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Thursday, 20 October 2011

MDG 6 - Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases - CIDA

Targets
  • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
  • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
MDG 6―Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
(PDF 175 KB, 2 pages)

Overview

Medecine Bottle © United Nations
Health throughout the world has improved significantly over the past few decades, but this benefit has not been widely shared: the greatest burden of disease continues to be borne by the poor. Globally, the number of people newly infected with HIV peaked in 1996 and has since declined to 2.7 million in 2008. However, the number of people living with HIV worldwide continues to grow, largely because people infected with the virus are surviving longer. Due to inequality, violence, and discrimination, women account for half the people living with HIV worldwide and nearly 60 percent of those infected in sub-Saharan Africa.

Half the world's population is at risk of malaria, and an estimated 243 million cases led to nearly 863,000 deaths in 2008. Of these, 767,000 (89 percent) occurred in Africa. Global production of insecticide-treated mosquito nets has increased fivefold since 2004―rising from 30 million to 150 million in 2009. Nearly 200 million nets were delivered to African countries by manufacturers during 2007-2009 and are available for use; nearly 350 million are needed to achieve complete coverage there. Funds disbursed to malaria-endemic countries rose from less than $0.1 billion in 2003 to $1.5 billion in 2009.

The universal burden of tuberculosis (TB) is falling slowly. Incidence fell to 139 cases per 100,000 individuals in 2008, after peaking in 2004 at 143 cases per 100,000. There were an estimated 9.4 million new cases of TB in 2008, up from 9.3 million cases in 2007 and 8.3 million in 2000. Of the total number of cases, an estimated 15 percent are among those who are HIV-positive.
MDG 6 - Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases - CIDA

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