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Thursday, 16 June 2016

World Refugee Day 2016, 20 June.

 
עולם פליטי היום, 20 ביוני.
世界難民日,6月20日。
World Refugee Day,  20 June.
Всемирный день беженцев, 20 июня.
Día Mundial de los Refugiados, 20 de junio.
Journée mondiale des réfugiés, le 20 Juin.
اليوم العالمي للاجئين 20 يونيو.

The terms refugee and migrant are often used interchangeably but do you know the difference?
  
 Theme 2016 : With Refugees.
Theme 2016: בפליטים.
2016年主題:難民
Тема 2016: с беженцами.
Tema 2016: Con los Refugiados.
Thème 2016: Avec les réfugiés
2016 فريق: مع اللاجئين.



Forced displacement has reached unprecedented levels, with more than 65 million people uprooted from their homes globally. New and recurring conflicts, and ever-more disturbing forms of violence and persecution, are driving people to flee in search of safety within their own countries, or to cross international borders as asylum seekers or refugees. Others are living in long-term exile, as solutions to protracted conflicts remain elusive. At the end of 2015, there were 21.3 million refugees, 3.2 million people in the process of seeking asylum, and 40.8 million people internally displaced within their own countries.
World Refugee Day is a moment for taking stock of the devastating impact of war and persecution on the lives of those forced to flee, and honouring their courage and resilience. It is also a moment for paying tribute to the communities and States that receive and host them, often in remote border regions affected by poverty, instability and underdevelopment, and beyond the gaze of international attention. Nine out of ten refugees are today living in poor and middle income countries close to situations of conflict.
Last year, more than 1 million refugees and migrants arrived in Europe across the Mediterranean, in unseaworthy dinghies and flimsy boats. Thousands did not make it -- tragic testimony to our collective failure to properly address their plight. Meanwhile, divisive political rhetoric on asylum and migration issues, rising xenophobia, and restrictions on access to asylum have become increasingly visible in certain regions, and the spirit of shared responsibility has been replaced by a hate-filled narrative of intolerance. We see a worrisome increase in the use of detention and in the construction of fences and other barriers.
With anti-refugee rhetoric so loud, it is sometimes difficult to hear the voices of welcome. But these do exist, all around the world. In the past year, in many countries and regions, we have witnessed an extraordinary outpouring of compassion and solidarity, as ordinary people and communities have opened their homes and their hearts to refugees, and States have welcomed new arrivals even while already hosting large numbers of refugees.
There is an urgent need to build on and amplify these positive examples. Our responses to refugees must be grounded in our shared values of responsibility sharing, non-discrimination, and human rights and in international refugee law, including the principle of non-refoulement. On 19 September, the UN High-Level Plenary of the General Assembly on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants will offer a historic opportunity to agree a global compact, with a commitment towards collective action and greater shared responsibility for refugees at its core.
We must stand together with the millions of men, women and children who flee their homes each year, to ensure that their rights and dignity are protected wherever they are, and that solidarity and compassion are at the heart of our collective response.

United Nations, Secreary General

The Secretary-General issued his report 'In Safety and Dignity: Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants' on 9 May 2016. 

The report focuses on three interdependent pillars. It calls for a new comprehensive framework and makes recommendations to address issues of common concern, including the causes of such movements, protecting those who are compelled to undertake such journeys and preventing discrimination and xenophobia frequently encountered.


Statement by the President Barack Obama on World Refugee Day (2016) - The White House

 
Today, on World Refugee Day, we recognize the challenges and hardships that refugees face, honor their courage and resilience in the face of overwhelming obstacles, and celebrate their many valuable contributions to our Nation. 
 
This year’s commemoration comes as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees reports that more people are displaced by rising violence, insecurity, and persecution than at any time on record.  More than 65 million people around the world – more than the population of France, or California and Texas combined – have been driven from their homes.  More than half are children.  The scale of this human suffering is almost unimaginable; the need for the world to respond is beyond question. 
Every day, members of the international community, humanitarian organizations, civil society, and individual citizens work to assist these vulnerable populations.  For our part, the United States provides more humanitarian assistance to refugees than any other nation and maintains the world’s largest refugee resettlement program.  We support programs that provide food, water, shelter, and medical care to refugees, and fight for their rights to safety, dignity and long-term livelihood opportunities. 
 
But responding to today’s unprecedented challenge requires all of us to do more.  In September, when world leaders meet for the UN General Assembly, I will convene a Leaders’ Summit on Refugees.  In advance of that Summit, the United States is urging other governments to contribute more funding for humanitarian aid operations, to grant more refugees the chance to work and attend school, and to provide more resettlement opportunities for refugees who cannot safely go home or remain where they are.  We are urging our non-governmental partners, including the private sector, to do more as well.  
 
Even as our aid supports refugees thousands of miles from here, each day, countless Americans do their part to welcome and support refugees as they start life anew in the United States.  The millions of refugees who have resettled here through the years have brought similar dreams of a better tomorrow.  Each has enriched the diverse mosaic that is America.  Their lives and their many accomplishments stand as a clear rebuke to the bigotry and brutality they fled, and serve as a powerful example of the human will to endure, hope, and achieve.
 
Today, we commemorate the spirit and strength of refugees worldwide and the dedication of those who help them on and after their journeys.  Protecting and assisting refugees is a part of our history as a Nation, and we will continue to alleviate the suffering of refugees abroad, and to welcome them here at home, because doing so reflects our American values and our noblest traditions as a Nation, enriches our society, and strengthens our collective security.
 
 
Barack Obama
44th President of the United States.




Press Statement by John Kerry, Secretary of State on U.N. World Refugee Day 2016, June 20th.


Today, we honor refugees’ resilience and courage. We also recognize the tremendous contributions made by local and international non-governmental organizations on the front lines of delivering life-saving assistance. This year’s commemoration comes at a time when brutal conflicts are forcing record numbers of innocent people to flee, and challenging the world to find better ways to protect them. The war in Syria alone has displaced more than 11 million people – half of that nation’s pre-war population. Millions more have fled Daesh’s atrocities in Iraq, civil wars in Yemen and South Sudan, political violence in Burundi, and Boko Haram’s rampages through Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, and Chad.
The number of forcibly displaced people is the largest ever recorded. Sixty-five million people are refugees, internally displaced or seeking asylum, five million more than a year ago.
World War II, another era of mass displacement, taught us indelible lessons about our collective duty to aid victims of conflict and persecution. The global humanitarian system our leaders assembled in the aftermath of that war has saved millions of lives. Throughout that time, the United States government has funded and continues to galvanize support for humanitarian operations. Last year alone, U.S. humanitarian aid exceeded $6 billion.
But this good work and the resources we and other donors provide are not keeping pace with today’s unprecedented needs – because there are so many refugees, because they are staying in exile longer, and because countries hosting them are overwhelmed. More than eight in ten who flee across borders take refuge in poor or middle income countries, often in countries struggling to provide even their own citizens with basic necessities like health care, education, and clean water.
The United States is determined to find solutions. That is why, on September 20, at the UN General Assembly in New York, President Obama will host a Leaders’ Summit on Refugees asking nations to make concrete commitments toward expanding the humanitarian safety net and creating more long-term, durable opportunities for refugees. In the meantime, we will remain committed to providing humanitarian assistance across the globe, while also expanding our own refugee resettlement program – from nearly 70,000 admitted last year to 85,000 from across the world in 2016.
The refugees we welcome to the United States will join previous generations who have come to this country to escape violence and persecution – threats to human life and dignity that remain all too real today. History celebrates such moments when we have overcome bias and fear, and opened our doors. Those who have walked through them have made immeasurable contributions to our community of citizens and enriched our lives. Their achievements are a testament to the potential all humans have to heal, to overcome loss, to start over, and to the obligation we share, to give future generations that chance.

John Kerry
U.S. Department of State

U.S. Department of State Recognizes World Refugee Day



In honor of World Refugee Day on June 20, officials from the U.S. Department of State are participating in a variety of outreach activities in Baltimore, Washington, D.C., New York City, and New Jersey to honor the contributions of refugees making new lives in communities across the U.S.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will be attending an interfaith Iftar reception this evening at the All Dulles Area Muslim Society center in Sterling, Virginia, where he is looking forward to meeting with refugee families and the communities that have so generously welcomed them to the United States. He will be joined in making remarks and meeting with community leaders by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Special Envoy Angelina Jolie Pitt, a tireless advocate on behalf of refugees.

This afternoon, the Secretary and Special Envoy Jolie Pitt will meet with a group of State Department employees who are former refugees or the sons and daughters of refugees. Following that roundtable, the Secretary and Special Envoy will hold a bilateral meeting to discuss refugee and other issues. The Secretary will also speak with a group of college students who are visiting the Department to participate in the U.S. Diplomacy Center’s diplomatic simulation on refugees and forced displacement. He will have the opportunity to see young Americans engaged in learning how to resolve a simulated humanitarian crisis through diplomacy.

Ambassador Samantha Power will represent the United States Mission to the United Nations later tonight at a photo exhibit organized jointly with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) at the New York Public Library.

Recognizing refugees’ contributions to American society, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken will represent the Department at a naturalization ceremony being held today at the Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C. He will deliver remarks, and welcome some of America’s newest citizens to a nation founded on the perseverance and dedication of immigrants. Deputy Secretary Blinken will also attend a small, informal training session for community leaders from across the United States who came to America as refugees and are dedicated to helping arriving refugees to integrate successfully.

U.S. Deputy Secretary for Management and Resources Heather Higginbottom will participate in a public service announcement sponsored by the Ad Council. Through this campaign, Deputy Secretary Higginbottom will explain the strength and importance of the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program, and will highlight the positive impact that refugees have on their communities.

This past weekend, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration Anne C. Richard spoke with refugees in Baltimore at a World Refugee Day event sponsored by representatives of the local community. Joined by the Mayor of Baltimore Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, Assistant Secretary Richard conveyed her deep, heartfelt appreciation for the Baltimore community’s outstanding support for refugees, and her admiration for those who are leading successful lives in their new homes. Today, Assistant Secretary Richard, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Anne Patterson, and U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Linda Thomas-Greenfield will discuss the refugee crisis and other foreign policy issues at a luncheon held today by the Women’s Foreign Policy Group.

Special Representative for Religion and Global Affairs Shaun Casey will travel to New Jersey later this week to attend a World Refugee Day event hosted by a local resettlement agency, highlight the role of religious communities in welcoming refugees, and thank local volunteers for their contributions. Special Representative to Muslim Communities Shaarik Zafar and Assistant Secretary Richard will join the Secretary at the interfaith dinner tonight at the All Dulles Area Muslim Society in Sterling, Virginia.

Special Representative for Business and Commercial Affairs Ziad Haidar is meeting today with business owners and refugees to discuss how refugees can and do fill roles much in demand in today’s economy – from healthcare to education to technology.

These efforts demonstrate the Department’s commitments to leading the global response to refugee crises, through the provision of humanitarian assistance and in marshaling our diplomatic resources to ask every individual and every nation to do more.

Building on this commitment, President Obama will co-host the Leaders’ Summit on Refugees in New York on September 20. The goal of the President’s summit is to expand the humanitarian safety net and create more long-term, durable opportunities for refugees.

The United States remains committed to finding safe, new lives for the world’s most vulnerable people as they flee conflict, terrorism, and persecution.




In a world where violence forces hundreds of families to flee each day, the UN Refugee Agency believes now is the time to show world leaders that the global public stands with refugees, and it will launch its #WithRefugees petition on June 20th to send a message to governments that they must work together and do their fair share for refugees.
 
The #WithRefugees petition aims to gather public support for the growing number of families forced to flee conflict and persecution worldwide, who currently face heightened anti-refugee rhetoric coupled with greater restrictions to asylum, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
“We are in a period of deepening conflict and turmoil in the world, which is causing many more people to flee their homes than before,” said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. “It affects and involves us all, and what it needs is understanding, compassion and political will to come together and find real answers for the refugee plight. This has become a defining challenge of our times,” he said.
In 2015, millions of people were newly displaced, adding again to the global refugee and internal displacement totals. Overwhelmingly, it was countries of the developing world that were most affected, but Europe too witnessed dramatic scenes, as hundreds of thousands of people crossed the Mediterranean in search of safety and refuge. Thousands died along the way, according to the agency chief.
“At the same time, there was an extraordinary outpouring of empathy and solidarity, as ordinary people and communities opened their homes and their hearts to refugees, and some countries have welcomed new arrivals even while already hosting large numbers of refugees,” he explained and added: “The #WithRefugees campaign and petition aims to amplify those voices of welcome and show that the world stands with refugees.”
The petition calls on Governments to ensure that every refugee child gets an education, every refugee family has somewhere safe to live, and every refugee can work or learn new skills to make a positive contribution to their community.
Among those celebrities are UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Cate Blanchett, best-selling author Khaled Hosseini and supermodel and former refugee Alek Wek.
Others lending support include faith leaders Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Venerable V. Vajiramedhi, as well as actors Benedict Cumberbatch, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Margot Robbie, Ben Stiller and Dame Helen Mirren and singers Juanes, Mika, Maher Zain and Babaa Maal.
“We are in the middle of a catastrophic displacement crisis that has already uprooted millions of innocent families, and seen too many lose their lives trying to reach safety,” said Ms. Blanchett.
“The ultimate solution is political – we need peace and stability. But whilst we wait for that, we – as people with a voice – can and must play our part,” she stressed, urging all countries to take a shared responsibility for ensuring refugees have protection, shelter and the chance to live a productive life. “If enough of us stand together, we will be heard.”
“Refugees are mothers, fathers, sisters, brothers, children, with the same hopes and ambitions as us; except that a twist of fate has bound their lives to a global refugee crisis on an unprecedented scale,” said Mr. Hosseini.

The petition will be delivered to the UN Headquarters in New York, ahead of September’s High-Level Meeting of the General Assembly on addressing large movements of refugees and migrants.



Forum : The terms refugee and migrant are often used interchangeably but do you know the difference?

The #WithRefugees petition will be delivered to UN headquarters in New York ahead of the UN General Assembly meeting on September 19. The petition asks governments to:
  • Ensure every refugee child gets an education.
  • Ensure every refugee family has somewhere safe to live.
  • Ensure every refugee can work or learn new skills to make a positive contribution to their community


Mediterranean sea arrivals

Events :

Ahead of the World Refugee Day on 20 June, more than 60 film, TV and music stars have joined refugees, faith leaders and the United Nations refugee agency staff to back a petition highlighting the plight of forcibly displaced people.


Find out about the UN General Assembly high-level Summit to be held on 19 September,2016 on Refugees and Migrants . 

Angelina Jolie Pitt, the UN refugee agency's special envoy, has warned that the international humanitarian system for refugees is breaking down. Ms Jolie Pitt has been speaking as part of the BBC's World on the Move day of coverage of global migration issues. She warned against a "fear of migration" and a "race to the bottom" as countries competed to be the toughest to protect themselves.





 
Ensuring access to territorial protection and asylum procedures; protection against refoulement; and the adoption of nationality laws that prevent andor reduce statelessness


Securing birth registration, profiling and individual documentation based on registration
 
Reducing protection risks faced by people of concern, in particular, discrimination, sexual and gender-based violence and specific risks faced by children 


 
Reducing mortality, morbidity and malnutrition through multi-sectoral interventions


Meeting international standards in relation to shelter, domestic energy, water, sanitation and hygiene

Promoting active participation in decision making of people of concern and building coexistence with hosting communities



Promoting Human potential through increased opportunities for quality education and livelihoods support



Expanding opportunities for durable solutions for people of concern...

Audio/Video :

Watch the media launch by the Deputy Secretary-General, Jan Eliasson, and the Special Adviser, Karen AbuZayd.


Briefing to the media by United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Mr. Jan Eliasson, and the Special Adviser on the Summit on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants, Ms. Karen AbuZayd, on the launch of the Secretary-General's report "In Safety and Dignity: Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants".
 
 
 
 
#WithRefugees | Lim Bol is a refugee of knowledge
#WithRefugees | Tinalbarka dreams of becoming a lawyer
#WithRefugees | Solaf loves sports and dreams of living in America
#WithRefugees | Mojtaba dreams of finding a cure for cancer
#WithRefugees | Carmen hopes to inspire other women through her work
#WithRefugees | Baw Meh dreams of a better future for her grandchildren
#WithRefugees | Irene dreams of empowering women at her training centre
 
 

 
 
Publications :
The UNHCR WASH Manual is a comprehensive and authoritative reference document for WASH interventions in refugee settings, built upon the experience of UNHCR and WASH organisations.
 



 


 
Interviews : 

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought 2016, June 17

עולם היום למאבק במדבור בצורת, 17 ביוני.
防治荒漠化和乾旱世界日,6月17日。
World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, June 17.
Всемирный день по борьбе с опустыниванием и засухой, 17 июня.
Día Mundial de Lucha contra la Desertificación y la Sequía, 17 de junio.
Journée mondiale de la lutte contre la désertification et la sécheresse, le 17 Juin.
اليوم العالمي لمكافحة التصحر والجفاف، 17 حزيران.



Theme 2016 : Protect Earth, Restore Land, Engage People.
  2016 טמה: להגן על כדור הארץ, שחזר לארץ, להעסיק אנשים.
Tema 2016: Proteger la tierra, recuperar las tierras comprometer a la gente.
 2016年主題:保護地球,恢復土地,搞的人。
2016 Tema: защитить Землю, восстановление земли, привлечь людей.
Theme 2016 : Protéger la Terre, la restauration des terres, Engage personnes.
2016 تيما : حماية الأرض، واستعادة الأرض، إشراك الناس.

Protect Earth, Restore Land, Engage People.

United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon on World Day to Combat desertification and Drought 2016, June 17th.
“Protect Earth. Restore land. Engage people”


Desertification, land degradation, drought and climate change are interconnected. As a result of
land degradation and climate change, the severity and frequency of droughts have been increasing, along with floods and extreme temperatures. More than 50 per cent of agricultural land is moderately or severely degraded, with 12 million hectares lost to production each year.
 
 
The livelihoods and well-being of hundreds of millions of people are at stake. Nearly 800 million people are chronically undernourished as a direct consequence of land degradation, declining
soil fertility, unsustainable water use, drought and biodiversity loss. Over the next 25 years, land
degradation could reduce global food productivity by as much as 12 per cent, leading to a 30 per cent
increase in world food prices.
 
 
Without a long-term solution, desertification and land degradation will not only affect food
supply but lead to increased migration and threaten the stability of many nations and regions. This is
why world leaders made land degradation neutrality one of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. That means rehabilitating at least 12 million hectares of degraded land a year.
 
 
One important approach is sustainable, climate-smart agriculture. This will not only help communities to build resilience to climate change, it will also support mitigation by taking carbon from the atmosphere and putting it back in the soil. The transition to sustainable agriculture will also alleviate poverty and generate employment, especially among the world’s poorest. By 2050, it could create some 200 million jobs across the entire food production system.

 
Our theme for this year’s World Day to Combat Desertification is: “Protect Earth. Restore land.
Engage people.” On this Day, I urge cooperation among all actors to help achieve land degradation
neutrality as part of a broader effort to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and build a future of dignity and opportunity for all.
 
 
Ban Ki-moon,
United Nations Secretary-General
 
 
 



Protect Earth. Restore Land. Engage People.

Nearly half of the global population was living below the poverty line in 1980. By 2012 that number was down to about 13%. This means more of us today have the freedom to choose how we live: what we eat or drink, how we spend our time and, even, how we earn our incomes. But ours might be the last generation with such a sizeable global population enjoying these freedoms. Why?
 
The freedoms we enjoy are made possible by the wide array of land resources we draw on to develop, such as fertile soils, fresh water or the plant and animal life in grasslands and forests.


But this freedom to choose has come at a very high price: the degradation of more than 2 billion hectares of all the productive land available to humankind. Today, for every three hectares of land that was productive to start with, one hectare is virtually unusable.
Our inclination to degrade new land instead of fixing and re‐using the land that is already
degraded means future generations cannot benefit from the same resources. What’s more, the greenhouse gases we emit through our choices are changing the weather patterns so dramatically, they are hastening the destruction of the remaining land resources. Droughts, flashfloods, rainy and hot seasons that are unpredictable, more intense, frequent and widespread are stripping the land bare of its resources faster than ever before.
The rights we claim to enjoy these land resources come with a heavy moral obligation to manage them well. More so, as we may be, literally, the last generation that can significantly slow down the accelerated loss of the land resources left. This generation – our generation – has the time, human, knowledge and financial means to reverse these trends, and restore a vast amount of the degraded lands. But we must work together.
Will we rise to the occasion?
Last year, 193 countries pledged to strive to become land degradation neutral by 2030. It
means that you and I made the commitment to maintain the amount of productive land
 available within our borders during the next 15 years and beyond, or better still, to increase it. If one hectare of land is degraded, we would strive to restore back to health an equal amount of some degraded land.
Ninety countries have already signed up to the challenge and are setting their national targets. This is admirable. But it is not enough when at least 169 countries are affected by land degradation or drought, and all countries are indirectly impacted by them. Actions to avoid, halt and reverse land degradation must begin now with everyone fully engaged.
 
 The prospect of a land degradation neutral world grows dimmer if we procrastinate. But it shines brighter each time a person or country joins the campaign to restore degraded land or the battle against the degradation of new land.
Land degradation neutrality should be a top policy goal for every nation that values freedom
and choice. Conserving land and restoring that which is degraded back to health is not a
benefit that only flows to the billions of people who eke out a living directly from the land. It
is a vote to safeguard our own freedoms of choice, and those of our children. It is also a
moral standard against which we may well be judged by history.
 
 
Monique Barbut,
 Executive Secretary, UNCCD

 

Forum : World Day to Combat Desertification is observed every year on 17 June.


 The Campaign "Protect Earth, Restore Land, Engage People"  Promote public awareness of the issue, and the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa.


Percentage Increase of water productivity

This year’s World Day to Combat Desertification advocates for the importance of inclusive cooperation to restore and rehabilitate degraded land and contribute towards achieving the overall Sustainable Development Goals. Land has been an overlooked component in sustainable development for years. Now, we view land as a vital link to provide solutions to cope with many other development challenges such as climate change, secure water and energy resources, promoting inclusive growth, and so on.

Witness to Climate Change in the Sahel
Out of Affrica, Part I, New York Times
Out of Africa Part II, New York Times
Out of Africa Part III, New York Times



Events :

CHINA :
 ''One Belt and One Road Joint Action to Combating Desertification Initiative
The global observance event on 17 June 2016 will be held in Beijing, China, hosted by the State Forestry Administration of China (SFA).

As the host country of this year's global observance, China is planning a series of events. The global observance will be held on 17 June in People's Congress Hall in the morning and Beijing International Hotel in the afternoon. About 300 people are expected to participate in the event. At the global observance, China will announce the “One Belt and One Road Joint Action to Combating Desertification Initiative” together with interested countries and stakeholders.

In the afternoon of 17 June, the China Green Foudation​ will organize a CSO event to share cases on sustainable land management, conserving and restoring land, public awareness education, etc.
Lanzhou International Marathon is one of China's most well-known marathons held in the northwest dryland region of China. Over 40,000 runners are expected to participate in the run this year. The organizing committee will integrate the World Day message as the theme for this year's marathon. The message will be sent through the event via social media. The marathon will be held on 11 June. On the same day, a WDCD Pavilion will be held on the spot.

From 17 June to 16 July, the WDCD slogan, “Protect Earth. Restore Land. Engage People.” will be displayed in the subway trains in cities of Shanghai and Guangzhou.


NAMIBIA :  In Windhoek from 15-19 August 2016. African Drought Conference  will be held.
 The Ministry of Environment and Tourism in Namibia calls for abstracts for the Conference


UNCCD PRAIS Glossary



Publication : UNCCD Library online public access catalogue.
Climate Change and Land Degradation

  • Investing in land degradation neutrality is a smart and cost effective way of getting things done.
  • We are determined to achieve land degradation neutrality through active partnerships with all key stakeholders.
  • The Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel could play a decisive role in the future of the African continent.
     
 
 News :



Audio/Video :

Resources :
MainHtml
 
 
 



Yemen braces for locust ‘plague’

World Blood Donor Day 2016, June 14

世界獻血者日,6月14日。
Всемирный день донора крови, 14 июня.
World Blood Donor Day, 14 June.
Día Mundial del Donante de Sangre, 14 de junio.
Journée mondiale du donneur de sang, 14 Juin.
يوم العالمي للمتبرعين بالدم 14 يونيو.


 A way of motivating regular blood donors to continue giving Blood, and to motivate people in good health.

Theme 2016 : "Blood connects us all."
Тема 2016: "Кровь соединяет нас всех»,
2016年的主題:“接我們所有人”,
Tema 2016: "Tu sangre me solvo la vida, Comparte la vida, dona sangre",
Thème 2016 : Votre sang m'a sauvé la vie, Partagez la vie, Donnez votre sang.
موضوع 2016: "الدم يربط لنا جميعا"،






“Although we have many external differences, the same vital blood pumps through all our veins,” said Dr Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General. “Voluntary, unpaid blood donation is the act of giving life – the greatest gift any person can give or receive.”

About 108 million blood donations are collected globally every year. Nearly 50% of these blood donations are collected in high-income countries, home to less than 20% of the world’s population. The average blood donation rate is more than 9 times greater in high-income countries than in low-income countries.

However, in many countries, demand exceeds supply, and blood services face the challenge of making sufficient blood available, while also ensuring its quality and safety. An adequate supply can only be assured through regular donations by voluntary, unpaid blood donors.
Regular voluntary unpaid blood donors are the foundation of a safe blood supply because they are associated with low levels of infection that can be transmitted by transfusions, including HIV and hepatitis viruses. Around the world, 25 countries are unable to screen all donated blood for one or more of these infections due to irregular supply of test kits, staff shortages, poor quality test kits, or lack of basic quality in laboratories.

WHO encourages all countries to establish blood services based on full voluntary non-remunerated blood donations. Today, only 62 countries get close to 100% of their national blood supplies from voluntary unpaid blood donations, with 34 countries still dependent on family donors and even paid donors for more than 75% of their blood supply. Blood can be used whole, or separated into its component parts, such as red blood cells, platelets, plasma, and other “substances” that can be used to treat a wide range of diseases. A single unit of blood can be used to benefit several patients.

Transfusions of blood and blood products helps save millions of lives every year, including during emergencies such as conflicts, natural disasters, and childbirth. It can help patients suffering from life-threatening conditions live longer and with higher quality of life, and supports complex medical and surgical procedures.


Message from Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, World Health Organization South-East Asia Region - WHO SEARO,On the occasion of World Blood Donor Day (14 June 2016).


Safe blood transfusion saves millions of lives each year. Blood cannot be synthesized artificially. Human beings are the sole source of this precious, life-saving product. It can help patients suffering from life-threatening conditions live longer and enjoy a higher quality of life, and supports complex medical and surgical procedures. It likewise has an essential, life-saving role in maternal and child care, and also during man-made and natural disasters.
But blood transfusions can also be a source of disease transmission. Blood screening helps maximize the safety of blood transfusion. The risk of infections transmitted through blood transfusion can be considerably reduced by promoting voluntary, non-remunerated blood donations. WHO’s goal is for all countries to obtain their blood supplies from voluntary and non-remunerated blood donors by 2020.
On 14 June every year countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day in collaboration with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the International Society of Blood Transfusion, the International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations and various other partners and stakeholders. The event serves to thank voluntary, non-remunerated blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood and to raise awareness of the need for regular blood donations to ensure adequate availability of blood and blood products for all patients in need.
The theme of this year’s campaign is “Blood connects us all”. It focuses on thanking blood donors, and highlights the dimension of sharing and the connection between blood donors and patients. In addition, we have adopted the slogan “share life, give blood” to draw attention to the role that the voluntary donation system plays in encouraging people to care for one another and
in promoting community cohesion.
Against an annual estimated requirement of 18 million blood units in the South-East Asia Region, around 15.9 million units are collected every year. Around 82% of donated blood is obtained from voluntary donors. 100% of collected blood is screened for transfusion-transmitted infections. In 2000, WHO developed a global strategy for safe blood to reduce the global burden of diseases due to unsafe transfusion. This strategy emphasizes the need for establishing nationally coordinated blood transfusion services
There is a need to involve, educate and empower communities to regularly and voluntarily donate blood to meet national needs. WHO has been at the vanguard of the movement to improve global blood safety since 1975, as mandated by successive World Health Assembly resolutions. The Regional Office for South East Asia is working closely with member states to support them to escalate their blood transfusion services.
The Regional Office will continue to provide technical support to efforts in the region to augment the availability of safe blood. We are also committed to working closely with collaborating organizations to promote voluntary blood donations through the active involvement of governmental and nongovernmental organizations. Together, we are striving towards the ultimate aim of assuring universal access to safe blood and blood products.

Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director,
WHO SEARO Office
 
 
 
On 14 June 2016, the African Region joins the global community to commemorate World Blood Donor Day under the theme “Blood connects us all”. This theme aims to highlight the dimension of sharing and connection between blood donors and patients and to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood.
Blood transfusion has an essential life-saving role in all aspects of health care including maternal and child care, particularly in cases of haemorrhage during or after childbirth, severe anaemia; for victims of trauma and accidents; and in the event of man-made and natural disasters. It also supports complex medical and surgical procedures in health care, among others.
In the WHO African Region, the demand for transfusion of blood and blood products is high and the national blood transfusion services are facing the challenge of making sufficient, safe and quality blood and blood products available. From 2013 to 2016, blood donations rose from about 3.9 million units to 4.4 million units. That is 11.4 percent of increase, but this will still cover only around 50 percent of the annual requirement of blood. So far, only 21 countries are collecting 80 to 100 percent of their national blood needs through voluntary unpaid blood donors.
The shortage of blood in most countries in the African Region is often due to the weak implementation of policies, and lack of systems and structures to ensure an adequate supply of safe blood and blood products to meet the needs of all patients requiring transfusion. In addition, most young people and adults have not yet embraced the culture of voluntarism when it comes to blood donation.
I express my gratitude to voluntary unpaid blood donor for their regular blood donation and thank blood donor associations, nongovernmental organizations and volunteer groups which are working alongside health workers to make safe blood available throughout the African Region.
Concrete actions are needed to improve the safety, quality, accessibility and timely availability of blood and blood products in the African Region. As we commemorate World Blood Donor Day, I call upon every healthy person, national health officials, patient groups, professional societies, civil society organizations, the private sector and international organizations to work towards ensuring their countries’ self-sufficiency in safe blood and blood products. This will contribute towards achieving universal health coverage and Sustainable Development Goals in the African Region.
WHO remains committed to continue to provide technical support to Member States to strengthen service delivery and safety as well as improve access to safe blood and blood products for patients in need in the African Region.

Dr Matshidiso Moeti
WHO Regional Office for Africa

 
Other Statements :
 





Forum : World Blood Donor Day -14 JUNE .

 This year, the theme of World Blood Donor Day is “Blood connects us all”, highlighting the common bond that all people share in their blood. The slogan, “Share life, give blood”, draws attention to the role that voluntary donation systems play in encouraging people to care for one another and promoting community cohesion.

 Q&A: Why should I donate blood?

The campaign aims to highlight stories of people whose lives have been saved through Blood donation, as a way of motivating regular blood donors to continue giving Blood, and to motivate people in good health.

14 June
 
        
Amsterdam, Netherlands: the King of Holland thanked a blood donor and a recipient on World Blood Donor Day.
 
 
 
Asia and the Pacific  : Connecting everyone through the gift of life. World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific.

 Europe :
 
 The World Blood Donor Day 2016 global event will be held in Amsterdam on 14 June 2016. The host country Netherlands through Sanquin..
Stockholm's blood donation service Blodcentralen uses text messages to build loyalty among donors WHO Regional Office for Europe.

America : Let's celebrate World Blood Donor Day "Share life, give blood ",
 

 

News :




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 Recommendations :
Women with blood type O may be at greater risk of obstetrical haemorrhage


Safe Blood Components

Requirements for a blood component programme include:

° Effective strategies for the recruitment and retention of voluntary non-remunerated blood donors, including apheresis donors, where applicable, to ensure a safe, adequate and reliable source of blood for component preparation
° Centralization or regionalization of blood processing and testing to permit economies of scale and uniform standards of performance
° Systems and standardized procedures for donor selection, blood collection, processing, testing, storage and transportation to ensure the consistent quality, safety and efficacy of blood components
° Training of BTS staff in all activities related to the provision of safe blood components
° Training in appropriate blood component therapy for staff involved in the clinical transfusion process

The Clinical Use of Blood.

Ensure the safe and appropriate use of blood and blood products.
These strategies should include:

° Prevention, early diagnosis and effective treatment of conditions that could result in the need for transfusion
° Use of good Surgical and anaesthetic techniques, Pharmaceutical and Medical devices to reduce blood loss
° Availability and use of simple alternatives for volume replacement, including intravenous replacement fluids (crystalloids and colloids)
° Appropriate prescribing of blood and blood products in accordance with national guidelines
° Safe pre-transfusion procedures
° Safe administration of blood and Blood products.

Developing  a National Blood System.

Core components of a national blood system include:
° Specific unit within the ministry of health for coordination, programme management and monitoring of the blood system throughout the country
° Advisory body which brings together the major stakeholders to assist the ministry
of health in formulating policy and plans, setting standards and advising on key issues
° Blood transfusion service/s (BTS) involved in donor recruitment, blood and plasma collection, and the testing, processing, storage and distribution of blood and blood products.

Common service delivery models include:
° A single service provider, either governmental or delegated to a not-forprofit, nongovernmental organization
° Multiple service providers, including governmental and nongovernmental organizations, and private institutions
° Hospital blood banks, clinical transfusion services and transfusion committees for the timely provision of compatible blood and its safe and appropriate use.
 
 
PUBLICATIONS :

Blood donor selection: World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on assessing Blood Donor suitability for Blood donation.

Blood donor counselling

 
Red blood cells.