dr Jacques Rogge, President of the International Olympic Committee.
 
Sports and Disciplines
Shooting

Handball

Gymnastics Artistic

Weightlifting

Ice Hockey

Basketball

Rowing, Canoe Slalom, Sailing, Canoe Sprint

Volleyball

 Trampoline, Athletics

Water Polo, Diving

Gymnastics Rhythmic

Football

Fencing

Swimming, Synchronized swimming

Beach Volleyball

Golf

Alpine Ski, Biathlon, Bobsleigh ,Cross Country Skiing ,Curling ,Figure skating ,Freestyle Skiing ,Ice Hockey ,Luge,Nordic Combined ,Short Track Speed Skating , Skeleton ,Ski Jumping ,Snowboard ,Speed skating

Archery

Tennis, Badminton

Thiathlon , Cycling BMX, Cycling Mountain Bike, Cycling road, Cycling Track

Boxing

Judo, Wrestling freestyle, Wrestling Greco-Roman

Baseball

Rugby

10 Golden Rules for Building a Sustainable Sporting Event.

Staging a sustainable sporting event means managing social, economic, and environmental factors to minimise impact, and leaving a positive legacy that continues to enrich host cities and countries long after the event. These simple rules can help to create a much more sustainable event and successful legacy

 I - ENERGY :
Find ways to minimise energy usage to reduce emissions and costs. Design facilities and infrastructure for low-energy usage, and maximise the use of renewable energy.

II - WATER :
Try to avoid using drinking water for irrigation, cooling, and sanitary purposes, and minimise all water use through sustainable design. Provide drinking water from the best local source, and avoid bottled water, which is carbon-intensive and creates waste.

III - WASTE :
Avoid waste throughout all phases of planning, construction, and staging. Use or upgrade existing infrastructure, if possible. Design for legacy occupancy to avoid costly conversion and waste, using sustainable temporary structures as appropriate. During the event, minimise waste through recyclable packaging,facilitating recycling and reuse, and implementing take-back options.

IV - MATERIALS :
Use renewable materials that have low environmental impact, are produced locally, have no harmful content, and are from sustainable sources.

V - BIODIVERSITY :
Assess site biodiversity to ensure that in legacy, site biodiversity is maintained or improved. Ensure that planting and landscaping are appropriate to the local conditions and heritage.

VI - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT :
Minimise noise, dust, and vibration disturbance during construction and the event itself. Minimise long term impacts of materials through sustainable procurement.

VII - INCLUSION :
Ensure that the event is accessible to all ages, abilities, genders, and cultures without discrimination throughout its life cycle. Foster local community ownership and build pride in the event and its legacy. Provide training and education to enhance inclusion.

VIII - HEALTHY LIVING :
Inspire sport, health, and wellbeing in the community. Promote local, sustainable fair trade produce.

IX - PROCUREMENT :
Develop the supply chain for sustainability, transparency, and fair and ethical procurement practices. To avoid waste, standardise where possible, and rent or hire rather than buy. Ensure fair and timely payment for suppliers, particularly small and medium enterprises.

X - TRANSPORT :
Design facilities to minimise the need for transportation of materials (e.g. through prefabricated construction), and to minimise the travel to, from, and between facilities when construction is complete. Focus on public transport, and use low-carbon vehicles with high occupancy. Minimise air travel.



Playing for a Greener Future


Sport has historically played an important role in all societies, be it in the form of competitive sport, physical activity or play. But one may wonder: what does sport have to do with the United Nations? In fact, sport presents a natural partnership for the United Nations (UN) system: sport and play are human rights that must be respected and enforced worldwide; sport has been increasingly recognized and used as a low-cost and high-impact tool in humanitarian, development and peace-building efforts, not only by the UN system but also by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), governments, development agencies, sports federations, armed forces and the media. Sport can no longer be considered a luxury within any society but is rather an important investment in the present and future, particularly in developing countries.
Definition of "Sport"
In a development context the definition of sport usually includes a broad and inclusive spectrum of activities suitable to people of all ages and abilities, with an emphasis on the positive values of sport. In 2003, the UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace defined sport, for the purposes of development, as “all forms of physical activity that contribute to physical fitness, mental well-being and social interaction, such as play, recreation, organized or competitive sport, and indigenous sports and games.” This definition has since then been accepted by many proponents of Sport for Development and Peace.

Sport as a fundamental right
The right of access to and participation in sport and play has long been recognised in a number of international conventions. In 1978, UNESCO described sport and physical education as a “fundamental right for all”. But until today, the right to play and sport has too often been ignored or disrespected.

Sport as a Powerful Tool
Sport has a unique power to attract, mobilize and inspire. By its very nature, sport is about participation. It is about inclusion and citizenship. It stands for human values such as respect for the opponent, acceptance of binding rules, teamwork and fairness, all of which are principles which are also contained in the Charter of the United Nations.
The UN system draws on the unique convening power of sport as a cross-cutting tool for:
  • Fundraising, advocacy, mobilization and raising public awareness: in particular by appointing celebrity athletes as ‘Ambassadors’ or ‘Spokespersons’ and leveraging the potential of sports events as outreach platforms. The mobilizing power of sport is often used as a “door-opener” to convey crucial messages about HIV/AIDS, child’s rights, the environment, education, etc.
  • Development and peace promotion: in grassroots projects  sport is used in an extremely wide range of situations – whether as an integrated tool in short-term emergency humanitarian aid activities, or in long-term development cooperation projects, on a local, regional or global scale.
Sport plays a significant role as a promoter of social integration and economic development in different geographical, cultural and political contexts. Sport is a powerful tool to strengthen social ties and networks, and to promote ideals of peace, fraternity, solidarity, non-violence, tolerance and justice. According to the Sport for Development and Peace International Working Group, sport is seen to have the most benefits in:
  • Individual development
  • Health promotion and disease prevention
  • Promotion of gender equality
  • Social integration and the development of social capital
  • Peace building and conflict prevention/resolution
  • Post-disaster/trauma relief and normalisation of life
  • Economic development
  • Communication and social mobilisation.
From a development perspective, the focus is always on mass sport and not elite sport. Sport is used to reach out to those most in need including refugees, child soldiers, victims of conflict and natural catastrophes, the impoverished, persons with disabilities, victims of racism, stigmatization and discrimination, persons living with HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.

Path to Success
Sport is not a cure-all for development problems. As a cultural phenomenon, it is a mirror of society and is just as complex and contradictory.
As such, sport can also have negative side effects such as violence, corruption, discrimination, hooliganism, nationalism, doping and fraud. To enable sport to unleash its full positive potential, emphasis must be placed on effective monitoring and guiding of sports activities.
The positive potential of sport does not develop automatically. It requires a professional and socially responsible intervention which is tailored to the respective social and cultural context. Successful Sport for Development and Peace programmes work to realize the right of all members of society to participate in sport and leisure activities. Effective programmes intentionally give priority to development objectives and are carefully designed to be inclusive.
Effective Sport for Development and Peace programmes combine sport and play with other non-sport components to enhance their effectiveness. Such programmes embody the best values of sport while upholding the quality and integrity of the sport experience. They are delivered in an integrated manner with other local, regional and national development and peace initiatives so that they are mutually reinforcing. Programmes seek to empower participants and communities by engaging them in the design and delivery of activities, building local capacity, adhering to generally accepted principles of transparency and accountability, and pursuing sustainability through collaboration, partnerships and coordinated action.
Peace and Sport