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Tuesday, 19 April 2016

World Health Day 2016, April 7

  

World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO in 1948.

主題2016 : 擊敗糖尿病.
Тема 2016: Удар диабета. 
Theme 2016 : Beat Diabetes.  
Tema 2016: Batir la diabetes.
 Thème 2016: Battre le diabète.
 موضوع 2016: حارب السكري.


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World Health Day, April 7, 2016.


Diabetes is an ancient disease that is taking a growing toll on the modern world.  In 1980, 108 million adults were living with diabetes.  By 2014, that number had risen to 422 million — 8.5 per cent of adults — reflecting a global increase in risk factors such as being overweight or obese.  Even though we have the tools to prevent and treat it, diabetes now causes some 1.5 million deaths a year.  High blood glucose causes an additional 2.2 million deaths.

This year, the World Health Organization has issued its first Global Report on Diabetes, outlining the scale of the problem and suggesting ways to reverse current trends.  The burden of diabetes is not equally shared within or between countries.  People in low- and middle-income countries are disproportionately affected, but wherever we find poverty we also find disease and premature deaths.

Diabetes affects countries’ health systems and economies through increased medical costs and lost wages.  In 2011, world leaders agreed that non-communicable diseases, including diabetes, represent a major challenge to achieving sustainable development.  Last year, Governments adopted the Sustainable Development Goals, which include the target of reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by one third.

We can limit the spread and impact of diabetes by promoting and adopting healthier lifestyles, especially among young people.  This includes eating better and being physically active.  We must also improve diabetes diagnosis and access to essential medicines, such as insulin.  Governments, health-care providers, people with diabetes, civil society, food producers and manufacturers, and suppliers of medicines and technology must all contribute to changing the status quo.

On this World Health Day, let us all commit to working together to halt the rise in diabetes and improve the lives of those living with this dangerous but preventable and treatable disease.

Mr. Ban Ki-moon
Secretary-General of the United Nations.


Message from Dr Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General for World Health Day 2016.





A warm welcome to all who have joined us, in this room and online, as we celebrate World Health Day.
This is the day, set aside each year, when we focus on a major public health issue to commemorate the establishment of WHO in 1948.
This year, we are highlighting diabetes as an especially challenging disease that deserves much more attention. The impact of this chronic metabolic disease on individuals, families, communities, health systems, and health budgets is staggering.
The concern is universal. Long considered a disease of rich societies, diabetes is now increasing in prevalence everywhere, with the most striking, and devastating, increases seen in the developing world.
Worldwide, the prevalence of diabetes has doubled since 1980. WHO estimates that 422 million adults had diabetes in 2014.
When diabetes is not detected early and not controlled early, the health consequences are dire. Diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes and nerves. For example, lower limb amputation rates are from 10 to 20 times higher among people with diabetes.
In poor populations everywhere, the costs of managing diabetes can be catastrophic, pushing households below the poverty line. The costs are likewise crippling for health budgets and national economies. WHO estimates that, each year, diabetes costs the world nearly $830 billion in direct medical costs alone.
Diabetes debilitates, but it also kills. Diabetes is responsible for around 1.5 million deaths each year. High blood glucose levels contribute to an additional 2.2 million deaths, mainly by increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Many of these deaths are preventable.
The lives of people living with diabetes can be improved by expanding access to essential medicines, including life-saving insulin, and making technologies, such as those needed to measure blood glucose levels, more readily available.
At present, insulin is generally available in only around 23% of low-income countries. In such settings, diabetes patients who depend on insulin for survival pay the ultimate price for this failure to make essential medicines and technologies readily available and affordable.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development sets a very ambitious targetof reducing premature mortality from four noncommunicable diseases, including diabetes, by one third.
This is truly ambitious. Against the background of what I have just highlighted, much more needs to be done. Other targets call on countries to reach universal health coverage and ensure access to affordable essential medicines. WHO’s own global action plan on NCDs seeks to stop the rise in diabetes and obesity by 2025.
Ladies and gentlemen,
We have a great deal of work to do, but we also have good guidance. Today, we are launching the first WHO Global report on diabetes. This is good guidance.
The report makes an important contribution to our understanding of diabetes and its consequences. Its recommendations are a call to action on multiple fronts.
Data set out in the report underscore the need for action, not only from people living with diabetes, but also from different sectors of government, health care providers, civil society, and the manufacturers of medicines and medical technologies. We also need to engage the system that produces and markets our food.
I invite all of you to do your part. In your personal lives, this means eating healthy foods, being physically active, and guarding against excessive weight gain. Have your blood glucose measured periodically, and strictly follow the advice of your health care provider.
In fact, the diabetes crisis and its huge costs provide one of the most compelling incentives for preventing excess body weight through diet and exercise. This point was strongly underscored by the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity.
Obesity in childhood can be a direct cause of accelerated onset of diabetes, which was once considered an adult disease. This is no longer the case, as we are seeing more and more cases of diabetes in children and adolescents.
Moreover, the prevention of childhood obesity must start with good nutrition in mothers and fathers even before pregnancy begins.
For governments, reducing the diabetes burden means putting policies in place that promote healthy eating and physical activity throughout the life course. Policies that promote breast-feeding and protect children from the marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages are especially important.
It also means improving the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes by putting in place standard protocols and making the necessary medicines and technologies readily available and affordable.
Since its inception 68 years ago, WHO has drawn on the power of population-wide preventive strategies as a way of lowering morbidity and mortality.
On this World Health Day, diabetes represents a prime opportunity for putting this power to work. The payback will be immense.

Thank you.

Dr Margaret Chan,
 Director-General of the World Health Organization


Other Statements :

Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, World Health Organization South-East Asia Region - WHO SEARO, delivers a message for the World Health Day 2016.





 FORUM :  World Health DAY - 7 April.

 422 million adults have diabetes. That is 1 person in 11. Diabetes can lead to complications in many parts of the body and increase the risk of dying prematurely. Key actions for everyone include: eat healthily, be physically active, avoid excessive weight gain, check blood glucose, follow medical advice.
Tweets about #Diabetes
  
World Health Day 2016: Key messages

WHO is focusing the next World Health Day, on 7 April 2016, on diabetes because:

1. The diabetes epidemic is rapidly increasing in many countries, with the documented increase most dramatic in low- and middle-income countries.
2. A large proportion of diabetes cases are preventable. Simple lifestyle measures have been shown to be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. Maintaining normal body weight, engaging in regular physical activity, and eating a healthy diet can reduce the risk of diabetes.
3. Diabetes is treatable. Diabetes can be controlled and managed to prevent complications. Increasing access to diagnosis, self-management education and affordable treatment are vital components of the response.
4. Efforts to prevent and treat diabetes will be important to achieve the global Sustainable Development Goal 3 target of reducing premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) by one-third by 2030. Many sectors of society have a role to play, including governments, employers, educators, manufacturers, civil society, private sector, the media and individuals themselves.

Goal of World Health Day 2016: Scale up prevention, strengthen care, and enhance surveillance
The main goals of the World Health Day 2016 campaign will be to:
  • Increase awareness about the rise in diabetes, and its staggering burden and consequences, in particular in low-and middle-income countries;
  • Trigger a set of specific, effective and affordable actions to tackle diabetes. These will include steps to prevent diabetes and diagnose, treat and care for people with diabetes; and
  • Launch the first Global report on diabetes, which will describe the burden and consequences of diabetes and advocate for stronger health systems to ensure improved surveillance, enhanced prevention, and more effective management of diabetes.
 



Links :


World Health Day 2016  in regions
Africa  - Beat diabetes   Americas - Step up. Beat diabetesEurope - Diabetes,  South-East Asia - Prevent. Treat. Beat diabetes, Western Pacific - Together on the front lines against diabetes  


Publications : 

On the occasion of World Health Day 2016, WHO issues a call for action on Diabetes, drawing attention to the need to step up prevention and treatment of the disease. The first WHO Global report on diabetes demonstrates that the number of adults living with diabetes has almost quadrupled since 1980 to 422 million adults. Factors driving this dramatic rise include Overweight and Obesity.

 Global report on Diabetes 2016

Global report on Diabetes
 Health in 2015 - Frm MDGs to SDGs.

 This report aims to describe Global health in 2015, looking back 15 years at the trends and positive forces during the Millennium Development Goals - MDGs era and assessing the main challenges for the coming 15 years. The 17 goals and 169 targets, including one specific goal for health with 13 targets, of the new development agenda integrate the three dimensions of sustainable development around people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership. The health goal is broad: “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”. Health has a central place as a major contributor to and beneficiary of sustainable development policies. There are many linkages between the health goal and other goals and targets, reflecting the integrated approach that is underpinning the SDGs. Universal health coverage (UHC), one of the 13 health goal targets, provides an overall framework for the implementation of a broad and ambitious health agenda in all countries.
Health in 2015 - From MDGs to SDGs


 Other Publications :
  1.  Urban Health -World Health Organization (WHO).
  2. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014



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