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Sunday, 22 November 2015

International year of Pulses 2016 (IYP)

  International year of Pulses 2016 (IYP).



2016 as International Year of Pulses.


The International year of Pulses 2016 (IYP) aims to heighten public awareness of the nutritional benefits of pulses as part of sustainable food production aimed towards food security and nutrition. 

The IYP 2016 creates a unique opportunity to encourage connections throughout the food chain that would better utilize pulse-based proteins, further global production of pulses, better utilize crop rotations and address the challenges in the trade of pulses.





Five things we learned from the launch of the International Year of Pulses


The official launch of the International Year of Pulses took place on 10 November at FAO Headquarters in Rome. With over 200 participants and many more viewers worldwide, the event welcomed high level attendance from government ministries, civil society and the private sector. The speakers and special guests highlighted the many benefits of pulses, and also brought to light some of the obstacles facing the global production, supply and trade of the crops.
Here are five key facts we learned about pulses from the featured guests and speakers during the launch:

1. Pulses are an indispensable crop for vulnerable communities in developing countries.

In developing countries, pulses make up 75 percent of the average diet, compared to 25 percent in industrialized countries. They provide an affordable alternative to animal protein: pulses contain 20 to 25 percent protein by weight, whereas wheat has 10 percent and meat has 30 to 40 percent. Pulses are an increasingly important crop for smallholder farmers, particularly female farmers who hold a larger share in the labour force in pulses farming.

2. Lentils, beans and chickpeas have been an essential part of human diets for centuries.

Archaeological remains found in Anatolia (modern day Turkey) show that ancient agricultural production of chickpeas and lentils dates back to 7000 - 8000 B.C. Today, wild relatives of lentils and peas are still seen in the southeast Anatolian region, and samples have been collected and protected in Turkey’s gene banks.

3. Pulses consumption is declining.

Although world pulses production has increased by over 20 percent in the past 10 years, consumption has seen a slow but steady decline in both developed and developing countries in the same period. This may be partially due to an inability for pulses production to keep pace with a growing population, as well as a shift in many countries to more meat-centric diets.

4. Science and technology innovations can help close the yield gap in pulses production. 

Crop genetic improvement, selective breeding and sustainable intensive farming have been proven to increase yield potential and climate resilience in pulses. Improved varieties of heat-tolerant faba beans in Sudan helped increase production by 60 kilograms per hectare. In Turkey, the specially developed Gokce variety of chickpea withstood severe drought and produced when most other crops failed.

5. Pulses production is highly water efficient, especially when compared to other protein sources.

Production of daal (split peas or lentils) requires 50 litres of water per kilogram. Conversely, one kilogram of chicken requires 4325 litres of water, one kilogram of mutton requires 5520 litres, and one kilogram of beef requires 13000 litres of water during production. Their small water footprint makes pulses production a smart choice in drier areas and regions prone to drought.
For a full recap of the event, read the press release and check out the Storify below.

2 comments:

  1. International Year of Pulses (IYP) 2016 (Correction).
    The 68th UN General Assembly declared 2016 the International Year of Pulses (IYP) as nations assemble UNNY to ratify “stopping temperature rising 2 degrees, without a global plan!
    Background
    Leaders of nations 2015 during the UN international Year of Soil IYS) reported they had but 10-50 more years of soil left to grow food, then deserts.
    • "The multiple roles of soils often go unnoticed. Soils don’t have a voice, and few people speak out for them. They are our silent ally in food production." José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General.
    • Sustainable soil management is fundamental to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals – many of which reflect the centrality of soils to sustain life, food, and water. Ban Ki-Moon UN Sec General
    The IYS closed with no plan to either grow soil, or, lower anthropogenic CO2 build-up.
    Paris ratification April 22 UNNY of 195 nations sign to stop global temperature to rise 2 degrees!
    IYP Pulses vegetation takes biomass carbon from soil leading to deserts.
    Science explanation of the problem, cause, effect, global-solution in1 move!
    PROBLEM; 96% of Earth’s vegetation take biomass carbon from the soil not atmosphere. 2-4% of Earth’s vegetation takes CO2 from the atmosphere. Earth is a Bank of stripped life support assets
    In the UNNY Paris agreement by a slight amendment “Sink CO2 to soil-carbon” lowers temperature. CAUSE; However; 2016 (IYP) quote ‪‎Pulses‬ are good for people, and are good for ‪‎soils‬ is an error! Pulses are mostly of the 96% of Earths food supply vegetation like trees rice cotton most grain vegetables grasses take biomass carbon from the soil not atmosphere.
    EFFECT; If the world rushes to grow more Pulses and C3 pathway foods the FAO Director General prediction will be a reality no soil no food.
    SOLUTION; Add to the IYP the protocol to grow soil in “concert with growing food”. MOTHER NATURE established the protocol following mass global volcanic eruption many times! Remember ancient ruins covered with 2-5 metres of soil Mother Nature at her best! Soil grows!
    BENEFITS: Lower CO2 and temperature; Grow soil in deserts grows sustainable food, reverses drought, poverty, wars.
    Established protocol 9 PRC province, Mongolia, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbI8YZmBP8g
    Robert Vincin “speaking out for soils- and the Historians of tomorrow”!

    ReplyDelete
  2. International Year of Pulses (IYP) 2016 (Correction).
    The 68th UN General Assembly declared 2016 the International Year of Pulses (IYP) as nations assemble UNNY to ratify “stopping temperature rising 2 degrees, without a global plan!
    Background
    Leaders of nations 2015 during the UN international Year of Soil IYS) reported they had but 10-50 more years of soil left to grow food, then deserts.
    • "The multiple roles of soils often go unnoticed. Soils don’t have a voice, and few people speak out for them. They are our silent ally in food production." José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General.
    • Sustainable soil management is fundamental to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals – many of which reflect the centrality of soils to sustain life, food, and water. Ban Ki-Moon UN Sec General
    The IYS closed with no plan to either grow soil, or, lower anthropogenic CO2 build-up.
    Paris ratification April 22 UNNY of 195 nations sign to stop global temperature to rise 2 degrees!
    IYP Pulses vegetation takes biomass carbon from soil leading to deserts.
    Science explanation of the problem, cause, effect, global-solution in1 move!
    PROBLEM; 96% of Earth’s vegetation take biomass carbon from the soil not atmosphere. 2-4% of Earth’s vegetation takes CO2 from the atmosphere. Earth is a Bank of stripped life support assets
    In the UNNY Paris agreement by a slight amendment “Sink CO2 to soil-carbon” lowers temperature. CAUSE; However; 2016 (IYP) quote ‪‎Pulses‬ are good for people, and are good for ‪‎soils‬ is an error! Pulses are mostly of the 96% of Earths food supply vegetation like trees rice cotton most grain vegetables grasses take biomass carbon from the soil not atmosphere.
    EFFECT; If the world rushes to grow more Pulses and C3 pathway foods the FAO Director General prediction will be a reality no soil no food.
    SOLUTION; Add to the IYP the protocol to grow soil in “concert with growing food”. MOTHER NATURE established the protocol following mass global volcanic eruption many times! Remember ancient ruins covered with 2-5 metres of soil Mother Nature at her best! Soil grows!
    BENEFITS: Lower CO2 and temperature; Grow soil in deserts grows sustainable food, reverses drought, poverty, wars.
    Established protocol 9 PRC province, Mongolia, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbI8YZmBP8g
    Robert Vincin “speaking out for soils- and the Historians of tomorrow”!

    ReplyDelete