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Thursday, 11 April 2013

International Day of Human Space Flight 2013

载人空间飞行国际日- 4月12日
 International Day of Human Space Flight- 12 April
 Journée internationale du vol spatial habité  - 12 avril
 Международный день полета человека в космос- 12 апреля
Día Internacional de los Vuelos Espaciales Tripulados - 12 de abril



The General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/65/271 of 7 April 2011, declared 12 April as the International Day of Human Space Flight “to celebrate each year at the international level the beginning of the space era for mankind, reaffirming the important contribution of space science and technology in achieving sustainable development goals and increasing the well-being of States and peoples, as well as ensuring the realization of their aspiration to maintain outer space for peaceful purposes.”

12 April 1961 was the date of the first human space flight, carried out by Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet citizen. This historic event opened the way for space exploration for the benefit of all humanity.
The General Assembly expressed its deep conviction of the common interest of mankind in promoting and expanding the exploration and use of outer space, as the province of all mankind, for peaceful purposes and in continuing efforts to extend to all States the benefits derived there from.



50th Anniversary of the First Human Space Flight
108 Minutes That Shook the World

          
52 years ago, on April 12, traveled around the world TASS, beginning with the words: "April 12, 1961 the Soviet Union launched into Earth orbit by the world's first satellite spacecraft" Vostok "with a man on board. Pilot-astronaut spacecraft-satellite "East" is a citizen of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the pilot, Major Yuri Gagarin. "

          
Here's what he wrote about Yuri Gagarin Commission August 23, 1960, to certify future astronauts: "Entitled infinite composure. Coaching moves easily, is working efficiently. Developed a very harmonious. Candor ... Intellectual development is high. Excellent memory. Stands out among his colleagues a broad measure of active attention, intelligence, quick reactions. Diligent. Well prepared for classes and training. Confidently manipulating formulas of celestial mechanics and higher mathematics. Do not hesitate to defend a point of view which considers correct. It seems that he knows life is more than some of his friends. "

          
The materials Tass on the preparation for the flight said that "the first space flight could take only a man who, conscious of the great responsibility entrusted to him the task, knowingly and voluntarily agreed to give up all his strength and knowledge, and can be, and life for the commission of that outstanding feat. "

          
108 minutes lasted first space flight. In these days when space expeditions are made many months, he seems to be very short. But each of these opening minutes was unknown. Yuri Gagarin's flight proved that man can live and work in space.

          
Eminent scientist, designer, spacecraft Academician Sergei Korolev, whose name is associated development of mankind space era, said: "Gagarin proved what a person - on the biggest. He opened the way for the people of Earth into an unknown world. But is it? I think, Gagarin did more - he gave people confidence in their own strength, their capabilities, gave impetus to walk confidently, boldly ... This - Promethean act. "

          
According to the American astronaut Neil Armstrong, Yuri Gagarin "called us all into space."

          
April 9, 1962 in commemoration of the world's first manned space flight signed a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the celebration of the Day of Cosmonautics.

          
Later, according to the protocol of the 61st General Conference of the International Aeronautical Federation, held in November 1968 and the decision of the International Aeronautical Federation, adopted by the thirtieth April 1969, on the proposal of the Federation of Sports aviation festival gained international importance and became known - the World Day of Aviation and Cosmonautics .

          
A half-century later, April 7, 2011 at a special plenary session of the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution officially proclaimed April 12 the International Day of Human Space Flight. Co-authors of the resolution were more than 60 states.

          
Today, in many cities of the Russian Federation, as well as in several countries, the celebrations will be dedicated to this event. In the rocket and space industry Russia's Baikonur cosmodrome and the International Space Station today will remember the events of more than half a century ago, to remember the people, the dream of those who paved the way for humanity in space.

 

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