A selection of UN TV programmes, webcasts and video clips on issues in the news

Thursday, 16 June 2016

World Blood Donor Day 2016, June 14

Всемирный день донора крови, 14 июня.
World Blood Donor Day, 14 June.
Día Mundial del Donante de Sangre, 14 de junio.
Journée mondiale du donneur de sang, 14 Juin.
يوم العالمي للمتبرعين بالدم 14 يونيو.

 A way of motivating regular blood donors to continue giving Blood, and to motivate people in good health.

Theme 2016 : "Blood connects us all."
Тема 2016: "Кровь соединяет нас всех»,
Tema 2016: "Tu sangre me solvo la vida, Comparte la vida, dona sangre",
Thème 2016 : Votre sang m'a sauvé la vie, Partagez la vie, Donnez votre sang.
موضوع 2016: "الدم يربط لنا جميعا"،

“Although we have many external differences, the same vital blood pumps through all our veins,” said Dr Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General. “Voluntary, unpaid blood donation is the act of giving life – the greatest gift any person can give or receive.”

About 108 million blood donations are collected globally every year. Nearly 50% of these blood donations are collected in high-income countries, home to less than 20% of the world’s population. The average blood donation rate is more than 9 times greater in high-income countries than in low-income countries.

However, in many countries, demand exceeds supply, and blood services face the challenge of making sufficient blood available, while also ensuring its quality and safety. An adequate supply can only be assured through regular donations by voluntary, unpaid blood donors.
Regular voluntary unpaid blood donors are the foundation of a safe blood supply because they are associated with low levels of infection that can be transmitted by transfusions, including HIV and hepatitis viruses. Around the world, 25 countries are unable to screen all donated blood for one or more of these infections due to irregular supply of test kits, staff shortages, poor quality test kits, or lack of basic quality in laboratories.

WHO encourages all countries to establish blood services based on full voluntary non-remunerated blood donations. Today, only 62 countries get close to 100% of their national blood supplies from voluntary unpaid blood donations, with 34 countries still dependent on family donors and even paid donors for more than 75% of their blood supply. Blood can be used whole, or separated into its component parts, such as red blood cells, platelets, plasma, and other “substances” that can be used to treat a wide range of diseases. A single unit of blood can be used to benefit several patients.

Transfusions of blood and blood products helps save millions of lives every year, including during emergencies such as conflicts, natural disasters, and childbirth. It can help patients suffering from life-threatening conditions live longer and with higher quality of life, and supports complex medical and surgical procedures.

Message from Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, World Health Organization South-East Asia Region - WHO SEARO,On the occasion of World Blood Donor Day (14 June 2016).

Safe blood transfusion saves millions of lives each year. Blood cannot be synthesized artificially. Human beings are the sole source of this precious, life-saving product. It can help patients suffering from life-threatening conditions live longer and enjoy a higher quality of life, and supports complex medical and surgical procedures. It likewise has an essential, life-saving role in maternal and child care, and also during man-made and natural disasters.
But blood transfusions can also be a source of disease transmission. Blood screening helps maximize the safety of blood transfusion. The risk of infections transmitted through blood transfusion can be considerably reduced by promoting voluntary, non-remunerated blood donations. WHO’s goal is for all countries to obtain their blood supplies from voluntary and non-remunerated blood donors by 2020.
On 14 June every year countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day in collaboration with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the International Society of Blood Transfusion, the International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations and various other partners and stakeholders. The event serves to thank voluntary, non-remunerated blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood and to raise awareness of the need for regular blood donations to ensure adequate availability of blood and blood products for all patients in need.
The theme of this year’s campaign is “Blood connects us all”. It focuses on thanking blood donors, and highlights the dimension of sharing and the connection between blood donors and patients. In addition, we have adopted the slogan “share life, give blood” to draw attention to the role that the voluntary donation system plays in encouraging people to care for one another and
in promoting community cohesion.
Against an annual estimated requirement of 18 million blood units in the South-East Asia Region, around 15.9 million units are collected every year. Around 82% of donated blood is obtained from voluntary donors. 100% of collected blood is screened for transfusion-transmitted infections. In 2000, WHO developed a global strategy for safe blood to reduce the global burden of diseases due to unsafe transfusion. This strategy emphasizes the need for establishing nationally coordinated blood transfusion services
There is a need to involve, educate and empower communities to regularly and voluntarily donate blood to meet national needs. WHO has been at the vanguard of the movement to improve global blood safety since 1975, as mandated by successive World Health Assembly resolutions. The Regional Office for South East Asia is working closely with member states to support them to escalate their blood transfusion services.
The Regional Office will continue to provide technical support to efforts in the region to augment the availability of safe blood. We are also committed to working closely with collaborating organizations to promote voluntary blood donations through the active involvement of governmental and nongovernmental organizations. Together, we are striving towards the ultimate aim of assuring universal access to safe blood and blood products.

Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director,
On 14 June 2016, the African Region joins the global community to commemorate World Blood Donor Day under the theme “Blood connects us all”. This theme aims to highlight the dimension of sharing and connection between blood donors and patients and to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood.
Blood transfusion has an essential life-saving role in all aspects of health care including maternal and child care, particularly in cases of haemorrhage during or after childbirth, severe anaemia; for victims of trauma and accidents; and in the event of man-made and natural disasters. It also supports complex medical and surgical procedures in health care, among others.
In the WHO African Region, the demand for transfusion of blood and blood products is high and the national blood transfusion services are facing the challenge of making sufficient, safe and quality blood and blood products available. From 2013 to 2016, blood donations rose from about 3.9 million units to 4.4 million units. That is 11.4 percent of increase, but this will still cover only around 50 percent of the annual requirement of blood. So far, only 21 countries are collecting 80 to 100 percent of their national blood needs through voluntary unpaid blood donors.
The shortage of blood in most countries in the African Region is often due to the weak implementation of policies, and lack of systems and structures to ensure an adequate supply of safe blood and blood products to meet the needs of all patients requiring transfusion. In addition, most young people and adults have not yet embraced the culture of voluntarism when it comes to blood donation.
I express my gratitude to voluntary unpaid blood donor for their regular blood donation and thank blood donor associations, nongovernmental organizations and volunteer groups which are working alongside health workers to make safe blood available throughout the African Region.
Concrete actions are needed to improve the safety, quality, accessibility and timely availability of blood and blood products in the African Region. As we commemorate World Blood Donor Day, I call upon every healthy person, national health officials, patient groups, professional societies, civil society organizations, the private sector and international organizations to work towards ensuring their countries’ self-sufficiency in safe blood and blood products. This will contribute towards achieving universal health coverage and Sustainable Development Goals in the African Region.
WHO remains committed to continue to provide technical support to Member States to strengthen service delivery and safety as well as improve access to safe blood and blood products for patients in need in the African Region.

Dr Matshidiso Moeti
WHO Regional Office for Africa

Other Statements :

Forum : World Blood Donor Day -14 JUNE .

 This year, the theme of World Blood Donor Day is “Blood connects us all”, highlighting the common bond that all people share in their blood. The slogan, “Share life, give blood”, draws attention to the role that voluntary donation systems play in encouraging people to care for one another and promoting community cohesion.

 Q&A: Why should I donate blood?

The campaign aims to highlight stories of people whose lives have been saved through Blood donation, as a way of motivating regular blood donors to continue giving Blood, and to motivate people in good health.

14 June
Amsterdam, Netherlands: the King of Holland thanked a blood donor and a recipient on World Blood Donor Day.
Asia and the Pacific  : Connecting everyone through the gift of life. World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific.

 Europe :
 The World Blood Donor Day 2016 global event will be held in Amsterdam on 14 June 2016. The host country Netherlands through Sanquin..
Stockholm's blood donation service Blodcentralen uses text messages to build loyalty among donors WHO Regional Office for Europe.

America : Let's celebrate World Blood Donor Day "Share life, give blood ",


News :

Add caption
 Recommendations :
Women with blood type O may be at greater risk of obstetrical haemorrhage

Safe Blood Components

Requirements for a blood component programme include:

° Effective strategies for the recruitment and retention of voluntary non-remunerated blood donors, including apheresis donors, where applicable, to ensure a safe, adequate and reliable source of blood for component preparation
° Centralization or regionalization of blood processing and testing to permit economies of scale and uniform standards of performance
° Systems and standardized procedures for donor selection, blood collection, processing, testing, storage and transportation to ensure the consistent quality, safety and efficacy of blood components
° Training of BTS staff in all activities related to the provision of safe blood components
° Training in appropriate blood component therapy for staff involved in the clinical transfusion process

The Clinical Use of Blood.

Ensure the safe and appropriate use of blood and blood products.
These strategies should include:

° Prevention, early diagnosis and effective treatment of conditions that could result in the need for transfusion
° Use of good Surgical and anaesthetic techniques, Pharmaceutical and Medical devices to reduce blood loss
° Availability and use of simple alternatives for volume replacement, including intravenous replacement fluids (crystalloids and colloids)
° Appropriate prescribing of blood and blood products in accordance with national guidelines
° Safe pre-transfusion procedures
° Safe administration of blood and Blood products.

Developing  a National Blood System.

Core components of a national blood system include:
° Specific unit within the ministry of health for coordination, programme management and monitoring of the blood system throughout the country
° Advisory body which brings together the major stakeholders to assist the ministry
of health in formulating policy and plans, setting standards and advising on key issues
° Blood transfusion service/s (BTS) involved in donor recruitment, blood and plasma collection, and the testing, processing, storage and distribution of blood and blood products.

Common service delivery models include:
° A single service provider, either governmental or delegated to a not-forprofit, nongovernmental organization
° Multiple service providers, including governmental and nongovernmental organizations, and private institutions
° Hospital blood banks, clinical transfusion services and transfusion committees for the timely provision of compatible blood and its safe and appropriate use.

Blood donor selection: World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on assessing Blood Donor suitability for Blood donation.

Blood donor counselling

Red blood cells.

No comments:

Post a Comment