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Monday, 21 March 2016

International Day of Forests 2016, March 21.

 
 
 
Forests and Water, Sustain Life and Livelihoods - IDF2016
Тема 2016 года: «Леса и вода»
Theme 2016 : “Forests and Water
Tema 2016 : "Bosques y el agua"
Thème 2016 : « La forêt et l'eau »
2016年的主题是: 森林与水.
موضوع عام 2016 هو الغابات والمياه .
 

 
 
The world’s forests are essential to realizing our shared vision for people and the planet.  They are central to our future prosperity and the stability of the global climate.  That is why the Sustainable Development Goals call for transformative action to safeguard them.
In this first year of implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the International Day of Forests focuses on their role in supporting water systems.  Forested catchments provide three-quarters of all the freshwater used for farms, industry and homes.  
City dwellers in Bogota, Durban, Jakarta, Madrid, New York, Rio de Janeiro and many other major cities rely on forested areas for a significant portion of their drinking water.  When we protect and restore forested watersheds, we can save on the cost of building new infrastructure for water purification.
As the global population grows and demands for water escalate, safeguarding the water-providing capacity of forests is becoming more urgent.  By 2025, nearly 1.8 billion people will live in areas with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world population could face water-stressed conditions.  
Forests are also central to addressing climate change.  Forests provide one of the most cost-effective and efficient natural carbon capture and storage systems.  Investing in forests is an insurance policy for the planet.
Yet, despite their critical importance, forests continue to be razed and damaged.  Every year, 7 million hectares of natural forests are lost and 50 million hectares of forest land are burned.
On this International Day of Forests, I call on governments, businesses, civil society and other partners to adopt holistic policies and practices to protect, restore and sustain healthy forests for our common future.
Ban Ki-moon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Celebrating forests and water! Follow the latest tweets   #IntlForestDay
 

Every year on the International Day of Forests we celebrate the ways in which forests and trees sustain and protect us. This year we are raising awareness of how forests are key to the planet’s supply of freshwater, which is essential for life.

Did you know?


•Forested watersheds and wetlands supply 75 percent of the world’s accessible freshwater
•About one-third of the world’s largest cities obtain a significant proportion of their drinking water directly from forested protected areas
•Forests act as natural water filters
•Climate change is influencing the availability of water resources



 
 


 



 
 
EVENTS :
 
 
International Day of Forests 2016, Rome, Italy
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
How do forests contribute to our water needs?
° 21 March 2016 ...
° Italy, Rome, FAO Hqs,
° Mubarak Center
 
 
 
 
Every year, the United Nations Forum on Forests secretariat holds special events to celebrate the International Day of Forests at United Nations Headquarters in New York which attract participation from representatives of Member States, regional organizations, members of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests and non-governmental organizations. The special events are also webcast live by United Nations Web TV and tweeted live. In 2014, the live webcast by United Nations Web TV engaged a global audience of more than 5,000 viewers
 
 
 
 

° 21 March 2016
° Salle VII, Palais des Nations - UNOG - Genève,
This year’s International Day of Forests is dedicated to the theme of “Forests and Water” as decided by United Nations Forum on Forests and the Collaborative Partnership on Forests....
UNECE and FAO are organising the celebration of the International Day of Forests on 21 March 2016 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. UNECE
 
 
 
 
 

 A 2016 joint celebration of the International International Day of Forests and World Water Day.
° Monday, March 21, 2016.
 ° 10 a.m. – 1 p.m., Ecosoc Chamber, United Nations Headquarters, ... Opening Session

 Featured Speakers:

°  Mr. Wu Hongbo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs
° H.E. Oh Jooh, President of ECOSOC and Permanent Representative of the Republic of Korea to
the UN
° H.E. Olof Skoog, Permanent Representative of Sweden to the UN
Mr. Manoel Sobral Filho, Director of the UN Forum on Forests Secretariat
° Speaker tbd, UN-Water representative
Panel discussion on Forests, Water and Economic Development
Panelists:
° Professor Royal Gardner, Chair, Scientific and Technical Review Panel for the Ramsar Convention
° Dr. Erika Svendsen, Research Social Scientist, US Forest Service - NYC Urban Field Station
° Mr. Bram Gunther , Co-Director, Urban Field Station, NYC Parks Department
° Mr. Eduardo Mansur, Director, Land and Water Division – AGL, FAO (tbc)
° Speaker tbd, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
° Speaker tbd, Private sector representative
General Discussion: Forest and Water are essential for the 2030 Agenda
The floor is open for statements from Member States, United Nations entities and other accredited IGOs and Major Groups
 
 
How do forests contribute to our water needs?
 

Find out with these seven Forest and Water key messages.


1. Forested watersheds and wetlands supply 75 percent of the world’s accessible fresh water for domestic, agricultural, industrial and ecological needs.
 Forests are a key component of watershed management – an integrated approach of using natural resources in a given geographical area drained by a water course. It is by maintaining and providing high-quality freshwater that watershed areas have a pivotal role in the earth’s ecology and contribute significantly to the wealth and welfare of human societies.

2. About one-third of the world’s largest cities obtain a significant proportion of their drinking water directly from forested protected areas.

The populations of major cities such as Mumbai, Bogotá and New York rely on forests for their water supplies. This number will increase as urban centres grow in size and population.

 
  

3. Nearly 80 percent of the world’s population – 8 out of 10 people - is exposed to high levels of threat to water security.

By 2050, an extra 2.3 billion people are projected to be living in river basins under severe water stress, especially in North and South Africa, and South and Central Asia.
 
   

4. Forests act as natural water filters

Forests minimize soil erosion on site, reduce sediment in water bodies (wetlands, ponds, lakes, streams, rivers) and trap or filter water pollutants in the forest litter.

 
  

5. Climate change is altering forests’ role in regulating water flows and influencing the availability of water resources
 Forests are at the forefront of reducing the effects of climate change. In respect of water, one benefit is forests’ cooling effect on the environment produced through evapotranspiration and the provision of shade. The impacts of climate change may also be manifested in an increase in catastrophes such as floods, droughts and landslides – all of which may be influenced by forest cover. Moreover, large-scale deforestation can have an impact on precipitation patterns. 

6. Improved water resource management can show considerable economic gains

By 2030, the world is projected to face a 40 percent global water deficit under the business-as-usual climate scenario. However, every US$1 invested in watershed protection can save anywhere from US$7.5 to almost US$200 in costs of a new water treatment and filtration facility. In developing countries, a US$15 to US$30 billion investment in improved water resources management could have direct annual income returns in the range of US$60 billion.
 
  

7. Forests have a crucial role in building and strengthening resilience

When sustainably managed, forests contribute significantly to reducing soil erosion and the risk of landslides and avalanches, natural disasters which can disrupt the source and supply of freshwater. Forests protect and rehabilitate areas prone to soil degradation and erosion in upland areas.
Forests also reduce the effects of small-scale, frequent or local flooding, and prevent and reduce dryland salinity and desertification. Partial or complete removal of tree cover accelerates water discharge, increasing the risk of floods during the rainy season and drought in the dry season. However, the services provided by ecosystems around the world, particularly wetlands, are in decline. Between US$4.3 and US$20.2 trillion per year of ecosystem services were lost between 1997 and 2011 due to land use change
 .


Forest Areas



 
 
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