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Monday, 12 October 2015

International Day for Disaster Reduction 2015, October 13






 Theme 2015 : Knowledge for life.
 Thème 2015 :  Des connaissances pour la vie
 Тема Дня 2015 года «Знания во имя жизни»
 موضوع عام 2015: المعرفة للحياة

This year’s observance of the International Day for Disaster Reduction is dedicated to the power of traditional, indigenous and local knowledge.
In March 2015 in Sendai, Japan, I met with the President of Vanuatu, His Excellency Baldwin Lonsdale, at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction. On that very day, his island nation was devastated by Cyclone Pam, one of the strongest storms ever to strike the Pacific.
The force of the storm led to expectations that there would be great loss of life. Thankfully, this was not the case. One reason was that cyclone shelters built in the traditional style from local materials, saved many lives.
Traditional and indigenous knowledge is the indispensable information base for many societies seeking to live in harmony with nature and adapt to disruptive weather events, a warming globe and rising seas.
In Cameroon, low-tech local knowledge passed down from generation to generation helps farmers to cope with drought by soaking maize and bean seeds before planting. Another time-honoured practice -- sprinkling ash over the maize and seeds for a couple of months -- helps keep pests away.
Resilience is the sum of many such acts of disaster risk reduction at the local level.
In the Arctic region, we depend greatly on the local knowledge of indigenous peoples to understand the impacts of climate change, because what happens in the Arctic does not stay in the Arctic.
Changes that affect the availability of traditional food sources highlight the challenge that climate change presents for all of humanity, not just people living in the Arctic.
Local knowledge of the impacts of urbanization, population growth, eco-system decline and greenhouse gas emissions is especially important in an era when more and more disasters are climate- and weather-related.
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction recognizes the importance of community-level engagement in disaster risk reduction. It also underlines how traditional knowledge can complement scientific knowledge in disaster risk management.  Building resilience to disasters is also a key feature of the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals, the framework that will guide our efforts to end poverty and promote shared prosperity on a healthy planet by 2030.
On this International Day, let us recognize the efforts of communities, large and small, who put their wisdom to use in reducing disaster risk and sharing their precious “knowledge for life”.
Ban Ki-moon




 Knowledge saves lives .  

This day is an opportunity to focus on the vital importance of traditional indigenous and local knowledge in disaster risk reduction with respect  to natural hazards. The contribution of indigenous and local knowledge  to resilience among vul nerable populations was highlighted when the tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean in 2004 .  

The third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (14-18 March 2015) in Sendai , Japan, particularly emphasized the need to make  this knowledge better known for the benefit of all. The Sendai Framework thus  campaigns for greater cooperation between governments, local authorities,  communities and indigenous peoples in the formulation and implementation of policies and standards for natural disaster prevention. UNESCO is firmly engaged in this process, through its scientific, educational and  cultural expertise. UNESCO  is committed to the widest possible dissemination of indigenous knowledge to meet the challenges of climate change and natural hazards, especially in remote areas such as small islands, high altitude zones and  the humid tropics.  

UNESCO has launched an initiative in the Philippines, Timor-Leste and Indonesia to record local 
knowledge that helps to predict, mitigate and adapt to storms, cyclones and the effects of climate change .  

It all demonstrate s the  profound knowledge and mastery of the environment by the peoples who live there,  which we must urgently include in  natural  disaster management policies. On the island of Ambae , in Vanuatu, UNESCO  has helped to develop a participatory approach so as to integrate tr aditional and scientific knowledge in the  management of volcanic hazards.  

On the occasion of this Internation al Day, we are  inviting Vanuatu schoolchildren recently affected by Tropical Cyclone Pam to write essays, poems and stories that depict the use of traditional and local knowledge .  

This traditional and indigenous knowledge also helps to protect the cultural heritage against natural hazards and UNESCO is committed to making the best use of it. Effective and sustainable disaster risk prevention requires the combination of  indigenous practices and knowledge with scientific expertise. 

We cannot afford to ignore the knowledge available to us; instead, we must expand on and integrate  knowledge and expertise wherever  they may be found.  

I invite all of our partners and governments to promote this global vision: it is the key to building societies that  are all the more resilient when they are inclusive . 
Irina Bokova






Facts and Figures
  • More than 226 million people are affected by disasters every year. Over the last 40 years, most of the 3.3 million deaths caused by disasters occurred in poorer nations.
  • In 2000-2010, over 680,000 people died in earthquakes. Most of these deaths, due to poorly-built buildings, could have been prevented.
  • Less than 0.7 per cent of total relief aid goes to disaster risk reduction, although every dollar spent on preparedness saves 7 dollars in response.
  • Between 2002 and 2011, there were 4,130 recorded disasters from natural hazards around the world, in which more than 1.117 million people perished and a minimum of US$1,195 billion was recorded in losses.
  • In East Asia and the Pacific, the risks of dying from floods and cyclones have decreased by two thirds since 1980.




FORUM :  International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction - 13 October

This year's international Day for Disaster Reduction highlights the value of traditional, indigenous and local knowledge.


Knowledge for life - Stories

The International Day for Disaster Reduction started in 1989 with the approval by the United Nations General Assembly. The UN General Assembly sees International Day as a way to promote a global culture of disaster reduction, including disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness. Originally celebrated on the second Wednesday of October, the UN General Assembly decided in 2009 to designate October 13th as the date to celebrate IDDR.

The International Day for Disaster Reduction is a day to celebrate how people and communities are reducing their risk to disasters and raising awareness about the importance of DRR. It's also a day to encourage every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster resilient communities and nations.
The 2015 theme for the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is part of a Step Up initiative started in 2011.

Date Title Location
06 Oct - 16 Dec 2015Armenia: DRR Campaign Announced Dedicated to the IDDR15
Organization: ARNAP, Armenia - gov

This year's campaign within the framework for the International Day for Disaster Reduction has been announced. Together with their stakeholders, the Disaster Risk Reduction National Platform of Armenia have organized a variety of workshops and events throughout October, November and December. Organized events: Event Organizer Training on "Environmental Emergency Management and FEAT Integration in Armenia"  UNDP, CMSA, MTAES, UN...
Armenia
09-10 Oct 2015Cambodian Red Cross celebrating International Day for Disaster Reduction
Organization: CRC

Cambodian Red Cross is again celebrating International Day for Disaster Reduction / ASEAN Day for Disaster Management. This year is a special one as Cambodia is chair of the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM). Accordingly, the Cambodian Red Cross and IFRC country delegation will: Join the ACDM events October 9-10 at the Royal University of Phnom Pemh, hosted by National Committee for Disaster Management. Cambodian Red Cross and IFRC will...
Cambodia (Phnom Penh)
09 Oct 2015Summit of Conscience for the Climate: Ifugao tribe ceremony
Organization: UNISDR AP

To celebrate International Day for Disaster Reduction, Asian Champion for Disaster Risk Reduction Senator Loren Legarda and Jerry Velasquez from UNISDR will invite representatives of the Ifugao tribe to receive a certificate recognizing them as Champions for Disaster Risk Reduction. The Ifugoa tribe has been particularly active in protecting the 2,000-year-old Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, a UNESCO world heritage site. The preservation...
Philippines (Metro Manila)
09 Oct 2015Vietnam: International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015 - Knowledge for Life
Organization: CCN

For the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction (IDRR) in 2015, the members of the Climate Change Network (CCN) in the Centre of Vietnam have co-organized an event with the theme "Knowledge for Life" launched by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). Objectives: Create the opportunities to share and strengthen the awareness on using indigenous knowledge and experience together with scientific knowledge to manage...
Viet Nam (Da Nang)
10 Oct 2015Italy: Flash-Mob to Celebrate "Community Champion IDDR 2015 “Knowledge For Life” Award
Organization: Prov di Potenza, Italy - gov

To celebrate the presentation of the award “Champion in the Reduction of the Disaster Risk for IDDR 2015” to the Province of Potenza on the International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) 13th of October, the province is organizing the filming of a “flash-mob” to be sent to the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. Background: The theme this year for the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction (IDDR) is “Knowledge...
Italy (Potenza)
13 Oct 2015#IDDR2015 in San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands
Organization: ULL

The city and university will together celebrate International Day for Disaster Reduction in order to create awareness of the importance of disaster risk reduction actions. The Convento de Santo Domingo will host a set of participatory lectures on the role of traditional and local knowledge in complementing scientific studies on disaster risk management, and the importance of the participatory and community approaches to implement the Sendai Framework...
Canary Islands (Spain) (Tenerife)
13 Oct 201560 Solutions Against Climate Change: Exhibition Opening
Organization: AFD, France - gov; Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva, Philippines - gov; Représentation permanente de la France, France - gov; UNISDR

To celebrate International Day for Disaster Reduction, UNISDR will join the French and the Philippines Missions in Geneva and the French Agency for Development (AFD) and officially open Yann Arthus-Bertrand’s new exhibition “Sixty solutions against climate change”. It will be exhibited for one week, from the 13-20 October, on the Passerelle of the Palais des Nations, the United Nations’ office in Geneva. The exhibition opening...
Switzerland (Geneva)
13-14 Oct 20158th Australasian Natural Hazards Management Conference: Risk, Capability and Impact

The State Emergency Management Committee (SEMC) Secretariat of Western Australia will host the 8th Australasian Natural Hazards Management (ANHM) Conference, with support from the Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC. The conference coincides with the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction on 13 October, and to acknowledge this the Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC is hosting a discussion panel as part of the conference. The panel, featuring three...
Australia (Perth)
13 Oct 2015Bangkok: Thai Red Cross Society special event for International Day for Disaster Reduction
Organization: Thai Red Cross

Thai Red Cross will hold activities on at the Bangkok Art and Culture Centre. Around 500 participants – volunteers, staff, Youth volunteers, the media and general public – are expected. The event will include: A press conference An exhibition about community-based disaster risk reduction activities A seminar on disaster resilience Games and a Q&A about disasters, disaster preparedness and response with prizes Distribution of information,...
Thailand (Bangkok)
13 Oct 2015Bangladesh: Commemeration of International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction

National Alliance For Risk reduction & Response Intitiatve (NARRI), a consortium of 10 INGOs working in Bangladesh, is commemorating the International Day for Disaster Risk and Reduction on the 13th of October. NARRI contributes to the development of posters and pamphlets and is planning to have stalls with the department of Disaster Management Government of Bangladesh, displaying different contents on knowledge for life Government officials,...
Bangladesh (Dhaka)
13 Oct 2015Bosnia-Herzegovina: International Day for Disaster Reduction
Organization: UN

Theme The theme of this year’s International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) is knowledge for life with a toning on indigenous knowledge and traditional coping mechanisms that complement modern science and add to an individual’s or societies’ resilience. In our adaptation of the theme to BiH we interpret the heading ‘Knowledge for Life’ in its broadest sense; focusing on how the combination of natural hazards, exposure,...
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo)
13 Oct 2015Celebrating Indigenous Peoples' Knowledge for DRR in the Philippines
Organization: PRC

The Philippine Red Cross, National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, University of the Philippines and the Center for Disaster Preparedness are working together to celebrate the International Day for Disaster Reduction. On the 13 of October key actors from the Government and Civil Society Organizations in the Philippines will enable a space of dialogue to discuss the role of indigenous knowledge as a key element to build resilient communities. The...
Philippines (Manila)
13 Oct 2015International Day for Disaster Reduction 2015: Knowledge for Life
Organization: UNISDR

The International Day for Disaster Reduction is a day to celebrate how people and communities are reducing their exposure to disasters and raising awareness about the importance of disaster risk reduction. The focus for 2015 is on the traditional, indigenous and local knowledge which complement modern science and add to an individual’s and societies’ resilience. For example, knowledge of early warning signals in nature can be vital to ensuring...

13 Oct 2015Kyrgyzstan: International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Organization: IFRC

On October 13, in order to celebrate the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction, Kyrgyzstan will take actions and measures designed to improve awareness on giving response to emergency situations all over the country. More than 1 million people in Kyrgyzstan live with a risk of an emergency. The region of Central Asia requires the population to get prepared for emergency response. And the Disaster Risk Reduction Day is a good opportunity to...
Kyrgyzstan
13 Oct 2015Myanmar Red Cross Society activities for International Day for Disaster Reduction
Organization: MRCS

Disaster risk reduction is one of the core activities of Myanmar Red Cross Society. For International Day for Disaster Reduction, Myanmar Red Cross Society will this year conduct activities at the national, regional, township and community levels, including: Particpating as partner of the national level celebration hosted by the Relief and Resettlement Department (at which they will distribute and display DRR material and photos). Joining Yangon activities,...
Myanmar
13 Oct 2015Republic of Korea: International Day for Disaster Reduction - Q&A
Organization: UNISDR

International Day for Disaster Reduction 2015 highlights the value of traditional, indigenous and local knowledge. In the Republic of Korea, the International Day will celebrate the theme 'Knowledge for Life' by highlighting how local know-how builds safer and more resilient communities. Korean municipalities are among the most active in UNISDR's global Making Cities Resilient campaign. Their leadership is an excellent example of how local knowledge...
Korea, Rep of (Songdo)
13 Oct 2015Romania: International Day for Disaster Reduction
Organization: Inspectorate for Emerg Situations Petrodava of Neamt County, Romania - gov

This year, on the International Day for Disaster Reduction, the Inspectorate for Emergency Situations Petrodava of Neamt County has organized an earthquake exercise, aiming at providing information concerning the actions that should be adopted during an earthquake and immediately after its occurrence. The event will be developed in cooperation with the County School Inspectorate, involving all schools in Neamt County. On the 13th October, at 09:45...
Romania (Neamt County)
13 Oct 2015Viet Nam Red Cross Society celebrating International Day for Disaster Reduction with launch of World Disaster Report 2015
Organization: Vietnam Red Cross Society

Viet Nam faces typhoons and floods every year, as well as a range of other disasters. Rapid population growth and urbanization are increasing the risks these communities already face. Vietnam Red Cross is working to help mitigate risks and to help communities become better prepared for when disasters strike. To celebrate IDRR and the launch of the World Disaster Report (WDR), the Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC) will host a half-day public event in collaboration...
Viet Nam
13 Oct 2015X Conference: International Day for Disaster Reduction

The International Day for Disaster Reduction, established by the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN), is a reflection on the issue of disasters, taking into account the phases of prevention, rescue and rehabilitation. The theme of this conference is "The role of the private sector in reducing the risk of disaster," thus special attention will be given to the issue of “Knowledge for Life”. The papers presented at the conference...
Portugal (Amadora)
15 Oct 2015Fiji: Seminar - International Day for Disaster Reduction “Knowledge for Life”
Organization: UNISDR Pacific; USP

This seminar will bring together several stakeholders working to integrate traditional knowledge in disaster risk reduction. Presentation topics will include the new curriculum for traditional knowledge in disaster risk reduction and climate change, and traditional preservation techniques for food in preparation for disasters. The event will wrap up with an award ceremony of the Pacific champion for traditional knowledge in disaster risk reduction....
Fiji (Suva)
16-18 Oct 2015Indonesian Red Cross: Palang Merah Indonesia - celebrating International Day for Disaster Reduction
Organization: PMI; BNPB, Indonesia - gov

Each year the Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia or PMI) participates in International Day for Disaster Reduction, marked regionally as ASEAN Day for Disaster Management. This year, the National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) of the Government of Indonesia is organising annual DRR day events from 16 to 18 October in Solo, Central Java. The focus is on flood risk reduction. Palang Merah Indonesia is taking active part in this national...
Indonesia (Solo, Central Java)
16 Oct 2015Timor-Leste Red Cross celebrations for International Day for Disaster Reduction

In collaboration with UNDP, ADPC and the National Disaster Management Directorate, Cruz Vermelha de Timor-Leste are organising for IDDR: A workshop to discuss “Timor-Leste and the Sendai Framework, with an aim to establish what Timor-Leste needs to do to comply with the Sendai Framework. A hazard, vulnerability, risk and capacity mapping exercise in CVTL's Integrated Community Based Risk Reduction resilience program with target communities....
Timor-Leste
24 Oct 2015IDDR 2015 at the United Nations Seventieth Anniversary in Egypt
Organization: Ahmose; UNISDR ROAS

Under the umbrella of the UN 70th anniversary celebration in Egypt, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction-Regional Office for Arab States (UNISDR ROAS) is organizing an awareness campaign under the theme "International Day for Disaster Reduction 2015 - Knowledge for Life" at the Gezira Youth Center in Zamalek, Cairo. The campaign will focus on the importance of traditional, indigenous and local knowledge...
Egypt (Cairo)
30 Oct 2015Cambodian Red Cross celebrating International Day for Disaster Reduction
Organization: CRC

Cambodian Red Cross is again celebrating International Day for Disaster Reduction / ASEAN Day for Disaster Management. This year is a special one as Cambodia is chair of the ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM). Accordingly, the Cambodian Red Cross and IFRC country delegation will: Join the ACDM events October 9-10 at the Royal University of Phnom Pemh, hosted by National Committee for Disaster Management. Cambodian Red Cross and IFRC will...
Cambodia (Kampong Cham)

 
Education to earthquake and tsunami risks. DIPECHO ACSUR project, Nicaragua.



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Knowledge saves lives - UNESCO 
Knowledge saves lives - UNISDR


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