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Friday, 1 May 2015

World Press Freedom Day 2015, May 3





Let Journalism Thrive!
This is the theme of World Press Freedom Day this year.
In 2015, States are accelerating to reach the Millennium Development Goals and shaping a new global sustainable development agenda. Freedom of expression and press freedom are essential to success at every level.
For peace to be lasting and development to be sustainable, human rights must be respected. Everyone must be free to seek, receive and impart knowledge and information on all media, online and offline. Quality journalism enables citizens to make informed decisions about their society’s development. It also works to expose injustice, corruption, and the abuse of power.
For this, journalism must be able to thrive, in an enabling environment in which they can work independently and without undue interference and in conditions of safety. The world has recently witnessed horrendous attacks against journalists -- at least one journalist is killed each week, in conflict and non-conflict zones. We must redouble efforts to enhance the safety of journalists and put an end to impunity, and this is the goal of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, spearheaded by UNESCO and supported by other UN entities.
We need every voice to speak out and be heard – especially those of women. Twenty years after the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, women remain underrepresented throughout the media, at decision-making level but also in the coverage of issues. We cannot let this stand. Men and women must participate equally in making and sharing the news.
Freedom of expression and press freedom are not luxury attributes that can wait until sustainable development has been achieved – it is an enabler for the enjoyment of all human rights and, therefore, vital to good governance and the rule of law.
This is our message today, to let journalism thrive!

Ban Ki-moon, Irina Bokova and Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein

Forum :
Read more on the Live web-streaming of the World Press Freedom Day main conference 
Follow the World Press Freedom Day 2015 on Twitter using the hashtags #WPFD2015 and #KeepSpeechFree
 Events : See the celebrations around the World by clicking on the map

Let Journalism Thrive!
 

LIVE WEBCAST - World Press Freedom Day 2015

Let Journalism Thrive! Towards Better Reporting, Gender Equality, & Media Safety in the Digital Age.

UNESCO and the Government of Latvia will co-host the World Press Freedom Day’s main event and the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize Ceremony in 2015 which will take place in Riga, Latvia from 2-4 May 2015.

World Press Freedom Day main conference
Live web-streaming of the World Press Freedom Day main conference from the new National Library in Riga, Latvia during the following date and time, in Latvian and English:

Programme :

3 May 2015 (Sunday)

9:00 -10:00    Opening Ceremony: Free Flow of Ideas by Word and Images - Celebrating 70 Years of UNESCO
Venue: Imanta Ziedoņa Hall, National Library
10:30-12:00    Plenary 1: Independent and Quality Media
Venue: Imanta Ziedoņa Hall, National Library
18:00 - 19:00    UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize Ceremony
Venue: Imanta Ziedoņa Hall, National Library

4 May 2015 (Monday)

9:00 - 10:00       Joint Session Special Rapporteurs
Venue: Imanta Ziedoņa Hall, National Library
10:30-12:00      Plenary 2: Gender and Media



Venue: Imanta Ziedoņa Hall, National Library
16:00-17:30      Plenary 3: Digital safety for journalists
Venue: Imanta Ziedoņa Hall, National Library
17:30-18:00     Closing Session: Adoption of the Riga Declaration & Handover to WPFD 2016 Host
Venue: Imanta Ziedoņa Hall, National Library





 WORLD PRESS FREEDOM DAY 2015 CONCEPT NOTE : Let Journalism Thrive!
Towards Better Reporting, Gender Equality, & Media Safety in the Digital Age


Overview

“The free flow of ideas by word and image”--70 years ago, the founders of UNESCO crafted these  elegant words into the Organization’s Constitution. They put great store on the need for information and communication within and between nations. UNESCO wascreated at the end of World War II, at a time when it was recognized that a controlled media could be used to indoctrinate populations for war. 

World Press Freedom Day (WPFD) 2015 falls in the 70th anniversary year of UNESCO. It is therefore an opportunity for the Organization and all its partnersto reaffirm its  vision offree expression as essential for peace, and its relevance to journalism in current times. The year is also one in which the UN will adopt the Sustainable Development Agenda, raising the question of media’s relation to the objectives of the Post
-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and its potential contribution to Goal 16, to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels”. Significantly, 2015 also marks the20th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, which concerns gender equality in society and the media.

Relevant to this broad backdrop, WPFD 2015 will examine three inter-related issues:

* free and independent journalism,and quality reporting, in the context of the digital age. This subject covers how media concentrationimpacts on media’s role,self-regulation issues, the challenges to investigative journalism, hate-speech and Media and Information Literacy. 

* The issues of women in media management and portrayal of women in the media.

* The safety of journalists, including in hotspots,and the protection ofjournalists’sourcesfrom digital disclosure.


Better Reporting and Independent Journalism in the Digital Age 


In some ways, the digital age has helped moveus closer to the goals of independent, free,and pluralistic media environment as stated in the landmark Windhoek Declaration of 1991which is also the origin of WPFD.On the flip side, the ease of individual publishing has also created more fragmented audiences,more partisan reporting and uneven standards of accuracy,and verification amongst the array of actors now contributing to journalism. In many instances, the proliferation of online news is being met with increased blocking, filtering, and licensing or registration requirements for those wishing to publish.
Today, there is also the specterof private censorship, and privatized censorship through Internet intermediary companies. Although businesses have a responsibility to respect human rights, the Internetintermediary companies do not always uphold online freedom of expressionin operating across a range of jurisdictions, circumstances, technologies, and business models.The grow inginfluence of commercialization and concentration of media enterprise ownership, often in a way that lacks transparency, also impacts upon the independence and quality of journalism on all platforms. Studies have found that governments and politicians continue to have too much influence over who owns, operates and regulates the media and that many media markets continue to exist with monopolistic practices, corruption, or non-transparent methods. As a result, the public is given only the same limited number of ideas, views, and facts that are repackaged and recycled. In this context, self-regulation can provide a defence for the integrity of journalism, but it is uneven. Furthermore, it exists today in juxtaposition to systems operated by Internet intermediary companies which do not come from a freedom of expression background, and it is unclear which sector has the optimum model for self-regulation.  

All these features add up to pressure on independent journalism and on its quality. While there is no universal set of criteria for quality journalism, the subject can be assessed in terms of adherence to professional standards and integrity, including the independence of the journalism in service of public interest. Indicators of such quality may possibly be numbers of awards, audience share, the resources available for newsroom, audience responses and participation, and self-assessments. What is clear, however,is that investigative journalism, in particular, relies on the qualities of accurate, verified, in-depth,and critical reporting on matters of special public concern. This is work which often requires long and difficult research to bring key information to light. The business basis for such quality journalism is increasingly coming under stress.The issue of better news reporting is also being challenged by complexities in the reporting on hate and hate speech. Compounding this are user-generated comments, whereby hatred is being expressed directly on the media’s platforms, often bypassing any editorial process.
Deleting this kind of speech may drive those who espouse it into echo-chambers elsewhere online where these individuals or groups can express their views without challenge. At the same time, allowing such content to remain online in the interests of playing the role of a public sphere may alienate other parts of the audience, and it may also violate laws on hate. These challenges point to the need for media policies to maintain a quality and professional role in the face of hate.More and more it is becoming evident that quality and independent journalism needs to be paralleled by the empowerment of users of digital communications. Such users need to know their rights online, and how to be ethically-reflective in their digital engagements.  How to recognise online rumour, and how to find and identify verified news content are additional skills needed for the digital era. How to self-protect against viruses on the one hand, and on the other, how to combat online hate speech, cyber-bullying and digital defamation are other capacities needed.

In this regard, Media and Information Literacy(MIL)is crucial in enhancing users’ critical thinking skills and fosters an enabling environment for quality-driven reporting. However, schooling systems have been slow to integrate MIL into their curricula.All the points above impact significantly on the potential role of media in regard to sustainable development. To contribute to peaceful, accountable and inclusive societies, there is a need to address online freedom of expression, media pluralism, self-regulation, the business model for quality journalism, investigative journalism, online hate-speech and MIL.

Questions:

What are the new ways to maintain editorial standards in the digital age?
• What can be done to verify accuracy in journalism?
• How to ensure quality journalism amongst social media producers of news?
• How us eful are the so-called ‘transparency reports’ issued by Internetintermediaries?
• Are international and national laws and media policy adequately addressing the power of intermediaries to supportpress freedom and avoid blocking legitimate news media content?
• What are the impacts of media concentration and commercialization on the editorial independence of editors and of journalists?
•What business model can support quality journalism, and how to reinforce investigative journalism in particular?
• Can media and Internet self-regulation systems learn anything from each other, and how can standards be raised  that will protect and promote online journalism at the same time as providing accountable redress to persons concerned with apparent violations of their rights?
• What are the good practices in reporting hate, and dealing with user contents that are hateful?
•Can Media and Information Literacy indirectly help to strengthen independent and quality journalism?
• What needs to be done to get the composite package of Media and Information Literacy skills into the education system?


Gender and Media (With Special Focus on the 20th Anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Change) 

Gender equality implies a society in which women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life. In 1995,the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action aimed at “removing all the obstacles to women's active participation in all spheres of public and private life through a full and equal share in economic, social, cultural and political decision-making”. Two of Beijing Declaration’s explicit goals, under Objective J, are to “increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication” and “promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media”.While some achievements have been observed, the overall progress has been slow and gender-based discrimination remains a prevalent issue.
Obstacles are still present in today’s media industry, ranging from imbalanced access to information and
under-representation of women to insufficient media coverage of gender issues and outright violence against female journalists.Furthermore, women remain marginalized and limited by the “ glass ceiling”, preventing them from attaining and occupying key positions. The 2011 Global Report on the Status of Women in the News Media, a 59-nation study of women’s employment in more than 500 newsrooms, found that women only represent a third of the entire workforce. In addition, the glass ceiling is evident by positions in top-level management and governance where men take up three-quarters (72.7% and 74.1%, respectively) of the available jobs. This lack of professional mobility differs from region to region,but in general women remain underrepresented in key management positions in the media.
By the same token, this underrepresentation of women correlates with their portrayal within the media. Gender issues remain largely under the radar, propagating the gender bias and its resulting inequality.In addition, safety of women journalists also continues to be an issue :the 2014 Violence and Harassment against Women in the News Media: A Global Picture survey stated that almost two-thirds (or 64.8%) of the self-selected respondents to research the had been intimidated, threatened or abused whereas one out of five (or 21.6%) had been physically assaulted in relation to their work. Sexual harassment was encountered by approximately half (or 47.9%) of the respondents, with sexual assault happening in 14.3% of all incidents. Furthermore, aggression and intimidation are not reserved for assignments in the field: co-workers, supervisors, and managers constitute a substantial amount as perpetrators at the workplace, encumbering the victim’s capability to report it.

UN Women, the United Nations entity promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women, recognizes the powerful potential of media to “change or reinforce social mores and behaviours, and mobili
ze citizens”. In this regard, it advocates gender-sensitive reporting through workshops and toolkits, including the creation and dissemination of specific manuals.As one of its global priorities, UNESCO aims to overcome the gender divide through its Priority Gender Equality Action Plan –2014-2021.Together with other stakeholders, UNESCO reached a milestone in the promotion of gender-inclusive media on the Global Media Forum in Bangkok, Thailand in December 2013 with the creation of the Global Alliance on Media and Gender (GAMAG). This network is an attempt to accelerate change in favour of gender equality in and through the media.


Questions:

•It has been 20 years since the Beijing Declaration and Platform forAction was adopted, what are some of the reflections in terms of achievements and of the challenges that lies ahead?
• What are the challenges for women in reaching higher managerial position in a media company?
• What can media regulatory bodies such as broadcasting licencing authorities do to
promote gender equality in the boards of licensed institutions?
• Do public service media have a particular role and possibility in terms of gender equality issues?
•Safety of women journalists continues to be an under researched topic, what could be done to improve research in this area and ultimately to improve safety of women journalists?
•How to address the issue of online harassments, threats and hate speech, including those against women?
Towards Better Digital Safety for Journalists and Their Sources?

 Towards Better Digital Safety for Journalists and Their Sources

The work of journalists often puts them at specific risk of intimidation, harassment and violence.
Some suffer kidnapping, torture, abduction, and arbitrary detention. These risks become particularly visible when a journalist is killed in a highly publicized manner such as the beheading of James Foley and Steven Sotloff in armed conflict situations and hotspots. When the danger is posed by non-State actors such as terrorist groups and criminal organizations, ensuring the safety of journalists becomes even harder. There are distinct challenges for journalists and editors reporting from hostile and dangerous environments.Safety also has a digital dimension and not only for mainstream journalists. As more actors take up the mantle of participating in journalism and contribute to informing public opinion, they also become subjects of interest to actors wishing to control the flow of information. According to a report on the safety of journalists from the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in July 2013: “
As the number of online journalists has increased, so have attacks against them, such as illegal hacking of their accounts, monitoring of their online activitiesarbitrary arrest and detention, and the blocking of websites that contain information critical of authorities”. The threats facing all actors doing journalism in the digital age include :location tracking; software and hardware exploits without the knowledge of the target; phishing attacks;  fake domain attacks; man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks; denial of service (DoS) attacks; website defacement; compromised user accounts; intimidation and harassment; disinformation and smear campaigns; as well as confiscation of journalistic work product.On 18 December 2013, the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution A/RES/68/167 on the right to privacy in the digital age which called for reviews to ensure that surveillance operations in terms of independent oversight and transparency.

The Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection human rights and fundamental freedoms earlier stated in his report to the UN General Assembly that “measures justified by States’ duties to protect against the threat of terrorism should never be used as a Trojan horse to usher in wider powers of surveillance for unrelated governmental functions.”

The 2014 African Declaration on InternetRights and Freedoms contains 12 key principles including the right to security on the Internetand to be protected from harassment, stalking, people trafficking, identity theft and misuse of one’s digital identity and data. Both UNESCO and the Human Rights Council have adopted resolutions making particular reference to the importance of protection of journalists’ sources in this context.  Elsewhere, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in its declaration adopted on 30 April 2014,
also noted that “surveillance of journalists and other media actors, and the tracking of their online activities, can endanger the legitimate exercise of freedom of expression if carried out without the necessary safeguards and can even threaten the safety of the persons concerned. It can also undermine the protection of journalists’ sources”.

It should be noted that surveillance is often governed by many secret and ambiguous laws, which can sow confusion among journalists and their sources about how closely they might be monitored. This lack of information makes it more difficult for journalists and their sources to try to shield themselves from undue surveillance. If communications between journalists and sources cannot be kept confidential, then it is possible that sources will stop talking.UNESCO’s General Conference, the highest deliberating body of the organization adopted Resolution 52 at its 37th Session in November 2013 which requested the Director-General to prepare a comprehensive study of the Internet-related issues within the mandate of the Organization, including access to information and knowledge, freedom of expression, privacy, and ethical dimensions of the information society. The resulting study deals inter alia with journalism safety issues, and the draft findings will be shared at WPFD 2015.

•What more can be done to assist journalists’ safety in “hotspots” –is there a role for the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity?
• What are the gaps in journalistic practice thatcould better safeguard privacy and security of data?
• With ever more sophisticated surveillance by diverse actors, how can we reinforce protection of journalists’ sources? What are the consequences of public trust for journalistsis surveillance becomes ever more pervasive?
• Are established limitations of surveillance, indicated in various international instruments, sufficient in addressing the boundaries between the right to privacy and authorities’ justifications to surveillance?
• How can media itself contribute to improving individuals’ levels of digital security? What are the specific MIL competencies that every journalist practitioner should develop?



  
Building Digital Safty For Journalism, A survey of selected issues.

In order to improve global understanding of emerging safety threats linked to digital developments, UNESCO commissioned this research within the Organization’s on-going efforts to implement the UN Inter-Agency Plan on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, spearheaded by UNESCO. The UN Plan was born in UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), which concentrates much of its work on promoting safety for journalists.

 News :

International Jazz Day 2015, April 30


Día Internacional del Jazz, 30 de Abril.
Journée Internationale du Jazz, 30 Avril.
International Jazz Day, 30 April.
 اليوم الدولي للجاز





 Message from Ms Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of International Jazz Day,30 April 2015.
Henri Matisse once defined Jazz as“rhythm and meaning”.Jazz means music at its most creative, its most free.
Jazz means diversity at its most varied–-from free jazz, swing and Afro-Cuban jazz to Latin jazz, Indo jazz, acid jazz and jazz rap... each style reflects a rich blend of local, national and regional influences. Jazz means dialogue, reaching out to others, bringing everyone on board.Jazz means respecting the human rights and dignity of every woman and man, no matter their background.

Jazz means understanding others, letting them speak, listening with respect. Jazz means courage –it means standing up for freedom, in the spirit of solidarity.All of this is the power of jazz –expressed most of all in its ability to touch upon the essential of human experience, which is sharing values and emotions, aspirations and dreams.  In times of change and uncertainty, we need the spirit of jazz more than ever before,to bring people –-especially young women and men–together, to nurture freedom and dialogue, to create new bridges of respect and understanding, for  greater tolerance and cooperation.In essence, jazz is a music of peace, and this has never been so important, to fight against new forms of hatred, racism and discrimination, and to strengthen humanity as a single community, sharing a past and a destiny. On this International Jazz Day, women and men across the world are joining together to celebrate this power.

This year,the event is woven into the celebration of UNESCO’s 70th anniversary,and we are putting out the message to people everywhere, from Paris to Sidney. With the support of the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz and jazz giant, UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador Herbie Hancock, live performances, jam sessions, workshops are being organized all around the world. Come join us!

Irina Bokova





Presented each year on April 30th in partnership with the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz, International Jazz Day encourages and highlights the power of jazz as a force for freedom and creativity, promoting intercultural dialogue through respect and understanding, uniting people from all corners of the globe. The celebration is recognized on the official calendars of both UNESCO and the United Nations, and this year will be a significant part of UNESCO’s 70th Anniversary celebration.

According to Director-General Bokova, “Jazz means dialogue, reaching out to others, bringing everyone on board. It means respecting the human rights and dignity of every woman and man, no matter their background. It means understanding others, letting them speak, listening in the spirit of respect. All this is why we join together to celebrate jazz – this music of freedom is a force for peace, and its messages have never been more vital than they are today, in times of turbulence, in the year when we celebrate the 70th anniversary of UNESCO. This All-Star Concert will be a major moment in a turning point year.”
“On April 30th, there will be a worldwide celebration honoring jazz,” said Ambassador Hancock. “Every single country on all seven continents will shine the spotlight on jazz for 24 hours straight, sharing the beauty, passion, and ethics of the music. Educators, visual artists, writers, philosophers, intellectuals, dancers, musicians of all ages and skill levels, photographers, filmmakers, videographers, bloggers and jazz enthusiasts will participate in Jazz Day by openly exchanging ideas through performances, education programs, and other creative endeavors.”


Forum : International Jazz Day - April 30
 International Jazz Day recognizes the historical, cultural, and educational contribution of jazz.


Events :  International Jazz Day All-Star Global Concert - Streamed live on 30 Apr 2015 from Paris.

The 2015 All-Star Global Concert will feature a cast of internationally renowned jazz artists including pianists John Beasley (Music Director), A Bu, Eliane Elias, Antonio Faraò, Isfar Sarabski and Herbie Hancock; trumpeters Till Brönner, Avishai Cohen, Hugh Masekela and Claudio Roditi; vocalists Dee Dee Bridgewater, Al Jarreau, Annie Lennox, Rudy Pérez and Dianne Reeves; saxophonists Igor Butman, Femi Kuti, Guillaume Perret and Wayne Shorter; bassists James Genus, Marcus Miller and Ben Williams; guitarist Lee Ritenour; drummer Terri Lyne Carrington, percussionist Mino Cinelu, harmonica player Grégoire Maret, and oud player Dhafer Youssef.



International Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare 2015 - April 29

International Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare, April 29.
اليوم العالمي لإحياء ذكرى جميع ضحايا الحرب الكيماوية - 29 أبريل
 
On behalf of the technical secretariat of the OPCW.


United Nations Secretary-General's Message for the International Day of Remembrance for all victims of Chemical Warfare 2015.

This year’s Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare is more significant than ever as it marks the 100th anniversary of the first time chemical weapons were deployed on a large scale in battle.
The events in Ypres in 1915 should be a distant memory – but the frightening truth is we are still grappling with the inhumane and indiscriminate effects of chemical weapons today. One hundred years after chlorine gas was used a weapon of war in Ypres, such horrific weapons continue to threaten humankind.
It is an outrage that 90 years after the 1925 Geneva Protocol and nearly 20 years after the entry into force of the Chemical Weapons Convention the list of those we mourn on this Day only grows longer. The world has learned too little from the past – at the expense of innocent people whose lives have been destroyed by chemical attacks.
Just two years ago, reports of the use of chemical weapons in Syria served as a shocking wake-up call to the international community about the continuing threat posed by these inhumane weapons. The horrific images of the victims of chemical weapons in Syria should continue to haunt us all.
The multinational effort to rid Syria of its chemical weapons programme clearly demonstrated what can be achieved when the international community unites. Nearly all of Syria’s chemical weapon materials have now been removed or destroyed, and the destruction of the remaining chemical weapons production facilities in the country has commenced. This has been one bright moment in an otherwise devastating conflict which must urgently end for the sake of the country’s people, the region and our world.
The most recent reports of the continued alleged use of toxic chemicals as a weapon in the Syrian conflict are deeply disturbing. I strongly condemn any such use by any party to the conflict, call for the perpetrators of such acts to be brought to justice, and reiterate that any use of chemical weapons under any circumstances would be a grave violation of the 1925 Protocol and other relevant rules of customary international law.
On this tragic centenary, I stress again the importance of the Chemical Weapons Convention and strongly urge those few countries that still remain outside this framework to adhere to it without further delay. We will need to maintain our common vigilance until universal membership is attained.
There is no more meaningful way to collectively honour the victims of chemical warfare and make sure that humankind is forever liberated from the ominous threat of the use of chemical weapons. On this Day of Remembrance, let us do more than recall the past; let us shape a new future by renewing our common pledge to rid the world of chemical weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction.

Ban Ki-moon





Forum : Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare - 29 April

Events : Ieper: A Centenary Commemoration


On 21 April 2015, the OPCW will mark the centenary of the first large-scale use of chemical weapons with a commemorative meeting of its Member States in Ieper, Belgium. This event will serve to honour the memory of all victims of chemical warfare over the past century, as well as to re-dedicate collective efforts to rid the world of chemical weapons. To this end, a Declaration will be issued by the States Parties.

 The event will be live webcast from approximately 11 a.m to 12.30 a.m (CET) and will be available on our homepage as well as on the commemorative website ieper100.org.



Statements









  Resources : 




“It’s impressivehow quickly the Allies figured out what the new poisons were, typically in a matter of weeks, sometimes even days,”Gal says. After all, he says, this was 1915, well before the introduction of top-notch analytical equipment.
Tear Gases, Chlorine, Phosgene, Diphosgene, Mustard Gas : Chemical Warfare during the World War I

World Intellectual Property Day 2015, April 26

World Intellectual Property Day - April 26
Theme 2015 : Get up, stand up. For music.
 
世界知识产权日──4月26日.

 2015年世界知识产权日——因乐而动,为乐维权

 2015 г. – Поднимайся, вставай! За музыку!


 Journée mondiale de la Propriété Intellectuelle, 25 Avril.
 Thème 2015 - Tous pour la musique!

ليوم العالمي للملكية الفكرية 
-2015  انهض وقاوم. من أجل






 WIPO Director General Francis Gurry speaks on the importance of a fair deal for musicians, creators and performers in the digital economy.


Music is part of an extraordinary revolution that is taking place around us, a revolution that is fundamentally changing the way creative works are produced, distributed and consumed.
Thanks to digital technology and the Internet, we now have access to more music than ever before. The Internet has created a global marketplace and global stage for music. That is a wonderful thing for music lovers all over the world.
We need to ensure that we do not lose sight of creators and performers in the new digital economy. Is their role given sufficient value in these new systems? This is an essential question. It is essential for a vibrant culture that creators, composers, songwriters and performers are able to enjoy a decent economic existence through deriving economic value from their music. Without them, we don't have music.
Enormous artistic, personal, social and economic effort goes into the creation and the performance of music. We must find a way of ensuring its sustainability in the economy. My message for World Intellectual Property Day is – do not take music for granted; value it.
Today is a day to "get up, stand up, for music" – to ensure that our musicians get a fair deal, and that we value their creativity and their unique contribution to our lives.
 WIPO Director General Francis Gurry


Today is a day to “get up, stand up, for music” – to
ensure that our musicians get a fair deal, and that
we value their creativity and their unique contribution
to our lives.



ForumWorld Intellectual Property Day - April 26
 Invitation and program for the roundtable discussion "Get Up, Stand Up: What's Ahead for Music"

Activities :  IP Day 2015 film festival, Cinémas du Grütli, Geneva, April 23–26 (free entrance)

Exhibits : "It's always rock and roll" : An exhibition at WIPO featuring 40 photographs of iconic rock stars by photojournalist Janet Macoska (Geneva, April 14–30)

Find what's happening in your country.

Get up and Stand up for  Music - World Intellectual Property Day 2015

 Resources : 

 WIPO Convention 
 The WIPO Convention came into force in 1970 – as World IP Day with the aim of increasing general understanding of IP.

Intellectual property rights shape and underpin the myriad commercial deals that take place within the music industry every day. Find out how.

Music and the movies
Interview with Randall Poster, who has supervised the music for over 100 films, including The Grand Budapest Hotel, The Wolf of Wall Street and Skyfall.

Cary Sherman, CEO of the Recording Industry Association of American, shares his passion for music in his message for World IP Day.

Monday, 27 April 2015

World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2015 [ILO] - April 28

 世界日安全與健康工作,4月28日。
 2015年主题:“参与建设保障职业安全与健康的预防文化”

 Всемирный день безопасности и здоровья на рабочем месте, 28 апреля. 


World Day for Safety and Health at Work, April 28.
Theme 2015 :  Join in building a culture of prevention on OSH






The World Day for Safety and Health at Work is an annual international campaign to promote safe, healthy and decent work. It is held on 28 April and has been observed by the International Labour Organization (ILO) since 2003.28 April has also long been associated with the world's trade union movement's commemoration of the victims of occupational accidents and diseases.

Every year some two million men and women lose their lives through accidents and diseases linked to their work. In addition, there are 270 million occupational accidents and 160 million occupational diseases each year, incurring US$ 2.8 trillion in costs for lost working time and expenses for treatment, compensation and rehabilitation. Fatalities, accidents and illness at work are highly preventable and we have an obligation to act.
The annual World Day for Safety and Health at Work on 28 April promotes the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally. It is an awareness-raising campaign intended to focus international attention on the magnitude of the problem and on how promoting and creating a safety and health culture can help reduce the number of work-related deaths and injuries.

Each of us is responsible for stopping deaths and injuries on the job. As governments we are responsible for providing the infrastructure — laws and services — necessary to ensure that workers remain employable and that enterprises flourish; this includes the development of a national policy and programme and a system of inspection to enforce compliance with occupational safety and health legislation and policy. As employers we are responsible for ensuring that the working environment is safe and healthy. As workers we are responsible to work safely and to protect ourselves and not to endanger others, to know our rights and to participate in the implementation of preventive measures.

Emerging risks at work

New and emerging occupational risks may be caused by technical innovation or by social or organizational change, such as:
  • New technologies and production processes, e.g. nanotechnology, biotechnology
  • New working conditions, e.g. higher workloads, work intensification from downsizing, poor conditions associated with migration for work, jobs in the informal economy
  • Emerging forms of employment, e.g. self-employment, outsourcing, temporary contracts
They may be more widely recognized through better scientific understanding, e.g. the effects of ergonomic risks on musculoskeletal disorders.
They may be influenced by changes in perceptions about the importance of certain risk factors, e.g. the effects of psychosocial factors on work-related stress.


 A national occupational safety and health culture is one in which the right to a safe and healthy working environment is respected at all levels, where governments, employers and workers actively participate in securing a safe and healthy working environment through a system of defined rights, responsibilities and duties, and where the highest priority is accorded to the principle of prevention.
Programme

  • Opening: Ms Sandra Polaski - ILO Deputy Director-General for Policy
  • Dr (Ms) Gan Siok Lin - Executive Director, Workplace Safety and Health Institute - Ministry of Manpower Singapore
  • Mr Ulas Yildiz - Legal Advisor, Turkish Confederation of Employers Associations (TISK)
  • Ms Silvana Cappuccio - Senior Officer, Italian General Confederation of Labour (CGIL), Member of the Workers’ Group of ILO Governing Body
  • Mr Hans-Horst Konkolewsky - Secretary General, International Social Security Association (ISSA)
  • Ms Nancy Leppink - Chief of the ILO Labour Administration, Labour Inspection and Occupational Safety and Health Branch (LABADMIN/OSH)
  • Launch of the 2015 SafeDay website:

 FORUM : World Day for Safety and Health at Work [ILO] - 28 April



28 April 2015, 14:30 | Geneva, ILO headquarters, Room XI (R2 South)
Join us to celebrate the World Day for Safety and Health at Work together!

Join in building a Culture of Prevention on OSH


 
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World Malaria Day 2015, April 25


Theme 2015 : Invest in the Future: Defeat Malaria.




News release
 
WHO is calling on the global health community to urgently address significant gaps in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of malaria. Despite dramatic declines in malaria cases and deaths since 2000, more than half a million lives are still lost to this preventable disease each year.
At least three quarters of malaria deaths occur in children under 5. Yet in 2013, only about 1 in 5 African children with malaria received effective treatment for the disease, 15 million pregnant women did not receive a single dose of the recommended preventive drugs, and an estimated 278 million people in Africa still live in households without a single insecticide-treated bednet.
“As we celebrate World Malaria Day on April 25, we must recognize the urgent need to expand prevention measures and quality-assured diagnostic testing and treatment to reduce the human suffering caused by malaria,” says Dr Hiroki Nakatani, WHO Assistant Director-General for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Updated treatment guidelines

Updated "Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria" are being issued by WHO this week. They include the latest recommendations on preventive treatment for infants, children under 5 and pregnant women. The updated guidelines should help expand access to recommended treatments.
For uncomplicated malaria cases, WHO recommends the use of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). Globally, 392 million ACT courses were procured by malaria-endemic countries in 2013, up from just 11 million in 2005. However, millions of people are still not treated for malaria, primarily because the communities most affected by the disease have limited access to health care.
WHO recommends diagnostic testing for all suspected malaria cases to ensure that malaria drugs are used only for those who have the disease and that—when a test is negative—other causes of fever are investigated. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are now widely available and more than 319 million were purchased in 2013 compared to 46 million in 2008. Despite this progress, nearly 40% of people with suspected malaria at public health facilities in Africa are not tested.
WHO also recommends that the most vulnerable groups in malaria-endemic areas of sub-Saharan Africa—pregnant women, children under 5, and infants—receive preventive treatment to reduce the risk of malaria infection. Preventive treatments are highly cost-effective, with the potential to save tens of thousands of lives each year. Coverage with such treatments, however, remains low and needs to be significantly scaled up.
The need to urgently address gaps in preventive treatment for malaria is also being highlighted by the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership, which has issued a global call to action to increase national coverage with preventive treatment in pregnancy.

Accelerating towards elimination—a new WHO strategy

WHO has developed a new global malaria strategy for the 2016-2030 period, which will be reviewed by the World Health Assembly in May 2015. Developed in close consultation with endemic countries and partners, the new strategy sets the target of reducing the disease burden by 40% by 2020, and by at least 90% by 2030. It also aims to eliminate the disease in at least 35 new countries by 2030. The strategy provides a comprehensive framework for countries to develop tailored programmes that will sustain and accelerate progress towards malaria elimination.
Commitments to malaria elimination have already been made by a number of countries and regions. In recent years, elimination efforts have been intensified in many parts of Africa—including in Southern Africa’s “Elimination 8” countries (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe)—in Central America and Hispaniola, as well as in South-East Asia. In 2014, heads of state at the East Asia Summit made a commitment to eliminate malaria from the Asia-Pacific by 2030 and WHO is currently working on an elimination strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion.
“We must take the malaria fight to the next level. Moving towards elimination will require high-level political commitment and robust financing, including substantial new investments in disease surveillance, health systems strengthening and research,” says Dr Pedro Alonso, Director of the WHO Global Malaria Programme. “In addition, we urgently need new tools to tackle emerging drug and insecticide resistance, as well as innovative approaches that will accelerate progress.”
Increased political commitment and greater funding have averted more than 4 million malaria deaths since 2001, and 55 of the 97 countries and territories with ongoing malaria transmission are on track to meet the current World Health Assembly target of reducing malaria incidence by 75% between 2000 and 2015.

Note to editors
World Malaria Day was instituted by WHO Member States during the 2007 World Health Assembly and is celebrated on 25 April each year. It is an occasion to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria control and elimination. The theme for the 2013-2015 campaign is “Invest in the Future. Defeat malaria”.
Roll Back Malaria (RBM) is a global partnership of national governments, civil society, non-governmental organizations, research institutions, professional associations, UN and development agencies, development banks, the private sector and the media.

Media contact:
Christian Lindmeier
Communications Officer
Mobile: +41 79 500 65 52
Telephone: +41 22 791 19 48
E-mail: lindmeierch@who.int

Alison Clements-Hunt
Communication Officer
Mobile: +41 79 386 3943
Telephone: +41 22 791 1995
E-mail: clementshuntal@who.int
 

Share the Facts
Working together with national governments and other donors, PMI has reached millions of people with life-saving prevention and treatment measures through a variety of approaches at hospitals, health facilities, and communities. Seventeen PMI focus countries have now reported declines in deaths among children under the age of five. These declines range from 18 percent (in both Liberia and Nigeria) to 55 percent (in both Senegal and Zambia). 

Share the facts below via Twitter to help spread the message about the fight against malaria.

Reduction in All-cause Mortality Rates of Children Under Five - President's Malaria Initiative (PMI)


    On April 25th people across the globe take part in a wide range of activities to mark World Malaria Day. For half the world every day is malaria day - a day to keep up the fight against this killer disease. This website is a communication and advocacy platform for civil society north and south to showcase your work , share resources , engage in dialogue, contribute views, ideas and events to mobilise the world against malaria.

World Malaria Day 2015 theme is Invest in Malaria, Defeat Malaria.


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PUBLICATIONS

Guardian shorts : The Deadly Air
Meet the cutting-edge scientists who are genetically modifying mosquitoes on the frontlines of the fight against one of the world’s deadliest diseases: malaria.Click here to read a free extract and buy the eBook for just £1.99

 Audio/Video :  World Malaria Day 2015.

For World Malaria Day, 25 April, WHO calls on the global health community to urgently address significant gaps in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of malaria. Despite dramatic declines in malaria cases and deaths since 2000, more than half a million lives are still lost to this preventable disease each year